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Leagrus

(262 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle) | Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne)
(Λέαγρος; Léagros). [German version] [1] Companion of Odysseus Together with Ergiaeus, a descendent of Diomedes, who robbed the Trojan Palladion together with Odysseus, L. steals the Argivean palladion (Paus. 2,23,5). He later took the statue to Lacedaemon (Sparta), where he places it under Odysseus' protection near the sanctuary of the Leucippides and erects a heroon. (Plut. Quaest. Graec. 48). According to Callimachus, Eumedes, a descendent of Diomedes, brings the Argive palladion into the mountains to keep it safe (Callim. H. 5,37ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] …

Hippothous

(158 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Ἱππόθοος; Hippóthoos). [German version] [1] Son of Priam Son of Priam (Hom. Il. 24,251). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Commander of the Pelasgian troops in the Trojan War Son of the Pelasgian king  Lethus, son of Teuthamus, supplies the Trojans with Pelasgian reinforcements from Larisa (Hom. Il. 2,840ff.); killed by Telamonian Ajax in the fight over Patroclus' body (Hom. Il. 17,288ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Son of Aleus [1] and Neaera Son of  Aleus [1] and Neaera, killed by his nephew  Telephus, whereupon his mother kills herself (Hyg. Fab. 243). Zingg, R…

Hyrie

(84 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑρίη; Hyríē). Aetolian nymph. After her son Cycnus' leap from the cliff, she dissolves into tears with grief and becomes the lake that is named after her (Ov. Met. 7,371ff.). At Antoninus Liberalis 12 she is called (according to Nicander and Areus of Laconia) Thyria; when Cycnus, her and Apollo's son, throws himself into the Lake of Canope, she follows him; Apollo transforms both of them into swans. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography F. Bömer, P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphosen, B. VI-VII, 1976, 292.

Corythus

(196 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κόρυθος, Kórythos). [German version] [1] Epiclesis of Apollo  Epiclesis of Apollo, see Kory(n)thos. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea  Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea (Paus. 8,45,1). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Tyrrhenian king Son of Zeus and  Electra [3], the daughter of Atlas. Tyrrhenian king. Founder of C. (or Cortona or Cora: Plin. HN 3,5,63), an Etruscan city (Sil. Pun. 4,720), which was also identified with Tarquinii [1], Lat. Corythus. The Italic version of the myth …

Crotopus

(85 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρότωπος; Krótōpos). King of Argos (cf.  Coroebus [1]), son of Agenor, father of Sthenelas and Psamathe (Paus. 2,16,1). C.'s grave lay in Argos, where later on a temple of Dionysus was erected (Paus. 2,37,7). After killing Python, Apollo visits C. in expiation (Stat. Theb. 1,570). Psamathe bears the god a son,  Linus. C. condemns her to death when he learns of her relationship with Apollo. The latter punishes Argos with a plague (Conon, FGrH 26 F 1 19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Helicaon

(50 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἑλικάων; Helikáōn). Son of  Antenor [1], husband of Priam's daughter Laodice (Hom. Il. 3,123). During the conquest of Troy he was saved by Odysseus (Paus. 10,26,8). With Antenor (Verg. Aen. 1,247) and his brother Polydamas (Serv. Aen. 1,242) H. founded Patavium (Mart. 10,93). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iapis

(69 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] Son of  Iasus and favourite of Apollo. The god wants to grant him the gift of prophecy, of playing the lyre and of accurate archery, but I. asks him for the art of healing instead so that he can save his father's life. With the help of Venus, he heals Aeneas' wounds (Verg. Aen. 12,391ff.; Serv. Aen. 12,391 (Iapyx); Macrob. Sat. 5,15,12). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Leucus

(123 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Odysseus (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Companion of Odysseus, killed by Antiphus, son of Priamus (Hom. Il. 4,491). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Talus, the steadfast guard of Crete (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Son of Talos, steadfast guard of Crete. Idomeneus [1] is L.'s foster father. When he joins the Trojan campaign, he entrusts L. with his house and rulership. L. lets Nauplius entice him to seduce Meda, Idomeneus' wife. Then he kills her along with his bride Cleisithera and Idomeneus' two sons I…

Crocon

(121 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρόκων). Mythical king who ruled in the border area of Eleusis and Athens (Paus. 1,38,2). He was married to Saisara, a daughter of  Celeus. According to the Eleusian myth he was a son of  Triptolemus. Triptolemus was usually considered a son of Celeus and Metaneira (cf. Apollod. 3,102). The eponymous hero was accepted into the sacred Eleusian family. The name C. is derived from the cultic action of the κροκοῦν/ krokoûn, laying of wool threads into the right hand and on the left foot of the mystes. The family of the Croconides built a sanctuary of  Hestia in the 4t…

Idaea

(163 words)

Author(s): Walde, Christine (Basle) | Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Ἰδαία; Idaía). [German version] [1] Epithet of Cybele One of many epithets of the mother of gods ( Cybele), named after her cult on the Phrygian  Ida [2] (e.g. Eur. Or. 1453; Str. 10,469). Walde, Christine (Basle) [German version] [2] Nymph of the Ida mountains Nymph of Ida [2] in Phrygia, wife of the river god Scamander, mother of  Teucer, the first king in the Troad, after whom the people of the Teucri are named (Apollod. 3,139; Diod. Sic. 4,75). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Daughter of Dardanus Daughter of Dardanus, great-granddaughter of [2], second wife of  Phineu…

Korythale

(116 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (κορυθάλη, κορυθαλίς; korythálē, korythalís, ‘leafy twig’ [1]). Doric variant type of the Eiresione (Hsch. s.v. Κορυθαλία). Korythale is a fertility twig from the olive tree or laurel (Plut. Theseus 18), a harvest fetish or fertility fetish [2], which was placed in front of the door at ephebic festivals and weddings (EM 531,53). At the festival of Tithenidia (= ‘wet-nurse festival’), which was celebrated with obscene dances performed by disguised actors [3], the korythale was presented to the goddess of fertility and wet-nurses, Artemis Korythalia (Hs…

Calyce

(181 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Καλύκη; Kalýkē = ‘Bud’, ‘Rose blossom’). [German version] [1] Daughter of Aiolos [1] and Enarete Daughter of the Thessalian king  Aeolus [1] and Enarete; she had seven brothers and four sisters and is the mother of  Endymion by Aethlius or Zeus (Apollod. 1,50; 56; Hes. fr. 10a M-W). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Mistress of Poseidon Daughter of Hecaton, mother of  Cycnus by Poseidon (Hyg. Fab. 157; cf. schol. Pind. Ol. 2.91 where she is called Kalykía). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Woman whose love is unrequited A woman whose love is unrequited;she prays to A…

Caliadne

(21 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καλιάδνη, Καλιάνδη; Kaliádnē, Kaliándē). Naiad, mother of twelve sons fathered by Aegyptus (Apollod. 2.19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iobates

(76 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοβάτης/ Iobátēs, ‘who strides along powerfully’). King of Lycia (anonymous in Hom. Il. 6,174-177), to whom Proetus sends  Bellerophontes with the ‘Uriah letter’ (Apollod. 2,30ff.; Hyg. Fab. 57; cf. Plut. Mor. 248a-d). Father of  Stheneboea and Philonoe. An homonymous tragedy by Sophocles has been transmitted in fragmentary form (TrGF IV 297-299); Euripides wrote a Stheneboea (TGF p.567). Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography T. R. Bryce, The Lycians in Literary and Epigraphic Sources I, 1986, 16-20; 209.

Caicus

(165 words)

Author(s): Schwertheim, Elmar (Münster) | Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κάϊκος; Káikos). [German version] [1] River in Western Asia Minor Today called Bakır Çayı. River in western Asia Minor (Hdt. 6,28; 7,42; Xen. An. 7,8,18; Str. 12,8,12; 13,1,70; Arr. Anab. 5,6,4; Paus. 1,10,4; 5,13,3). It rises in the western Temnus mountains, a landscape that Livy (37,37,3) and Pliny (HN 5,125) referred to as Teuthrania. The plain named after the river C. was fertile and well populated. C. reached the ocean between Elaia and Pitane in the Aeolis, where the river's sedimentation has pushed the land far into the bay of Elaia (the Ἐλαΐτης κόλπος; Elaítes kólpos, today's Can…

Gyes

(31 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γύης; Gýēs). According to the MSS [1], probably the incorrectly written form of Gyges, one of the  Hecatoncheires. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 M. L. West, Hesiod, Theogony, 1966, 210.

Hylaeus

(51 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑλαῖος/ Hylaîos, ‘Man of the woods’).  Centaur, depicted in battle against the Lapiths (Verg. G. 2,457) on the François Vase (6th cent. BC); slain by Theseus (Serv. Aen. 8,294), Hercules (Hor. Carm. 2,12,6) or  Atalante (Apollod. 3,106; Callim. H. 3,221), whom he pursued together with Rhoeicus. Zingg, Reto (Basle)
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