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Rhaikelos

(91 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Ῥαίκηλος). Nach Aristot. Ath. pol. 15,2 besiedelte Peisistratos [4] zusammen mit den Eretrieis (Eretria [1]) am Thermaeischen Golf (Thermaios Kolpos) ein χωρίον/ chōríon (“Platz”) namens Rh., das man bisweilen aufgrund von Lykophr. 1236 f. mit Aineia gleichsetzen wollte. Tatsächlich dürfte es sich aber um den Namen eines Gebietes in der westl. Anthemus handeln, in dem damals die eretrische Kolonie Dikaia entstand. In histor. Kontext wird der Ort nicht weiter genannt. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography D. Viviers, Pisistratus' Settlement on the Thermai…

Gigonos

(98 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Γίγωνος). Die nahe dem Kap Gigonis, das wohl nordwestl. des h. Nea Kallikrateia an der Westküste der Chalkidischen Halbinsel zu suchen ist, gelegene Stadt wird anläßlich des Xerxes-Zuges bei Hdt. 7,123,2 gen.; ferner wird G. zw. 434/3 und 421 v.Chr. in den Athener Tributquotenlisten und für 432 als Etappenziel eines von Makedonien nach Poteidaia marschierenden athen. Heeres (Thuk. 1,61,5; 62,2), dann aber wie das Kap nur noch in der geogr. Lit. erwähnt. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macedoine à l'époque romaine, 1988, 417 M. Zahr…

Anthemus

(99 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Ἀνθεμοῦς). Landschaft mit Fluß (h. Vasilikiotikos) und Stadt (beim h. Galatista) gleichen Namens im Norden der Chalkidischen Halbinsel. Im 5. Jh. v. Chr. makedonisch (Thuk. 2,99,6); im 4. Jh. zeitweilig dem Chalkidischen Bund überlassen (Xen. hell. 5,2,13), stellte A. eine Reiterabteilung zu Alexanders Heer (Arr. an. 2,9,3). Inschr. zufolge existierte die Stadt bis in die Kaiserzeit. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. B. Hatzopoulos, L. D. Loukopoulou, Recherches sur les marches orientales des Téménides 1, 1992, 35-67  F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Ma…

Aphytis

(125 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Attisch-Delischer Seebund An der Ostküste der Pallene südl. von Poteidaia. Im 5. Jh. v. Chr. Mitglied des att.-delischen Seebundes, blieb A. den Athenern auch nach 432 v. Chr. treu; dafür erhielt A. Zugeständnisse (ATL 2,75, D 21), wurde deswegen aber von Lysandros belagert (Plut. Lysandros 20,7; Paus. 3,18,3). In der 1. H. des 4. Jhs. gehörte A. zeitweilig zum Chalkidischen Bund (Syll.3 135) und wurde zusammen mit diesem makedonisch. Im 2. Jh. v. Chr. hat A. noch einmal kurzzeitig Kupfermünzen gep…

Assera

(94 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Assa). Von Hdt. 7,122 an der Nordküste des Singitischen Golfs lokalisiert, ist mit A. der Tributquotenlisten des Attisch-Delischen Seebundes identisch und lag südl. vom h. Gomation am Meer. A. fiel 432 v.Chr. mit anderen Chalkidiern von Athen ab und gehörte seither zeitweise zum chalkidischen Staat, später zum Bund (FGrH Theopompos 115 fr. 147). Mit dessen Ende wurde A. maked., zuletzt um 200 v.Chr. in einer delph. Theorodokenliste genannt. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédonie à l'époque romaine, 1988, 433  M. Zahrnt, Olynt…

Dikaia

(118 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Attischer Seebund (Δίκαια). Die wahrscheinlich in der Mitte des 6. Jh. unter Mithilfe des Peisistratos gegr. Kolonie von Eretria lag östl. von Aineia im Landesinneren (wohl bei Trilofo) und ist bis in die ersten Jahre des Peloponnesischen Krieges als Mitglied des Attisch-Delischen Seebundes bezeugt. Sie konnte in der ersten H. des 4. Jh. ihre Autonomie bewahren und wurde spätestens 349/8 maked. Ihr weiteres Schicksal ist unbekannt. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine à …

Phlegra

(83 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Φλέγρα). Nach Hdt. 7,123 trug die Halbinsel Pallene [4] urspr. den Namen Ph. In der Ant. lokalisierte man hier den Kampf zw. Herakles [1] und den Giganten (Ephoros FGrH 70 F 34; Strab. 7a,1,25; 27; Apollod. 1,6,1; 2,7,1; Steph. Byz. s.v. Παλλήνη). Die Umbenennung der Halbinsel in Pallene wird auf die bei der Rückkehr aus Troia beim späteren Skione gelandeten achaiischen Pelleneis zurückgeführt (Πελληνεῖς, Polyain. 7,47; vgl. Thuk. 4,120,1). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. Ph., RE 20, 264f.

Mekyberna

(162 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Attisch-Delischer Seebund (Μηκύβερνα). Das 20 Stadien östl. von Olynthos an der Nordküste des Golfs von Torone gelegene M. ist erstmals bei Hekat. FGrH 1 F 150 sowie im Rahmen des Xerxeszuges (Hdt. 7,122) erwähnt und dann ab 446 v.Chr. in den Athener Tributquotenlisten verzeichnet. 432 fiel M. von Athen ab, wurde als pólis aufgelöst und verlor seine Bevölkerung an Olynthos, wurde aber noch vor 425 zurückerobert. Im “Nikiasfrieden” (Peloponnesischer Krieg) wurde die Unabhängigkeit der Stadt…

Derris

(28 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Δέρρις). Kap am Südende der Sithonia gegenüber dem Kap Kanastraion auf der Pallene. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 180.

Polemokrates

(79 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
(Πολεμοκράτης). [English version] [1] Von Philippos II. eingesetzter Landbesitzer der Chalkidike Erhielt unter Philippos [4] II. Ländereien im neugewonnenen Gebiet im Westen der Chalkidischen Halbinsel; dieser Besitz sowie derjenige, den sein Sohn Koinos [1], der nachmalige Offizier von Alexandros [4] d.Gr., von Philippos erhalten hatte, wurde später vom König Kassandros bestätigt und für abgabenfrei erklärt (Syll.3 332). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. B. Hatzopoulos, Une donation du roi Lysimaque, 1988. [English version] [2] s. Alexanor; Machaon s. Alexanor; …

Kanastraion

(45 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Καναστραῖον). Das h. Kap Paliuri gen. Kap K. war das südöstl. Ende der Halbinsel Pallene und wird als auffällige Küstenmarke von Herodot an (Hdt. 7,123) bei Schriftstellern und Dichtern häufig erwähnt. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. K., RE 10, 1955f.

Arybbas

(140 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] (Ἀρύββας). Sohn des Alketas (Plut. Pyrrhus 1,5; Paus. 1,11,1ff.), wurde um 360 v.Chr. nach dem Tod seines Bruders Neoptolemos, mit dem er die Herrschaft geteilt zu haben scheint, alleiniger König der Molosser, heiratete Neoptolemos' Tochter Troas und übernahm die Vormundschaft über deren Geschwister Alexandros [6] und Olympias. Letztere gab er spätestens 357 dem Makedonenkönig Philippos I…

Olophyxos

(113 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Attisch-Delischer Seebund (Ὀλόφυξος). Stadt unbekannter Lage an der Ostküste der Akte (h. Athos), nach Thuk. 4,109,3f. von einer gemischtsprachigen Bevölkerung bewohnt. In den Athener Tributquotenlisten ist sie seit 454/3 v.Chr. mit einem Betrag von 2000 Drachmen verzeichnet, blieb auch nach 432 im Seebund und ging erst im Winter 424/3 zu den Spartanern über, konnte aber bald zurückgewonnen werden. Aus der ersten H. des 4. Jh. sind Kupfer-M…

Polemocrates

(89 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
(Πολεμοκράτης/ Polemokrátēs). [German version] [1] Granted lands in Chalcidice by Philip II Under Philip [4] II P. received estates in the newly conquered region in the west of the Chalcidian peninsula; this estate as well as the one which his son Coenus [1], the future general of Alexander [4] the Great, had received from Philip, was later ratified by king Cassander and declared free from tax (Syll.3 332). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. B. Hatzopoulos, Une donation du roi Lysimaque, 1988. [German version] [2] see Alexanor; Machaon see Alexanor; Machaon

Mende

(224 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Colonization | Macedonia, Macedones | Persian Wars | Delian League (Μένδη; Méndē). Town on the western coast of Pallene [4] near the modern Kalandra on the Chalcidian Peninsula, a colony of Eretria [1] which owed its blossoming from the 6th century BC to a famous wine and the profits from its export. Images on the town's coins, which were minted from as early as the 6th century, also make reference to the wine. In the Athenian tribute quota lists, M. is r…

Gigonus

(113 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Γίγωνος; Gígōnos). The town situated close to Cape Gigonis, that is probably to be found north-west of modern Nea Kallikrateia on the west coast of the Chalcidian Peninsula, is mentioned in Hdt. 7,123,2 with regard to the campaign of Xerxes; G. is also mentioned in the Athenian tribute quota lists between 434/3 and 421 BC and for 432 as the line of communication of an Athenian army marching from Macedonia to Poteidaia (Thuc. 1,61,5; 62,2), then however, like the cape, it is only mentioned again in the geographical literature. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography F. Papazo…

Therambos

(105 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Θεράμβως; Therámbōs). T. is mentioned in Hdt. 7,123,1 as the southeasternmost city on the (Pallene [4] peninsula (Scyl. 66: Thrambēís; Steph. Byz. s. v. Θράμβος), presumably in the area of modern Paliuri. T. appears in the Athenian tribute lists, initially together with Scione and from 446/5 BC separately, with the constant contribution of 1000 drachmai (ATL 1, 284 f.) and seems to have remained in the Delian League until the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. The further history of T. is not known; T. may have been reincorporated into Scione. Zahrnt, Michael (Kie…

Stagira

(212 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Peloponnesian War | Delian League ( Stageira; Στάγιρα/ Stágira, Στάγιρος/ Stágiros, Στάγειρα/ Stágeira, Στάγειρος/ Stágeiros). Colony of Andros, founded in the 7th cent. on the eastern coast of the Chalcidian peninsula, shown to have been to the east of modern Olympias. In the 6th cent., S. minted splendid silver coins, but as a member of the Delian League paid only 1000 drachmai (ATL 1, 412 f.). In 424 BC S. seceded to Brasidas (Thuc. 4,88,2), in 422 it was unsuccessfully assaulted by Cleon [1] (Thuc. 5…

Derris

(28 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Δέρρις; Dérris). Cape at the southern end of Sithonia opposite Cape Canastraeum on Pallene. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 180.

Bottice

(250 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Βοττική; Bottikḗ). Region on the western coast of the Chalcidice peninsula, named after the inhabitants of the Macedonian Bottiaea, driven out of their homeland in around 600 BC, with several towns, of which only Olynthus (lost to the Chalcidicians in 479 BC) has been localized with certainty. In the Athenian League, Spartolus, as the most important town of the B., represented the tribal federation, and from 434/3 BC, further Bottiaean towns are registered in the Athenian tribute …

Phlegra

(99 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Φλέγρα; Phlégra). According to Hdt. 7,123, the Pallene [4] peninsula originally bore the name of P. In antiquity, P. was thought to be the site of the battle between Heracles [1] and the Giants (Ephorus FGrH 70 F 34; Str. 7a,1,25; 27; Apollod. 1,6,1; 2,7,1; Steph. Byz. s.v. Παλλήνη). The renaming of the peninsula as Pallene can be traced back to the Achaean Pelleneis who landed at the later town of Scione on their return from Troy (Πελληνεῖς/ Pellēneîs, Polyaenus, Strat. 7,47; cf. Thuc. 4,120,1). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. Ph., RE 20, 264f.

Aphytis

(136 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League On the east coast of Pallene south of Potidaea. A member of the  Delian League during the 5th cent. BC, A. remained loyal to Athens even after 432 BC; A. received concessions in exchange (ATL 2,75, D 21), but as a consequence was besieged by Lysander (Plut. Lys. 20,7; Paus. 3,18,3). As a member of the Chalcidian League for a time during the 1st half of the 4th cent. (Syll.3 135), A. became part of the Macedonian realm. A. briefly re…

Arybbas

(162 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Ἀρύββας; Arýbbas). Son of Alcetas (Plut. Pyrrhus 1,5; Paus. 1,11,1ff.), he became the sole king of the Molossi in about 360 BC after the death of his brother Neoptolemus, with whom he seems to have shared rule, married Neoptolemus' daughter Troas and took over the guardianship of her siblings  Alexander [6] and  Olympias. No later than 357, he gave the latter as a wife to the Macedonian king Philip II (Just. E…

Sermaei

(52 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Σερμαῖοι; Sermaîoi). A city, mentioned from 450/449 until 432/1 in the Athenian tribute lists (ATL 398 f.) and reassessed in 421 BC, probably to be located on the western side of the Chalcidian peninsula; its later history is unknown. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 223-225.

Strepsa

(128 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Στρέψα/ Strépsa). A city - probably in the west of the region Anthemus to the south of Basilica - first mentioned for the time of Xerxes' campaign (Hellanikos FGrH 4 F 61) and from 454/3 BC in the Athenian tribute lists with an unchanging tribute of one talent (ATL 1, 412 f.). In 432 S. seceded from Athens and probably could not be won back. For one last time, S. is mentioned in Aeschin. Leg. 27 among the cities conquered in 370 BC from Calindoea by Pausanias [5], the pretender to the Macedonian throne,. Zahrnt, Michael (…

Alorus

(85 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Ἄλωρος; Álōros). Macedonian city located south of the  Haliacmon near Cypsela, hometown of  Ptolemaeus (son-in-law of Macedonian king Amyntas [3] III) and of the trierarch Pantauchus (Alexander's Indus fleet) [1]. Mentioned in ancient geographical literature (cf. Pomponius Mela 2,35); way-station in the imperial period. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography 1 Berve 2, no. 604. N. G. L. Hammond, A History of Macedonia 1, 1972, 131-135 M. B. Hatzopoulos, L. D. Loukopoulou, Two Studies in Ancient Macedonian Topography, 1987, 37-40 F. Papazoglou, Les vill…

Sinus

(64 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Σίνος; Sínos). City in Bottice, known only from the Athenian tribute lists, where it appears four times between 434/3 and 421/0 BC (ATL 1,406 f.). A document from the time of Cassander found in Potidaea (Syll.3 332) mentions estates in the area of Sinaea. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. B. Hatzopoulos, Une donation du roi Lysimaque, 1988  M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 230 f.

Olynthus

(784 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Dark Ages | Ionic | Macedonia, Macedones | Persian Wars | Delian League | Athenian League (Second) (Ὄλυνθος; Ólynthos). In mythology, O. was either a son of the river god Strymon, who died hunting at the site of the future town of O. in the west of Chalcidice, or a son of Hercules. The location of the town named after him, on two elongated hills on the east bank of the Vatunia River, was established by American excavations (1928-1934). The southerly hill was set…

Scapsa

(104 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Σκάψα; Skápsa). The Scapsaei, who feature in the Athenian tribute lists (ATL 1, 408 f.) from 452/1 BC onwards, may be identified with the inhabitants of the city of Campsa, located by Hdt. 7,123,2 in Crusis, to the northwest of modern Nea Iraklia. In 432 they seceded from Athens, but were won back and there is evidence of their being members of the Delian League in 415/4. In the middle of the 4th century S. was a member of the Chalcidian League, before the city was conquered by Philippus [4] II. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 197…

Spartolus

(184 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Peloponnesian War | Delian League (Σπάρτωλος/ Spárt ōlos). The most significant city in the territory of the Bottiaei, hard to locate exactly, first mentioned in the Athenian Tribute Lists (ATL 1, 412 f.), initially with two talents, from 434/3 BC with three. S. seceded from Athens in 432 (Thuc. 1,58,1) and participated on the side of its opponents in the Peloponnesian War. In the summer of 429 the Athenians suffered a defeat at S.; the following wint…

Tharyps

(120 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Θάρυψ/ Tháryps). The T. mentioned in 429 BC as being under the guardianship of a Sabylinthus (Thuc. 2,80,6) is the first undoubtedly historical king of the Molossi. According to Plut. Pyrrhus 1,4 he made a name for himself as the first Molossian ruler by providing the cities with Greek customs, education and benign laws; according to Just. Epit. 17,3,9-13 he was raised in Athens and was the first to institute laws, a council, annually changing officials and a rei publicae forma ('state structure'). Accordingly, the monarch-led federal state may have been c…

Mecyberna

(178 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Μηκύβερνα/ Mēkýberna). M., which is located about 20 stadia east of Olynthus on the northern coast of the Gulf of Torone, is first mentioned in Hecat. FGrH 1 F 150 and in the context of Xerxes' campaign (Hdt. 7,122). After 446 BC it is recorded in the Athenian tribute lists. In 432, M. revolted against Athens, was dissolved as a pólis and lost its population to Olynthus, but was reconquered before 425. In the ‘Peace of Nicias’ ( Peloponnesian War), its independence from Olynthus was establi…

Sithones

(90 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Σιθῶνες/ Sithônes, Σίθωνες/ Síthōnes). The S., counted by Str. 7a,1,11 as a group of the Edones in Thrace, may have been the original inhabitants of Sithonia and its hinterland, driven back by Chalcidians from Euboea [1] colonising the region. Their relationship to the Sithoni mentioned in Plin. HN 4,41 on the coast of the Black Sea is unknown. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. B. Hatzopoulos, Actes de vente de la Chalcidique centrale, 1988, 52 f.  Id., Grecs et barbares dans les cités de l'arrière-pays de la Chalcidique, in: Klio 71, 1989, 60-65.

Thyssus

(124 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Θυσσός/ Thyssós). City on the western coast of the Acte peninsula (Chalkidice); remains between the Zographou and Konstamonitou monasteries. It appears in the Athenian lists of tribute quotas with a tribute between 4,000 and 9,000 drachmai, remained in the Delian League (cf. ATL 1, 286 f.) even after 432 BC, passed to Brasidas in the winter of 424/3 (Thuc. 4,109), but seems to have been conquered back in the following year by Cleon [1]. In the summer of 421, T., described in Thuc. 5,35,1 as an ally of the Athenian…

Aenea

(157 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (ᾌνεια; Áineia). Situated on the north-west coast of the  Chalcidice peninsula, close to the modern Nea Moudania, of unknown origin. Taking coins as evidence, A. was seen as a foundation by  Aeneas [1] as early as 500 BC. In the 5th cent. BC, it joined the  Delian League, and remained a member beyond 432 BC. At the latest in 349/8 BC, it became Macedonian. In 315 BC, it lost a number of its inhabitants to the new foundation of Thessalonica, but continued to exist. A. is further mentioned on a Delphian list of theorodokoi (a…

Assera

(113 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Assa). Localized by Hdt. 7,122 on the northern coast of the Gulf of Singus, it was identical with the A. of the tribute lists of the  Delian League and was located at the seaside south of the modern Gomation. In 432 BC, A., together with other Chalcidians, seceded from Athens and, for a while, belonged to the Chalcidic state, later to the Chalcidic Confederacy (FGrH Theopompus 115 fr. 147). With the demise of the confederacy, A. became Macedonian; last mentioned around 200 BC in a list of Delphian theorodokoi. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes…

Sithonia

(177 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Σιθωνία/ Sithōnía). Middle finger-like promontory of the Chalcidian peninsula, which, together with its hinterland, was the settlement area of the Chalcidians. The cities of Olynthus, Mecyberna, Sermylia, Pilorus, Assera and possibly Stolus can be located to the north of the isthmus where Singus was and Gale, Torone and Sarte to the south of it. These cities are in the Athenian tribute lists, some from 454/3 BC, some not until shortly before 432, when, except for Torone and Sarte,…

Scione

(189 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Peloponnesian War | Persian Wars | Delian League (Σκιώνη/ Skiṓnē). City on the southern coast of Pallene [4] between Nea Skioni and Agios Nikolaos. According to local tradition (Thuc. 4,120,1; cf. Konon FGrH 26 F 13;  Polyaenus, Strat. 7,47) S. was founded after the Trojan War by Achaei from Pellene. In the winter of 480/79 BC S. took part in the defence of Potidaea against the Persians (Hdt. 8,128). S. then appears consistently with six talents in the …

Sermylia

(204 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Σερμυλία/ Sermylía). City on the right bank of the Chavrias to the south of modern Ormilia at the northern end of the Gulf of Torone (Hdt. 7,122; Scyl. 66). The earliest evidence for S. is on silver coins minted in the 6th cent. BC (HN 207). Judging by the magnitude of its tribute during its membership of the Delian League (ATL 400 f.), varying between three and seven talents, S. was after Torone the most important Chalcidian city. …

Tinde

(80 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Τίνδ; Tíndē). A city, probably inland but not precisely located, which, on the evidence of the Athenian tribute lists (ATL 1, 424 f.), was one of the cities of the Crusis that were forced to join the Delian League in 434/3 BC and seceded in 432. T. was a member of the Chalcidian League from before the middle of the 4th cent. BC (Steph. Byz. s. v. Τίνδιον). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 247.

Singus

(122 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Σίγγος/ Síngos). City on the gulf named after it, on the isthmus of Sithonia at modern Agios Nikolaos. After its mention during the campaign of Xerxes I (Hdt. 7,122), it appears in the Athenian tribute lists, usually with two talents (ATL 1, 402 f.). In 432/1 BC the city seceded from Athens and lost the greater part of its inhabitants to Olynthus. After fighting took place in its territory (IG I3 1184), it was regained by the Athenians and in the Peace of Nicias in 421 (Peloponnesian War D.) was dec…

Lecythus

(40 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Λήκυθος; Lḗkythos). In 423 BC the Spartan commander Brasidas conquered the fort of L. - mentioned only in Thuc. 4,113-116 - in the area of the town of Torone on the Chalcidic peninsula. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)

Aeropus

(150 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
(Ἀέροπος; Aéropos). [German version] [1] Brother of the founder of the Macedonian royal dynasty According to Hdt. 8,137,1 brother of the founder of the Macedonian royal dynasty. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) [German version] [2] I. fourth king of the Macedonians (c. middle of the 6th cent.) A. I, according to Hdt. 8,139 fourth king of the Macedonians ( c. middle of the 6th cent.), probably to be regarded as historical. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography HM, vol. 2, 4. [German version] [3] II. king of the Macedonians (beginning 4th cent. BC) A. II, between 400/399 and c. 394 guardian of Orestes…

Torone

(368 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Dark Ages | Colonization | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Peloponnesian War | Persian Wars | Delian League | Athenian League (Second) (Τορώνη/ Torṓnē). A city, located at the modern village of Toroni (Hdt. 7,122; Scyl. 66), dominating the whole southern part of Sithonia, the middle finger-like promontory of the Chalcidian peninsula. Its significance in Antiquity was primarily due to an excellent harbour, still in use today, in a bay on the southwestern …

Crusis

(151 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Κρουσίς; Krousís). This region named in Hdt. 7,123,2, Thuc. 2,79,4, Str. 7, fr. 21 and Steph. Byz. s.v., lay to the north of  Bottice on the north-west coast of the Chalcidic peninsula between cape Megalo Karaburnu and Nea Kallikrateia. Its coastal towns Aenea, Smila, Scapsa, Gigonus and Haisa are mentioned already in Hecataeus and in Herodotus' account of Xerxes' campaign, and attested, in some cases from 452/1 BC, in others only from 434/3 (together with the inland localities of…

Rhaecelus

(106 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Ῥαίκηλος; Rhaíkēlos). According to Aristot. Ath. pol. 15,2, Peisistratus [4] and the Eretrieis (Eretria [1]) colonised a χωρίον/ chōríon ('spot') on the Thermaean Gulf (Thermaios Kolpos) called R., which, on the basis of Lycoph. 1236 f., scholars have from time to time identified with Aenea. In fact, however, it is probably the name of a region in the western Anthemus, in which at the time the Eretrian colony of Dicaea came into being. There is no further mention of the place in a historical context. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography D. Viviers, Pisistratus' Settlem…

Dicaea

(131 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Athenian League (Second) (Δίκαια; Díkaia). This colony of  Eretria was probably founded in the middle of the 6th cent. BC with the help of Peisistratus; it lay east of Aineia in the interior, probably near Trilofo. As late as the early years of the Peloponnesian War it was a member of the  Delian League. It was able to keep its autonomy into the first half of the 4th cent., becoming Macedonian no later than 349/8. Its later history is unknown. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine à l'époqu…

Sarte

(115 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Σάρτη; Sártē). Mentioned in Hdt. 7,122 as the southernmost of the towns on the east coast of the Chalcidian Sithonia (Chalcidice), S. should be found in the area of present-day Sarti. S. appears in the Athenian registers of the tribute shares only in 434/3 BC (ATL 1,396 f.), after the area was split off from Torone; in 432, at the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, it sided with Athens; in 415/4 it appears once more in the evidence as a member of the Delian League. Since it is not mentioned again in the evidence, S. must have been re-incorporated later by Torone. Zahrnt, Michael…

Smila

(32 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
[German version] (Σμίλα; Smíla). City in Crusis (Hecat. FGrH 1 F 148; Hdt. 7,123,2; ATL 1, 410 f., until 421 BC). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 236.

Sane

(205 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel)
(Σάνη/ Sánē). [German version] [1] Colony of Andros This item can be found on the following maps: Colonization | Persian Wars | Delian League Colony of Andros on the south side of the isthmus of the Chalcidian Acte (Chalcidice) at the end of the canal built by Xerxes (Hdt. 7,22 f.; 123). As a member of the Delian League, S. paid on average one talent a year in the 5th cent. BC (ATL 1,396 f.). In 432 BC, at the onset of the Peloponnesian War, S. remained on Athens' side and in the winter of 424/423 resisted the attack b…
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