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Circeii

(163 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Tribus | Coloniae | Latini, Latium Town (possibly Volscian) on the mare Tyrrhenum below the mons Circeius, on the southern border of Latium, modern San Felice C. (Latina province).  Tarquinius Superbus supposedly founded C. and Signia as a colony but the coloni were expelled by  Coriolanus (Liv. 1,56,3; 2,39). In 393 BC C. was a colonia Latina. After an uprising C. joined the  Latin League (338 BC). The town declined after the Second Punic War; after 89 BC it was a municipium (Cic. Fin. 4,7) of the tribus Pomptina. Its oysters wer…

Ariminus

(20 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] River in  Umbria (Str. 5,1,11), modern Marecchia, flows into the Adriatic near  Ariminum. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Turrita

(36 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Station on the Via Aemilia Scauri in Etruria (Etrusci) between Vada Volaterrana (modern Vada) and Pisae; modern Torretta. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography E. Repetti, Dizionario geografico fisico storico della Toscana, vol. 5, 1843, 543.

Marcina

(57 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Etruscan town in the ager Picentinus (cf. Plin. HN 3,70), later inhabited by Samnites, at a distance of 120 stadia from Pompeii (Str. 5,4,13); therefore probably to be identified with Vietri sul Mare (Salerno) (archaic graves). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography B. D'Agostino, Marcina?, in: Dialoghi d'Archeologia 2, 1968, 139-151 M. Frederiksen, Campania, 1984, 33.

Callicula

(79 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Mountain north of Campania, which constituted the border of the ager Falernus at Casilino. It probably corresponds to the massif of Monte Maggiore (1037 m), which is encircled by a great loop of the river Volturnus. It was here that Q. Fabius Maximus attempted to halt Hannibal's progress in 217 BC (Liv. 22,15,3; 22,16,5). In Pol. 3,92 named as Ἐριβιανὸς λόφος, Eribianòs lóphos (possibly Τρεβιανὸς λόφος; Trebianòs lóphos, from Trebula). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen 2, 688.

Olana

(70 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] At Trigaboli, the Padus (Po) divided (Pol. 2,16,11; somewhere near Ferrara) to north and south into the  O. ( Volana, Plin. HN 3,120) and Padoa river branches, thus forming the delta. The mouth of the O. ran into a large harbour on the Adriatic (Pol. 2,16,12). Although its course today is somewhat different, the name has been preserved in that of the River Volano. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Carventum

(57 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Town in Latium near Praeneste; member of the Latin League (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 5,61). The arx Carventana is mentioned in connection with the disputes between Rome and the  Aequi until 409 BC (Liv. 4,53,55). No traces from a later period; its identification with Roccamassima is unfounded. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography BTCGI 5, 20-28.

Tarentum

(145 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] [1] see Taras [2] See Taras [2]. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) [German version] [2] Sacred district in Rome Sacred district in Rome at the extreme northwest of the Campus Martius on the Tiber (Rome III. D.; Paul. Fest. 440 f.: Terentum). It was there that the Sabine Valesius from Eretum is supposed to have landed and established a cult on the spot where he had discovered an altar to Dis Pater and Proserpina at a depth of 20 feet. The cult was the preserve of the Valeria gens. For the games in T. see Ludi (III. K.). The nearby ford over the Tiber was…

Sabatinus Lacus

(168 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Lake in southern Etruria near Caere (Frontin. Aq. 71; Columella 7,16; Sil. Pun. 8,492: Sabatia stagna; Str. 5,2,9: λίμνη Σαβάτα/ límnē Sabáta), modern Lago di Bracciano. The eponymous city (Geogr. Rav. 4,36: Sabbatis) is probably identical to modern Bracciano and was a station on the road running north of the SL from Forum [IV 1] Clodii (modern San Liberato) via Aquae Apollinares Novae (modern Vicarello; thermae, Roman sanctuary) to Baccanae (modern Baccano; Tab. Peut. 5,3). The tribus Sabatina (Fest. 464 f.) was named after the SL, while the tribus Arnensis [1. 274]…

Carsioli, Carseoli

(222 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Tribus | Coloniae | Coloniae A town of the  Aequi on the upper course of the Turano between Arsoli and Carsòli. Colonia latina (302-298 BC) on the via Valeria, 42 miles from Rome. In 168 BC, Bithys, the son of the Thracian king, was exiled there. From 89 BC a municipium of the tribus Aniensis. Ovid staid there (Ov. Fast. 4,681ff.). Few pre-Roman remains, regular town structure with tufa walls in opus quadratum and polygonal limestone terracing. Temple complex; 3 km to the east a votive repository of the 6th-2nd cen…

Valvata

(38 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Road station on the Via Quinctia between  Faesulae and Pisae on the Arnus (Tab. Peut. 4,1 f.) at modern Cascina. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography A. Mosca, Via Quinctia 2, in: Journal of Ancient Topography 9, 1999, 165-174.

Salebro

(72 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Harbour in Etruria (It. maritimum 500,6: Scabris), modern Portiglione di Scarlino in the Gulf of Follonica opposite Ilva (Elba). Station on the via Aurelia between the mouth of the Umbro and Populonia (It. Ant. 292,3: Salebrone; Tab. Peut. 4,3: Saleborna), where parts of road paving survive. Labrone in Cic. Ad Q. Fr. 2,5,8 is probably the corruptly transmitted placename S. (amended by Wesseling to Salebrone). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Volcei

(103 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] City in Lucania on a hilly ridge (663 m high) in the valley of the Tanager, modern Buccino (in the province of Salerno). Subjugated in 209 BC by the Romans (Liv. 27,15,2), at first a municipium of the tribus Pomptina, then a praefectura (Liber coloniarum 1,209). The Numestrani (Plin. HN. 3,61; Numistro) and the pagi Forensis and Naranus (Nares Lucanae, modern Lo Scorzo) were assigned to it (CIL X 407). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography V. Bracco, V. (Forma Italiae, Regio III, vol. 2), 1978  Id., V. in: Supplementa Italica, N. S. 3, 1987  W. Johannowsky, Italici …

Xuthia

(73 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] (Ξουθία; Xouthía). Region ( chôra) at Leontini, kingdom of a mythical ruler, Xuthus [2], still so called in the time of Diodorus [18] (5,8,2)  (in Steph. Byz. s. v. Ξ. incorrectly listed as a city). The name of Sortino, 16 km to the south of modern Lentini, recorded from the 13th cent. onwards, may derive from X. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography E. Manni, Geografia fisica e politica della Sicilia antica, 1981, 92, 242.

Roboraria

(53 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Statio of the Via Latina in Latium, 13 Roman miles away from Rome (Itin. Anton. 305,7), possibly today's Osteria della Molara. The name is derived from the oaks (Latin robur) in this area (compare Gell. NA 2,20,5). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography G. Tomassetti, La Campagna Romana, 1910, 519 (reprint 1976).

Tolenus

(82 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Central-Italian river (Ov. Fast. 6,565), modern Turano. It rises in the Montes Simbruini (modern Monti Simbruini), flows through the territory of the Aequi of Carsioli (to the northeast of modern Cársoli), of the Sabini of Trebula Mutuesca (near Monteleone Sabino) and Reate, where it joins with the Avens to form the Rosea Rura wetlands. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography A. R. Staffa, La viabilità romana della valle del Turano, in: Xenia 6, 1983, 37-44  Id., L'assetto territoriale, in: ArchCl 36, 1984, 231-265.

Vescia

(140 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] City of the Ausones on the northwestern slopes of Mons Massicus, where the Liris (modern Garigliano) flows into the Mare Tyrrhenum (Luc. 2,425). It remains to be located. V. became involved in the war between Rome and the Latini (341-340 BC; Liv. 8,11,5 for the year 340); it was destroyed by the Romans in 314 BC (Liv. 9,25,4) and not rebuilt. The place name has survived in Saltus Vescinus (Liv. 10,21,8; modern Monte Roccamonfina; [1. 12 f.]), in Montes Vescini, in Aquae Vescinae (modern Terme di Suio), in Ager Vescinus (Liv. 10,21,7, modern Piano di Sessa, where i…

Peltuinum

(133 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Praefectura of the Vestini, tribus Quirina, in regio IV (Plin. HN 3,107; CIL IX 3314) on a plateau (approx. 870 m) at the foot of the Mons Fiscellus (now Gran Sasso), the present-day San Paolo di Peltuino at Castelnuovo di Ansedonia. Evidence of intensive construction in the period after 43 BC (city wall, theatre and housing; Aqua Augusta, restored AD 78). The decumanus maximus was overlaid by the via Claudia Nova from AD 47 (today 'tratturo'). The settlement concentrated along this road from the 3rd cent. AD. It declined gradually after the earthq…

Septempeda

(102 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Municipium in Picenum, tribus Velina, Regio V, established in the 2nd cent. BC on the left bank of the upper Flusor (modern Potenza) (Str. 5,4,2; Ptol. 3,1,52; Plin.  HN  3,111); located 2 km to the east of San Severino Marche near Macerata. S. was on a connecting road between the Via Salaria and the Via Flaminia (It. Ant. 312; 316; cf. CIL IX 5936). Remains of the city wall survive. The existence of a 7th cent. BC Piceni settlement with a necropolis at Pitino 4 km to the northeast of S. has been demonstrated. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography M. Landolfi, S., 1991.

Maternum

(34 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Way station in Etruria on the v ia Clodia, 12 miles from Tuscana and 18 miles from Saturnia (Tab. Peut. 5,1). Its exact location is unknown. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Miller, 296.

Anio

(230 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Left tributary of the  Tiber, the border between Sabinum and Latium; it rises on the southern slope of the Simbru(v)ini colles ( Simbru(v)inus) on the territory of the  Aequi; at the waterfalls of Trevi (Treba) with their deep and narrow gorges, it flows out into the plains. The river dams up at the three Simbru(v)ini colles -- near Sublaqueum, Varia (modern Vicovaro), and at Tibur, where it cascades down to the plains from a height of 100 m. From that point onwards, it is navigable (Str. 5,3,11; Plin. HN 3,5 -- export of travertine = lapis Tiburtinus, tuff, and red sandsto…

Silva Maesia

(61 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Forest in southern Etruria to the southwest of Veii on the coastal strip to the north of the Tiber's mouth between the sea and the lagoon. It was taken from Veii in the course of the construction of Ostia under Ancus Marcius [I 3] (Liv. 1,33,9; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 3,41). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen 2, 359.

Romulea

(85 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] (Ῥωμυλία; Rhōmylía). Samnite city in the region of the Hirpini, located on the La Toppa mountain (988 m) near present-day Bisaccia (Prov. Avellino) (Steph. Byz. s. v. Ῥ.). In 296 BC, R. was badly affected in the 3rd Samnite War (Liv. 10,17,6 f.; 11: Romulea). Situated below R. was the statio Subromula on the via Appia (It. Ant. 120,3; Tab. Peut. 6,5; Geogr. Rav. 4,20: Submurula), 16 Roman miles from Aec(u)lanum and 11 miles from Aquilonia [2]. Samnites, Samnium Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Farfarus

(52 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Left-hand tributary of the Tiber in the region of the Sabini (Ov. Met. 14,330; Sil. Pun. 4,182); Latinized as Fabaris (Verg. Aen. 7,715; Vibius Sequester 148), the modern Farfa; it flows by Trebula Mutuesca. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen vol. 2, 478 M. P. Muzzioli, s.v. Fabaris, EV 2, 451.

Tabellaria

(40 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Road station in Etruria (Tab. Peut. 5,1) on the via Aurelia between Centumcellae and Graviscae near the mouth of the Minio. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography C. Corsi, Le strutture di servizio del cursus publicus in Italia, 2000, 143.

Perusia

(282 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Etrusci, Etruria | Regio, regiones | Batavian Revolt Originally an Umbrian settlement, then a member of the Etruscan League of twelve cities (Liv. 9,37,12), east of Lacus Trasumenus on a rise on the right bank of the Tiber, modern Perugia. Municipium of the tribus Tromentina, regio VII (Plin. HN 3,52). Subjugated by Rome in 295 BC (Liv. 10,31,3), P. in 205 BC supplied grain and wood to Cornelius [I 71] Scipio for the planned invasion of Africa (Liv. 28,45,18). P. was the site of the bellum…

Nursia

(193 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Natural catastrophes Northernmost city of the Sabini on a high plain in the upper Nar valley near Mons Tetrica; praefectura of the tribus Quirina (Fest. 262,15 L.), later in regio IV (Plin. HN 3,107; Ptol. 3,1,55), present-day Norcia, province of Perugia. During the 2nd Punic War  N. provided soldiers for P. Cornelius [I 71] Scipio, in 205 BC (Liv. 28,45,19). As punishment for the inscription in memory of the war dead of Mutina, coloni were settled in N. by the later Augustus. N. was home to Sertorius (Plut. Sertori…

Hirpini

(252 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Samnite tribe in Samnium from mons Taburnus to the valleys of Volturnus, Calor, the upper Aufidus as far as mons Vultur. The name H. probably derives from that of the wolf ( hirpus), holy to the H., which was said to have led the H. into their area of settlement from the north (Str. 5,4,12). During the Iron Age, they are represented by the Cairano culture and the Fossa culture of Caudium. The area of the H. encompassed Caudium, Malventum, Aeculanum, Romulea, Aquilonia [2] and Compsa, as well as the Abellinates, …

Hellana

(67 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Staging-post in Etruria on the via Cassia between Florentia ( c. 27 km away) and Pistoriae ( c. 9 km away; Tab. Peut. 4,2; Geogr. Rav. 4,36); in AD 848 attested as Alina (MGH, Diplomata Karolina 3,242, no. 102) and therefore to be identified with Agliana (Pistoia). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography S. Pieri, Toponomastica della Valle dell'Arno, 1919, 114 M. Lopes Pegna, Itineraria Etruriae, in: SE 21, 1950/1, 407-443, esp. 426.

Fidenae

(163 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Tribus Latin town on a hill left of the Tiber along the via Salaria (Tab. Peut. 5,5), five (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 2,53) or six (Eutr. 1,4,19) miles from Rome. It was settled from the Iron Age onwards [1], and took part in the feriae Latinae on mons Albanus (Plin. HN 3,69). During the 5th cent., it was allied with Veii (Liv. 4,17ff.). At the time of Horace (Epist. 1,11,8), it was almost completely abandoned. The collapse of the wooden amphitheatre in AD 27 claimed many victims, the majority of…

Neminia

(38 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Fons Neminiae, spring in the region of Reate in the territory of the Sabines, regio IV (Plin. HN. 2,230; 31,12?), which surfaced at various places; cannot be identified. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen 2, 474.

Mevania

(86 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria Umbrian city above the Plain of Foligno (modern Bevagna), municipium of the tribus Aemilia traversed by the Via Flaminia. Ancient remains: city walls, forum with a pseudoperipteros temple, theatre (1st cent. AD), amphitheatre, thermae (mosaics, 2nd cent. AD) and aqueduct. In the territory of M. there was viticulture and cattle breeding. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography C. Pietrangeli, Mevania (Bevagna), 1953 P. Fontaine, Cités et enceintes, 1990, 223-244 A. E. Feruglio, Mevania, 1991.

Aesernia

(185 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | Tribus | Coloniae Main town of the Pentri in  Samnium, on a mountain ridge between the rivers Sordo and Carpino at the source of the  Volturnus, modern Isernia. Important road junction ( via Aesernia, CIL IX 2655). In 295 BC captured by the Romans, in 264 BC extended by a Latin colony (minting). Following the Social War (80 BC)   municipium of the tribus Tromentina. Remains of polygonal walls, enclosing an area of 12 hectares, were part of the Latin colony. The   cardo maximus equat…

Falacrinae, Falacrinum

(77 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Settlement of the Sabini ( regio IV) at the sources of the Avens in the area of Reate on the border with Picenum. Station of the via Salaria (It. Ant. 307; Tab. Peut. 5,4), near the church of S. Silvestro in Falacrino in Collicelle (Cittareale, Rieti). Birth place of Vespasianus (Suet. Vesp. 2,1). Inscriptions.: CIL IX, p. 434. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen vol. 2, 468 N. Persichetti, Viaggio archeologico della via Salaria, 1893, 79f.

Suessa Aurunca

(199 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Tribus | Coloniae | Coloniae Capital of the Aurunci (Vell. Pat. 1,14,4) between Minturnae and Teanum Sidicinum, modern Sessa, settled since the 8th cent. BC. After it was destroyed by the Sidicini and resettled, the Romans established a colony there in 313 BC (with ius Latii: Liv. 9,28,7; Vell. Pat. 1,14,4). Minting (280-268 BC; HN 42). In 90/89 BC municipium, tribus Aemilia (CIL X 4776; Cic. Phil. 13,18). In 30/28 BC the establishment of the colony colonia Iulia Felix Classica S. followed (CIL X 4832; Plin. HN …

Aurunci

(21 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Latin tribal name, derived by rhotacism from the more usual ethnic  Ausones.  Suessa Aurunca Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Sena Gallica, Senagallia

(174 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | Umbri, Umbria | Coloniae | Punic Wars | Regio, regiones City in Umbria to the south of the mouth of the Sena on the Ionios Kolpos (Adriatic) coast (Lucan. 2,407; Sil. Pun. 8,453; in its lower reaches the Sena is the modern Misa) in the  Ager Gallicus region, modern Senigallia. The Romans founded a colonia maritima there, probably in 289 BC (Pol. 2,19,12; Liv. Per. 11; Str. 5,2,10). In 207 SG was used by the Romans as fixed quarters (Liv. 27,46,4; Punic Wars), before the battle of the Metaurus [2] ( proelium…

Sagis

(75 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] River branch in the delta of the Padus (Po), splitting from the main stream west of Spina, where the Tab. Peut. 5,1 places the statio of Sacis ad Padum. In the Etruscan period, the city of Atria diverted the S. to fill the Venetian swamps (Septem Maria), thereby obtaining a navigable channel, which the Romans under Vespasian (AD 69-79) remodelled into the fossa [3] Flavia (Plin. HN 3,120). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Venetulani

(49 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Latin people, counted among the 30 Alban communities that carried out sacrificial activities on Mons Albanus (probably Varro in Plin. HN 3,69). The name may derive from a Veneti [1] settlement which may have been called Venetulum. Location unknown. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen 2, 556.

Appenninus

(230 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Chain of mountains; a continuation of the Alps from the Colle di Cadibona above Savona to the Straits of Messina, and forming the backbone of the Italian peninsula. Highest point is the Gran Sasso (2912 m) in the Abruzzi. The highest point of the Apuan mountains in  Liguria is the Auginus (today Cimone, 2165 m), a cult site, like Monte Guragazza above Felsina and Monte Falterona above Arezzo near the sources of the Arno; these mountain ranges divided regiones VII and VIII. The  Tiber has its source halfway up the chain in the territory of the Casuentini. Fu…

Rubico

(222 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] (Ῥουβίκων; Rhoubíkōn). River whose name, derived from its red colour, is probably preserved in Urgone (dialect form Rigone), a right tributary of the Pisciatello; the latter has its source in the Appennines, flows into the Adriatic 15 km north of Ariminum and today once again bears the name Rubicone. The R. replaced the Aesis in its role as the border river between Italy and the province of Gallia Cisalpina (Cic. Phil. 6,5; Str. 5,1,11; Plin. HN 3,115; App. B Civ. 2,35) in the time…

Foruli

(113 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Vicus of the Sabini, ager Amiterninus, by the source of the Aternus (modern Pescara) on a rock spur (Str. 5,3,1), after 1204 Civitatomassa (Scoppito, L'Aquila). On a side road of the via Salaria (restored in AD 47 as the via Claudia Nova; CIL IX 5959; Tab. Peut. 5,5 erroneously Erulos), 13 miles after Interocrium (modern Antrodoco), 4 miles before Amiternum. Mentioned in 211 BC because of the passing of Hannibal (Liv. 26,11,11); tribus Quirina. Roman remains. Epigraphy: CIL IX p. 417-420; 4395-4435. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography G. Filippi, s.v. F., EV 2…

Umbri, Umbria

(1,309 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) | Uggeri
[German version] I. Geography Central Italian people and the hilly and mountainous region (flysch in the north, Jurassic lime in the south) they inhabited. It is located in the drainage area of the upper and middle Tiber between the Etruscan Appennines and the Chiana Valley with a narrow access to the eastern coastal area. The mountains run from northwest to southeast, between them lie narrow, sparsely populated valleys and a few broader basins (Tiber Valley, the plain around Lake Trasimenus (Lacus …

Rostrata

(37 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Villa near Capena in the region of the Falisci which served as a statio on the via Flaminia between Rome and Ocriculum, 24 Roman miles from Rome (It. Ant. 124). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)

Setia

(166 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | Tribus | Coloniae | Latini, Latium City in Volsci territory on the Ufens (modern Ufente) river in the Ager Pomptinus , modern Sezze. Founded in 382 BC as a Latin colonia (Vell. 1,14), S. set itself against Rome in the Latin War in 340 (Liv. 8,3) and in the Second Punic War in 209 BC (Liv. 27,9; 29,15,5). In 198 BC slaves together with Carthaginian hostages and prisoners interned in S. revolted (Liv. 32,26,5-18). Parts of the city walls have survive…

Lavinium

(455 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Tribus | Latini, Latium | Oracles City in Latium ( Latini) on the Numicus, 4 km from the coast, modern Pratica di Mare. In order to create a new home for the Penates of Troy [1], L. was founded by Aeneas [1] according to the Augustan form of the myth and named after his wife Lavinia, the daughter of Latinus. L. is mentioned in the first treaty between Rome and Carthage (Pol. 3,22), was the place of exile of Tarquinius Collatinus [2] and the location of the sanctuary of the Latin League of which L. was a member. L. was a municipium and always p…

Anagnia

(190 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Tribus Town of the  Hernici on a tufa outcrop, which dominates the Sacco valley; sanctuary near the acropolis (modern S. Cecilia; 7th cent. BC), a further one in the valley (Osteria della Fontana, Etruscan graffiti). Roman from 306 BC, first as   praefectura , then   municipium . Travertine walls in opus quadratum; thermae under the church of S. Chiara ( piscina preserved);   villae in the vicinity, of which one is ascribed to Cicero; imperial villa magna; catacombs. From AD 487 bishop's seat. The circus maritimus Anagninus was m…

Florentia

(426 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] [1] City in North-Etruria This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | | Coloniae | Regio, regiones | Rome | Rome City in North-Etruria, regio VII, on the right bank of the Arnus below  Faesulae, modern Florence. Settlement from the Villanova period [3]. Roman colony, possibly founded in the 40s or 30s of the first cent. BC (Tac. Ann. 1,79,1; [6. 1,213]), tribus Scaptia [5. 84]. The choice of site for its founding was made favourable by a ford over the Arnus, used from the time of the Villanova culture, where the via Cassia (It. Ant. 285; Tab. Peut. 4,2), the via Quinct…

Ferentis, Ferentium

(287 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Town in southern Etruria ( regio VII), attested in the 8th/6th cents. BC on an outlier of the Poggio San Francesco (305 m), modern Ferento, 9 km north of Viterbo, on an elevation between eastern tributaries of the Tiber. In the Roman period relocated to the Northeast on the other side of the river (306 m; Pianicara). Its territory was distributed under the Gracchi [1. 216]; municipium, tribus Stellatina. The gens Salvia as well as Otho (Tac. Hist. 2,50; Suet. Otho 1,1) and Flavia Domitilla (Suet. Vesp. 3) came from F. The town decayed in the late…

Auginus mons

(18 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Possibly Cimone in the Apennines, worshipped as sacred (Liv. 39,2). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
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