Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Kohl, Benjamin G." ) OR dc_contributor:( "Kohl, Benjamin G." )' returned 39 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Ravagnani, Benintendi de’

(429 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1317-65. Italy. Venetian chancellor. Author of a reworking and continuation of Andrea Dandolo's chronicles and possibly of an account of the siege of Zara in 1346, all in Latin. Born in Chioggia, Ravagnani began government service as a notary in the Venetian chancery, served as chancellor of Zadar in 1346-47, and was promoted to the rank of Grand Chancellor in 1352. Ravagnani established a friendship with Francesco Petrarca on his visit to Venice in January 1354, which he renewed on a…
Date: 2016-10-17

Caresini, Raffaino

(365 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Raphaynus de Caresinis] 1314-90. Italy. Venetian chancery official and chronicler of Venetian history 1343-88. Born at Cremona in Lombardy in about 1314 and trained in the notarial arts, Caresini first appears as a public notary in Venice in 1334. He soon found work in the Venetian chancery, serving as notary of the Council of Forty in 1343, and rose through the ranks to become the grand chancellor of the Venetian Republic following the death of Benintendi Ravignani in 1365. He was amon…
Date: 2016-10-17

Ferreti, Ferretto de'

(428 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1294-1337. Italy. Vicentine notary and historian, who wrote a long history of events in northern Italy between 1250 and 1318, as well as a poem on the origins of the della Scala family. Born in Vicenza in 1294 into a family of judges and notaries, Ferreto de' Ferreti was trained as a notary in his native city and elected head (gastaldo) of the College of Notaries in 1320. In addition to his work in city government, Ferreti studied ancient authors, mainly the Latin poets, wrote a number of priapic verses (which survive only in fragments) and a long poem o…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronica Venetiarum

(356 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
14th century. Italy. A largely derivative Latin chronicle of the history of Venice from its founding to 1358, commonly attributed to Piero di Giustiniano Giustinian ( Venetiarum historia vulgo Petro Iustiniano Iustiniani filio adiudicata) and completed sometime after 1358. The earlier part of the chronicle makes no pretense to originality and is dependant on the earlier Venetian histories, such as the anonymous Chronicon Altinate and Historia ducum Venetorum, and especially the Chronica brevis of Andrea Dandolo. The narrative is organized by doge-ship and then by ye…
Date: 2016-10-17

Giustinian, Bernardo

(525 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1408-89. Italy. Major Venetian humanist, diplomat and historian. Born into one of the city's most illustrious noble families, the son of statesman Leonardo and nephew of Venice's first patriarch, the blessed Lorenzo Giustinian, Bernardo received a superb humanist education, counting among his teachers, Guarino da Verona, Francesco Filelfo and George of Trebizond. He was fluent in Italian and Latin, with a fine knowledge of classical Greek. One of his first works was a Latin version of…
Date: 2016-10-17

Iacopo Piacentino

(238 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Iacopus Placentinus, Giacomo da Piacenza] 14th century. Italy. Born in Piacenza at the end of the 13th century, Iacopo da Piacenza served as a public notary in the ducal chancery of the Venetian Republic from 1317, sometimes acting as an envoy on missions to Sicily and other states. In 1340 he was charged with trading state secrets to Venice's enemies, fined and dismissed from office. He ended his days as a schoolmaster in Venice, probably murdered in a local quarrel in 1349. His major work is a Latin prose ch…
Date: 2016-10-17

Vergerio, Pier Paolo

(346 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1370-1444. Italy. Humanist, educational theorist, and church reformer. Wrote Latin biographies of the first seven lords of the da Carrara family who ruled over Padua in the 14th century. Born in Istria, Vergerio spent his most formative years, from 1390 to 1405, in Padua, where he was a student at the university and tutor to the sons of the ruling lord, Francesco Novello da Carrara. There he wrote his widely circulated treatise on education, De ingenuis moribus et liberalibus studiis adolescentiae (On teaching young people noble habits and the liberal arts), and composed his De principib…
Date: 2016-10-17

Caroldo, Gian Giacomo

(385 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
ca 1480-1538. Italy. Venetian chancery official and diplomat, who wrote a vernacular history of Venice from its origins to 1382. Born in Venice and trained as a notary, Caroldo entered the Venetian chancery in 1496 and was soon employed on various diplomatic missions, including trips to England, Spain and Constantinople. During the War of the League of Cambrai, he served on missions to Milan, and in 1517 to the king of France. The following year he returned to Venice, securing the pos…
Date: 2016-10-17

Dolfin, Zorzi

(335 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Giorgio] 1396 - ca 1458. Italy. Venetian diplomat and office-holder, who wrote a history of Venice that provides the most detailed account of the city under the rule of Doge Francesco Foscari (1427-57). His Cronica de la nobel cita de Venetia e de la sua provintia et de destretto (Chronicle of the noble city of Venice, of its province and of its district) is a typical vernacular chronicle of Venice, beginning with the passion of Christ and largely derivative of other authors, in this case Antonio Morosini, down to the early Quattrocento. For…
Date: 2016-10-17

Gesta magnifica domus carrariensis

(426 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
(Magnificent deeds of the house of Carrara) late 14th century. Italy. An anonymous compendium of lives of the leaders of the Carrara family in Padua from the early 11th until the late 14th century. The several versions of the Gesta magnifica domus carrariensis survive in four redactions, two in Latin and two in Paduan dialect. According to the research of Roberto Cessi and Marino Zabbia, the original version (now lost) was composed at the Carrara court in the 1360s and rewritten in the 1370s by the curial notary Bernardo da Caselle, who added a number of cha…
Date: 2016-10-17

Sabellico, Marcantonio Coccio

(468 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Coccius Marcus Antonius Sabellicus] 1436-1506. Italy. Public historian of Venice. Born at Vicovaro in the Roman Campagna, whence he took the name Sabellicus, a poetic form of Sabinus, Marcantonio Coccio studied classics with Domizio Calderini and Pomponius Laetus in Rome, where he composed a number of Latin poems and elegies. In 1472 he left Rome for Friuli to join the household of the bishop of FeltreAngelo Fasolo, he was vicar of the patriarch of Aquileia, and Latin teacher at the comm…
Date: 2016-10-17

Giovanni da Nono

(415 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Iohannes de Nono] ca 1275-1347. Italy. Notary and author of fanciful chronicles on the origins, topography and leading families of late medieval Padua. Born near Padua, Giovanni da Nono took his name from his family's ancestral village of Naone west of the city. In 1306 he matriculated in Padua's College of Judges and served intermittently as a judge in the communal government until his death in 1347. He wrote a tripartite work on medieval Padua, sometimes entitled Liber Ludi Fortune (Book of the Fortune's game), of which only the second part has been edited.The very short first part, …
Date: 2016-10-17

Barbaro, Giosafat

(372 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1413-94. Italy, Persia, Russia. Venetian diplomat, merchant and travel writer for Persia and Russia. Born in Venice into a noble family, Barbaro was admitted to the Great Council in 1431 and began his travels to Tana on the Sea of Azov as a merchant in 1436 and soon served as consul to the Venetian community there. During the following years he travelled extensively to cities along the Black Sea and to the Transcaucasus, where he observed the customs of the natives. Further travels br…
Date: 2016-10-17

Navagero, Andrea

(357 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1483-1529. Italy. Venetian poet, humanist, and diplomat, and supposed author in the vernacular of an official history of Venice from its origins to 1498. Born into a patrician family at Venice in 1483, he received a humanist education in his native city from Marcantonio Sabellico and Marcus Musurus (ca 1470-1517), and later worked with the scholarly printer Aldus Manutius (1449/50-1515) as an editor of such Roman authors as Cicero, Quintilian, Virgil, Ovid and Lucretius. In 1516 he wa…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chinazzo, Daniel

(296 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
d. 1428. Italy. Trevisan druggist and public official at end of 14th century. Wrote most detailed contemporary account of the War of Chioggia (1378-81) between Venice and forces of Genoa, king of Hungary and lord of Padua. Born the son of a mercenary captain, Biachino called Chinazzo, at Motta di Livenza in the Trevisano, Daniele di Chinazzo was orphaned early but was able to keep his inheritance thanks to the intervention of the Venetian Senate. He learned the trade of apothecary in Venice, which he later…
Date: 2016-10-17

Sanudo, Marin Torsello, il Vecchio

(809 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1270-1343. Italy. Venetian merchant, diplomat, historian and propagandist for renewing the crusade against the Ottoman Turks in the early 14th century. Born in Venice into a family instrumental in the Venetian settlement of the islands of the Aegean after the Fourth Crusade, Sanudo spent his early career as a merchant in the Levant. He visited Acre before its fall to the Turks and represented his father in dealings with his cousins, the dukes of Naxos. By 1300 he was a member of the household of the canon lawyer a…
Date: 2016-10-17

Petrarca, Francesco

(368 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Petrarch] 1304-74. Italy. Latin humanist and Italian lyric poet who wrote two major works of history containing mainly biographies of and anecdotes concerning ancient figures, De viris illustribus (Of illustrious men) and Rerum memorandarum libri (Books of facts to be remembered). Born at Arezzo into an exiled Florentine family, Petrarca grew up in Avignon. After abandoning legal studies at Bologna, he embarked on a church career (taking minor orders) in the service of Cardinal Giovanni Colonna. In the 1330s he acquired a house…
Date: 2016-10-17

Gatari, Galeazzo and Bartolomeo

(449 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
14th-15th century. Italy. Galeazzo (1344-1405) and Bartolomeo (1380-1439) were the father and son authors of a history in the vernacular of the rule of the Carrara family over Padua from 1318 to 1405. Born in Padua into a merchant family from Bologna, Galeazzo practiced the trade of apothecary all his life, but by the 1370s he become a loyal servant of the Carrara regime, undertaking several diplomatic missions. He later held the office of treasurer of the Carrara household, which gave him acces…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronicon Estense

(273 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
14th century. Italy. Anonymous, annalistic account of the history of Ferrara, focussing on the Este dynasty, from 1095 to 1393, with additions to 1478. The author of the chronicle is unknown, but the detailed knowledge of the domestic history of the Este family suggests a notary working in the dynasty's chancery.The chronicle begins in the framework of a universal history in 328 with an account of the martyrdom of Saint Ursula and is a derivative annalistic account until the rise of Ghibelline power in northeast Italy in the 13th century. With the election of the Este dynasty as th…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronicon Marchiae Tarvisinae et Lombardiae

(305 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Annales Sanctae Iustinae patavini] late 13th century. Italy. Anonymous prose chronicle of the political events in northeast Italy 1207-70. Composed between 1289 and 1293, perhaps as often asserted by a monk at the Benedictine monastery of Santa Giustina in Padua, but more likely by a Veronese author; Botteghi argues for a partisan of the Este house and the Guelf party.The work provides a narrative of the political events of the cities of northeast Italy, especially Padua, Verona, Vicenza and Ferrara, from the point of view of a partisan to the Guelf ca…
Date: 2016-10-17

Morosini, Antonio

(379 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
ca 1365 - post 1433. Italy. Author of a vernacular chronicle of Venice from 1095 to 1433, especially full after 1414, when it becomes a diary of Venetian politics and commercial affairs. Born into the influential Morosini noble family in Venice in the late 14th century, son of Marco. Little is known of his career, except that he undertook to write a history of his native city in Venetian dialect from its origins until his death in 1433. The earlier portion on the history of Venice from its founding until 1095 was later lost, and much of t…
Date: 2016-10-17

Mussato, Albertino

(1,411 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1261-1329. Italy. Padua's leading statesman, poet and historian in the first quarter of the 14th century, Mussato wrote major historical works on the descent of Emperor Henry VII into Italy and its aftermath in the Trevisan March. He was born in Padua in 1261. Giovanni da Nono suggested in his Liber de generatione aliquorum civium urbis Padue, tam nobilium, quam ignobiliumthat Mussato wasthe illegitimate son of a local noble. However, the illegitimate nature of Mussato's birth is far from certain. It should also be mentioned that Mussato is a nickname, n…
Date: 2016-10-17

Cadamosto, Alvise

(335 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Alvise da Mosto; da Ca' da Mosto] 15th century. Italy. Venetian merchant and travel writer who explored the coast of West Africa and discovered the Cape Verde Islands in 1455-57. Born into a Venetian noble family at its palace, Ca' da Mosto, Alvise da Mosto travelled frequently as a young man on Venetian merchant fleets to North Africa, Alexandria, Crete and Flanders (1445-52). On a voyage to Flanders in 1454, adverse winds forced his ship to make an unplanned stop at Cape St. Vincent, where he soon e…
Date: 2016-10-17

Sanudo, Marin, il Giovane

(1,168 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Marino Sanuto] 1466-1536. Italy. The major historian working in Venice in the late 15th and early 16th century. Famous for his monumental lives of the doges to 1494 and his massive diary of contemporary politics from 1496 to 1533, Sanudo was also the author of works on Venice's institutions and their history, Venice's war with Ferrara in the 1480s, and the French invasion of Italy. Born on 22nd May 1466 into one of the most ancient families of the Venetian patriciate, he attended the chancery school of San Marco after the early death of his father. There he st…
Date: 2016-10-17

Benzo of Alessandria

(338 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Bentius Alexandrinus] d. ca 1330. Italy. Chancery official and chronicler from Piedmont and author of a universal history in Latin prose, with excerpts in verse. Born in Alessandria in the second half of the 13th century, Benzo was by profession a notary and probably studied the ars dictaminis and Latin authors at the University of Bologna. While serving as a notary at the curia of the bishop of Como from 1295 to 1325, he composed a vast encyclopedia in three parts. From 1325 to 1329 he served as a notary in the court of Cangrande della Sca…
Date: 2016-10-17

Barbaro, Niccolò

(347 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
d. post 1453. Italy, Byzantium. Venetian physician, author of vivid, eyewitness diary in Venetian dialect on the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Born in Venice at the beginning of the 15th century, Barbaro was trained in medicine and arrived in Constantinople as a ship's doctor on one of the Venetian great galleys in 1451. When the siege of Constantinople was mounted in the spring of 1453, Barbaro was surgeon with the Venetian fleet moored in the harbour, and thus well positioned as an observer of events both on land and on …
Date: 2016-10-17

Contarini, Ambrogio

(317 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1429-99. Italy and Persia. Venetian merchant, government official and diplomat. Author of a detailed account of his embassy to the king of Persia in 1474-77. Born into a distinguished noble family in Venice, Contarini was admitted to the city's Great Council in 1447, and took up residence as a merchant in Constantinople soon after its fall to the Turks. He returned to Venice at the outbreak of the Veneto-Turkish War in 1463, conducting trade in the western Mediterranean before assuming command of a war galley against the Turks in the Aegean in 1470.In December 1473 Contarini was appoin…
Date: 2016-10-17

Maurisio, Gerardo

(366 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
ca 1173-1237. Italy. Born in Vicenza into a family of notaries and judges, Maurisio studied the ars dictaminis under the famous rhetorician Boncompagno da Segni as well as civil law at Bologna. He returned to Vicenza to serve his commune as procurator in 1198, when he was captured at Bassano by Paduan forces and was held prisoner for a time. In his maturity he made a career as an attorney of his city, styling himself cauxidicus vicentinus.His chronicle departs from the annalistic traditions of Italian town history and is rather an account of the careers of three generat…
Date: 2016-10-17

Contarini, Francesco

(253 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1421-75. Italy. Venetian diplomat, statesman and historian, whose Historia Etruria (History of Etruria), written in the manner of Caesar's Commentaries, provides a detailed portrait of Tuscan politics in 1454-5. He studied at the University of Padua where he earned his doctorate in arts in 1442 and in law in 1453, and lectured in philosophy. He served as Venice's ambassador to Bologna from 1451, and to Siena 1454-5, returning to Venice to serve several terms as a "Savio di terra ferma", before his election as Veni…
Date: 2016-10-17

Cortusio, Guglielmo

(300 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Guillelmus de Cortusiis] ca 1285 - post 1361. Italy. Paduan judge, diplomat and chronicler. Born in Padua into a family of notaries, Cortusio was soon made a member of the local College of Judges, in which he often held the office of rector ( gastaldo). He gained wide experience in public affairs as ambassador to Emperor Lewis of Bavaria and the della Scala lords of Verona as well as an official in Padua's communal government.Cortusio put this experience to good use in his Chronica de novitatibus Padue et Lombardie (Chronicles of the novelties of Padua and Lombardy), which is a de…
Date: 2016-10-17

Liber Regiminum Padue

(216 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Chronicon Patavinum] 12th century. Italy. Anonymous prose chronicle which covers Paduan history from 1174 to 1399 and has common sources with Rolandino and the Chronicon Marchiae Tarvisinae et Lombardiae .The Liber Regiminum Paduae (Book of the governments of Padua) survives in several redactions, all going back to 1174, when a fire destroyed all of Padua's government records, including lists of office-holders. The treatment is primitive and annalistic, organized by year within the framework of podestarie and owing much to earlier versions of the Annales patavini. Thus, the Liber…
Date: 2016-10-17

Marzagaia da Lavagno

(311 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
fl 1372-1425. Italy. Veronese schoolmaster. Author of De gestis modernis (on modern events), a compendium of historical anecdotes about the della Scala and Carrara lords in the late 14th century. By 1372, Marzagaia was employed as a preceptor at the Scaliger court in Verona, where he numbered Antonio and Bartholomeo della Scala among his pupils, with whom he studied Valerius Maximus's collection of memorable deeds and sayings from the first century ad. After the fall of the della Scala family in 1387, he served as a schoolmaster in Cividale in 1390-93, but soon re…
Date: 2016-10-17

Andreas de Reduciis de Quero

(223 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Redusio, Andrea, di Quero] 1365-1442. Italy. Statesman, chancellor and chronicler of Treviso in the late Middle Ages. Born at Quero in the Trevisano, son of Taddeo Redusio, into a wealthy family of merchants, notaries and soldiers, Andrea studied Latin grammar and rhetoric at the University of Padua during the 1380s and soon found employment as a notary in Treviso. He entered Venetian service as a solider when he participated in the reconquest of Castelnuovo in 1411 and later served as t…
Date: 2016-10-17

D'Alessio, Nicoletto

(374 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
ca 1320 - 1393. Italy. Notary and historian, author of a narrative of the border war of 1372-73 between Padua and Venice. Born in Koper in Slovenia around 1320, Nicoletto d'Alessio was educated in arts and letters at the University of Padua before entering service in the Venetian chancery. His participation in the uprising of his native city against Venice in 1348 lead to his arrest, imprisonment, and eventual exile. After 1362 he spent his career as a notary and later chancellor of the court of the Carrara dynasty in Padua.For his account of the Venice-Padua war, probably put in fin…
Date: 2016-10-17

Boccaccio, Giovanni

(390 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1313-75. Italy. Major prose author of the Trecento, storyteller, humanist, and biographer of famous women and men from all ages of history. Born in Florence, or Certaldo, the illegitimate son of a Tuscan merchant, Boccaccio turned to literary studies after unhappy experiences working for the Bardi bank in Naples and as a student of canon law. His early works were tales of love, culminating in his most famous work, the Decameron, a collection of 100 vernacular novellas written soon after the Black Death. In his later years, Boccaccio turned to humanistic studies, w…
Date: 2016-10-17

Dolfin, Pietro

(439 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1427-1506. Italy. Venetian merchant, politician, and author of Annali Veneti (Venetian Annals), a political history of Venice from its origins to 1506 written in Italian. Born in Venice, son of the statesman and historian Zorzi Dolfin, whose chronicle he continued, Pietro was admitted to the Maggior Consiglio at the age of eighteen in September 1445. He assumed several public offices in Venice: as officer on the armed galleys to Alexandria in 1450, as official at the Messeteria in 1452, and lawyer in the…
Date: 2016-10-17

Savonarola, Michele

(341 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
1385-1466. Italy. Paduan physician and medical writer, who composed a panegyric to his native city, organized around the lives of famous citizens. Born into a family of commoners, he studied arts and medicine at the University of Padua, where he later served as promoter of many doctoral candidates, lectured on Avicenna, and taught medicine. In 1440 he moved to Ferrara where he served as court physician to Niccolò III d'Este, and later to Leonello and Borso d'Este, to whom he dedicated his study on mineral baths ( De balneis). He also wrote medical treatises on pregnancy, fevers, an…
Date: 2016-10-17

Dandolo, Enrico

(362 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
14th century. Italy. He was born in Venice early in the century, into the powerful Dandolo family, perhaps a kinsman of the doge Andrea Dandolo, but otherwise little is known of his life. His major work is Cronica veneta dall'origine della città al 1373 (Chronicle of Venice from its origin to 1373).The earlier part of the Chronica borrows heavily from other historians, whereas the latter parts consciously depart from the medieval annalist tradition. The section 1350-73 is original and detailed, valuable for its attention to economic factors, but col…
Date: 2016-10-17

Aylini, Iohannes, de Maniaco

(227 words)

Author(s): Kohl, Benjamin G.
[Giovanni Ailini da Maniago] d. post-1389. Italy. Notary and chronicler of the history of Friuli and its neighbours from 1366 to 1388. A native of Maniago in Friuli, Giovanni di Ailino came from a family of notaries, active in Friuli in the 14th century. His Historia belli Foroiuliensis (History of the war of Friuli) is a narrative with some lacunae of the political history of Friuli from the election of Marquando of Randeck as patriarch of Aquileia in 1366 until the death of his successor, patriarch Philippe d'Alençon (nephew of Philip VI) …
Date: 2016-10-17
▲   Back to top   ▲