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Hostilia, Quarta

(48 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] In zweiter Ehe Gattin des C. Calpurnius [I 9] Piso (Consul 180 v.Chr.); vergiftete angeblich ihren Mann im Amt, um ihrem Sohn aus erster Ehe, Q. Fulvius [I 11] Flaccus, zum Konsulat zu verhelfen, und wurde deshalb verurteilt (Liv. 40,37,5-7). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Heius

(66 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Lat. Eigenname (Schulze 459). [English version] H., C. Um 75 v.Chr. angesehener und reicher Bürger der sizilischen Stadt Messana. Aus seinem Besitz raubte Verres vier berühmte griech. Statuen und wertvolle Teppiche (Cic. Verr. 2,4,3-19; 27). Trotzdem trat er 70 im Auftrag seiner Gemeinde als Entlastungszeuge für Verres in Rom auf, belastete ihn jedoch im Kreuzverhör Ciceros (Verr. 2,2,13; 4,15-19; 150; 5,47). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Malleolus

(36 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] [1] s. Pfeil s. Pfeil Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] röm. Cognomen Cognomen (von malleus, “Hammer”) in der Familie der Publicii in republikanischer Zeit. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 342.

Mucianus

(58 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen, zunächst die Adoption aus der Familie der Mucii bezeichend. Bes. verbreitet in der Familie der Licinii, dann auch bei weiteren gentes. Prominenteste Träger sind L. Licinius [I 19] Crassus Dives M. ( cos. 131 v.Chr.) und C. Licinius [II 14] M. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Degrassi, FCIR, 259 2 Ders., FCap, 146 3 Kajanto, Cognomina, 18; 32; 158.

Camillus

(65 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen vermutlich etr. Herkunft (Schulze, 290, 322; ThlL, Onom. 120-122) wohl mit camillus zusammenhängend in der Bed. “edelgeborener unerwachsener Knabe”, dann “Opferdiener” (Fest. 38; 82L; Varro ling. 7,34 u.a.). In republikanischer Zeit ist C. Familienbeiname der Furii; berühmtester Träger ist M. Furius C., Eroberer von Veii 396 v.Chr. und Retter Roms nach der Gallierkatastrophe. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Walde/Hofmann 1, 147.

Figulus

(31 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen (“Töpfer”), in den Fasten der republikanischen Zeit für die Familie der Marcii und den Schriftsteller P. Nigidius F. bezeugt. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina 322.

Folius

(137 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Röm. Gentilname (ältere Form inschr. Foslius, InscrIt 13,1,37, F. [3]), in der frühen Republik nur für die Familie der patrizischen Folii bezeugt, die Ende des 4. Jh. v.Chr. ausstarb; später geläufiger Eigenname nichtsenatorischer Familien. [English version] [1] Pontifex maximus, getötet von Kelten 387 v.Chr. Pontifex maximus, blieb bei der Einnahme Roms durch die Kelten 387 v.Chr. mit anderen Greisen in Rom und wurde getötet (Liv. 5,41,3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] F. Flaccinator, M. Consulartribun 433 v.Chr. Consulartribun 433 v.Chr. (Liv. 4,25…

Trigeminus

(13 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig
[English version] Röm. Cognomen (“Drilling”), Curiatius. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 295.

Saburra

(56 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] ( Saborra). Feldherr Iubas [1] von Numidien, 49 v. Chr. am Sieg über Caesars Statthalter C. Scribonius Curio beteiligt, 46 von dem Caesarianer P. Sittius geschlagen und getötet (Caes. civ. 2,38-42; Bell. Afr. 48,1; 93,3; 95,1; App. civ. 2,181-186; 4,232; Frontin. strat. 2,5,40). Lucanus (4,722) schreibt aus metr. Gründen Sabbura. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Krixos

(58 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] (lat. Crixus). Mit Spartacus einer der Führer des großen Sklavenaufstandes 73 v.Chr. Nachdem K. sich Anf. 72 vom Hauptheer getrennt hatte, wurden seine Truppen in Apulien vom Consul L. Gellius [4] und dem Propraetor Q. Arrius [I 4] geschlagen, er selbst fand den Tod (Sall. hist. 3,96 M.; Liv. per. 95f.; App. civ. 1,540-543 u.a). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Imperios(s)us

(28 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen, übermäßige persönliche Härte bezeichnend, in republikanischer Zeit in der Familie der Manlier (Manlius) im 4. Jh. v.Chr. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 266.

Get(h)a

(47 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen (“der Gete”), in republikanischer Zeit des C. Licinius G. ( cos. 116 v.Chr.) und des C. Hosidius G., in der Kaiserzeit - in der Form Geta - auch bei den Hosidii und Septimii. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCIR 253 Kajanto, Cognomina 204.

Scaurus

(28 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig
[English version] Röm. Cogn. (“mit hervorstehenden Knöcheln”), in republikanischer Zeit in den Familien der Aemilii (Aemilius [I 37-38]) und Aurelii (Aurelius [17-18]). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 242.

Aternius

(54 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Patrizischer Gentilname, früh verschwunden, in der Kaiserzeit vereinzelt Name von Sklaven und Freigelassenen (Schulze 269; ThlL 2,1022). A. Varus Fontinalis erließ als Konsul 454 v.Chr. ein Gesetz über die Bezahlung von Strafen; 448 angeblich als Patrizier in das Kollegium der Volkstribunen kooptiert (Liv. 3,65,1; MRR 1,42f.; 50). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Asina

(15 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Beiname (“die Eselin”) in der Familie der Cornelier. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Cicereius

(78 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Seltener röm. Familienname. [English version] C., C. zunächst Schreiber des Scipio Africanus Maior, 173 v.Chr. nach vorhergehender, freiwillig zurückgezogener Bewerbung praetor mit Sardinien als Provinz. Nach dem Sieg über die Korsen triumphierte er gegen den Willen des Senats 172 in monte Albano; 168 weihte er einen der Iuno Moneta gelobten Tempel. 167 Kommissionsmitglied zur Neuordnung von Illyrien. (MRR 1,408; 435). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography E. Badian, The scribae of the Roman Republic, in: Klio 71, 1989, 584.

Naso

(44 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Weitverbreitetes röm. Cognomen (“großnasig”), das allerdings in sozial hochgestellten Familien der Republik nicht vorkommt; bei einzelnen Trägern ist die Familie nicht zu ermitteln. Prominentester Träger ist der Dichter P. Ovidius N. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 237 2 Walde/Hofmann 2, 146.

Hispallus

(28 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Beiname (“Spanier”) des Cn. Cornelius [I 78] Scipio H. (cos. 176); in der Form Hispanus bei seinem Sohn Cornelius [I 79]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Gallonius

(83 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Familienname, auch Galonius, Calonius (Schulze 171), Namensträger sind inschr. mehrfach bezeugt, aber histor. unbedeutend. [English version] [1] G., C. Stadtkommandant von Gades 49 v.Chr. Röm. Ritter, war 49 v.Chr. von L. Domitius [I 8] Ahenobarbus zu einer Erbschaftsregelung nach Gades geschickt worden, wurde dort im Bürgerkrieg Stadtkommandant, räumte aber den Platz vor Caesar (Caes. civ. 2,18,2; 20,2f.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] G., P. Schlemmer bei Lucilius 1238 M. Als Schlemmer und Prasser durch Lucilius (1238 M.) sprichwörtlich geworden. El…

Annius Fetialis

(29 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Historiker wohl des 1. Jhs. n. Chr., bei Plin. nat. mehrfach als Quelle benannt (HRR 12 317). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Schanz/Hosius 2, 649.

Aburius

(88 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] [1] C., röm. Gesandter (171 v. Chr) C., Gesandter an König Masinissa und die Karthager 171 v. Chr.; sein Nachkomme vielleicht der Münzmeister C. Aburius Geminus 134 (MRR 1, 418; RRC 276). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] M., Volkstribun 187 v. Chr. M., versuchte als Volkstribun 187 v. Chr. den Triumph des M. Fulvius Nobilior zu verhindern (Liv. 39,4-6); Praetor inter peregrinos 176 (Liv. 41,14; 15). Sein Nachkomme vielleicht der Münzmeister M. Aburius Geminus 132 (MRR 2,369; 400; RRC 280). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Cossus

(61 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen, maybe of Etruscan origin and probably initially a praenomen (Schulze, 158, 519; Kajanto, Cognomina 178). Nickname of one of the oldest branches of the Cornelii ( Cornelius [I 20-22]). Meaning as the nickname ‘woodworm’ is uncertain [1], in the early imperial period also a praenomen of some Cornelii Lentuli (Cornelius [II 26-27]). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Walde/Hofmann 1,281

Dexter

(25 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Widespread Roman cognomen in the families Afranius, Calpurnius, Cassius, Cestius, Claudius, Cornelius, Domitius, Egnatius, Nummius, Pomponius, Subrius, Turpilius. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Rufillus

(44 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Fictitious Roman cognomen, affectionate form of Rufinus (as in Hor. Sat. 1,2,26 f.; cf. 1,4,92 for an overbred dandy). Rufilla was the name of an alleged lover of Octavianus (Augustus) (Suet. Aug. 69,2). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 27; 229.

Pansa

(78 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen; according to ancient tradition a reference to a ‘ flatfoot’ (Plaut. Merc. 640; Plin. HN 11,254; Quint. Inst. 1,4,25); very common in the Imperial period. Its most famous bearer was C. Vibius Pansa ( cos. in 43 BC); the addressee of Cato's [1] speech In Pansam is not known (ORF I4, fr. 205). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCIR, 261  Degrassi, FCap 147  Kajanto, Cognomina, 105; 241  H. Rix, Das etruskische Cognomen, 1963, 249f.  Schulze, 242; 365.

Chrysogonus

(69 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Influential freedman of Sulla (therefore his full name L. Cornelius C.), who enriched himself significantly during the Proscriptions. He had Sex. Roscius retroactively placed on the Proscription list for the purpose of acquiring his property for little money. According to Cicero that is why he backed the patricide trial of the victim's son, Sex.  Roscius in 80 BC (Cic. Rosc. Am. passim). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Apustius

(122 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Plebeian gentile name probably of Etruscan origin [1], inscriptions recorded up to the Imperial period (ThLL 2,294). [German version] [1] L. Legate 215 BC Legate 215 BC (Liv. 23,18,9; 11). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] P. Envoy 161 BC In 161 BC delegate to Ptolemy VII Physcon together with Cn.  Cornelius Lentulus (Pol. 31,20,4). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [3] Fullo, L. Cos. 226 BC cos. 226 BC. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [4] Fullo, L. Praetor urbanus 196 BC Probably son of no. 3, aedile in 201 BC, in 200 legate in Macedonia, 196 prae…

Rebilus

(23 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen occurring in the Caninii family (Caninius [3-5]) until the Imperial period. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCIR, 265.

Geganius

(141 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Name of a Roman patrician family, which according to tradition was politically significant in Rome during the 5th cent. BC, but then entirely disappeared. The gens supposedly came to Rome from Alba Longa under king Tullus Hostilius (Liv. 1,30,2; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 3,29,7); a later construction traced the family back to  Gyas, a companion of Aeneas (Serv. Aen. 5,117). [German version] [1] G. Macerinus, M. Cos III, censor 435 BC Consul I in 447 BC, II in 443 (triumph over the Volsci, InscrIt 13,1,67; Liv. 4,9f.), III in 437, censor in 435 with C. Furius [I 25] Pacilus; legate in 431. Elvers, Ka…

Curius

(291 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Plebian gentes name, attested from the beginning of the 3rd cent. BC onwards (ThlL, Onom. 2, 760-762). [German version] [1] Procos. between 47 and 45 BC Otherwise unknown proconsul between 47 and 45 BC (contact of Cic. Fam. 13,49). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] C., M. People's tribune 198 BC People's tribune in 198 BC, objected to the election of T.  Quinctius Flamininus as consul (Liv. 32,7,8). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [3] C., Q. Catalinarian, betrayed the conspiracy in 63 BC In 70 BC, as a former quaestor (?), he was expelled from the…

Musca

(21 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘Fly’) in the family of the Sempronii. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina 24; 85; 333.

Asellus

(39 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Roman cognomen Diminutive of asinus, nickname in the families of the Annians and Claudians, also common in the Imperial period. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 87, 325. [German version] [2] see Donkey see  Donkey

Ahala

(45 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen (= ala, the armpit), creation legend in Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 12,4,4-5 [1]. Famous as surname of the Servilii in the 5th cent. BC. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Mommsen, Röm. Forsch. 2, 1879, 209 ff. F. Münzer, s. v. Servilius, RE 2A, 1768.

Calvinus

(40 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Calvinus [1] see  Domitius [German version] Calvinus [2] Roman cognomen, in the Republican period particularly common in the  Domitii family, but also in the Sextii and Veturii (ThlL, Onom. 108). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 235.

Privernas

(24 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen ('Victor over“Privernum”'), byname of L. Aemilius [I 24] Mamercinus P. (perhaps invented later). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 182.

Nucula

(29 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, probable origin as a nickname, ‘nut’ (Fest. 176 L.; cf. Cic. De or. 2,253), Numisius [I 2]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 89; 337.

Aburius

(90 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] C., Roman envoy (171 BC) C., envoy to King Masinissa and the Carthaginians 171 BC; his offspring was possibly the mint master C. Aburius Geminus 134 (MRR 1, 418; RRC 276). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] Tribunus plebis (187 BC) M., attempted as tribunus plebis in 187 BC to prevent the triumph of M. Fulvius Nobilior (Liv. 39,4-6); Praetor inter peregrinos 176 (Liv. 41,14; 15). His offspring was possibly the mint master M. Aburius Geminus 132 (MRR 2,369; 400; RRC 280). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Heius

(80 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Latin proper name (Schulze 459). [German version] H., C. Around 75 BC a respected and rich citizen of the Sicilian city of Messana. Of his possessions  Verres stole four famous Greek statues and valuable carpets (Cic. Verr. 2,4,3-19; 27). In spite of this, in 70, on behalf of his community, he appeared in Rome for Verres as a witness for the defence but incriminated him in the cross-examination by Cicero (Verr. 2,2,13; 4,15-19; 150; 5,47). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Gurges

(33 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘Throat’, pejorative ‘Spendthrift’, Macrob. Sat. 3,13,7; cf. gurgulio), in the Republican period in the family of the Fabii. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina 269 Walde/Hofmann 1, 627f.

Lafrenius, T.

(41 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] One of the twelve praetors of the insurgent Italians during the Social War [3]. L. fell in 90 BC, in the battle against Ser. Sulpicius Galba (App. B Civ. 1,181; 204-206; ILLRP 1089). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Cn.

(33 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Abbreviation of the uncommon Lat. Praenomen Gnaeus (Old Lat. Gnaivos, Oscan Gnaivs, Etruscan cneve), from (g)naevus, ‘birthmark’, also abbreviated as Gn. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Walde/Hofmann, 1, 613 Salomies, 29f.

Centho

(30 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (perhaps of Etruscan origin) in the Claudian family [1. 149]; probably linked to cento ‘suit of rags’ [2. 200]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze 2 Walde/Hofmann I3.

Caedicius

(244 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Name of a plebeian lineage, attestable from the 5th cent. BC (ThlL, Onom. 18f.). [German version] [1] C., L. People's tribune in 475 BC People's tribune in 475 BC (MRR 1, 28). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] C., M. Roman, allegedly heard a divine voice near the Vesta temple in 391 BC allegedly heard a divine voice near the Vesta temple in 391 BC, warning him of the impending attack by the Gauls. In the same place, the sanctuary of  Aius Locutius was later erected. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [3] C., Q. Centurion against the Etruscans According to a later a…

Thalna

(17 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen probably of Etruscan origin, Iuventius [I 5-8]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Schulze, 94.

Annius Fetialis

(30 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman historian, probably of the 1st cent. AD, often cited as a source in Pliny's HN (HRR 12 317). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Schanz/Hosius 2, 649.

Calenus

(33 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (probably for descent from Cales) in the gens  Fufia in the 1st cent. BC; frequent epigraphical attestations in the imperial age (ThlL, Onom. 79). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Satureius

(32 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Tr. pl. in 133 BC, in a fight was the first to hit Ti. Sempronius [I 16] Gracchus with a chair leg (Plut. Ti. Gracchus 19,10). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Carvilius

(362 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Name of a plebeian (probably immigrant) family, attested in the 3rd-2nd cents. BC, but later disappeared (ThlL, Onom. 219f.; Schulze, 139, A.8; 403; 454). The quaestor and witness in the trial of Camillus in 391 BC, Sp. C. (MRR 1,93), may have been a later fabrication; there was also a chieftain of Britain by the name of C. (Caes. B Gall. 5,22,1). [German version] [1] C., L. Tribunus plebis 212 BC People's tribune in 212 BC, alongside Sp. C., perhaps his brother. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] C., Sp. Leader of a scribal school Freedman of Sp. C. Maximus Ruga, around 2…

Kaeso

(91 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] (also Caeso). Uncommon Latin praenomen, perhaps of Etruscan origin, abbreviated K.; according to ancient etymology it indicates a child born by Caesarean section (Liber de praenominibus 6; Fest. 50L; Plin. HN 7,47). Because K. appears among patrician families only in the Fabii and Quinctii, who were the first to hold the priesthood of the luperci, according to Mommsen it may denote the ritual ‘striking’ ( caedere) at the festival of the Lupercalia and originally have been the name of a lupercus ( Lupercal). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Salomies, 26f.

Aebutius

(340 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Roman nomen gentile, used since the 5th cent. BC. According to the fasti, members of the family of the Helvae served as consuls several times in the 5th cent. [German version] [1] Tribunus plebis (end of 2nd, beginning of 1st cent. BC) ) Probably tribunus plebis before 63 BC and after the Gracchi. Author of a lex Aebutia, which prohibited those proposing a law and their relatives from taking over a function created by the law (Cic. Leg. agr. 2,21 [1]). If A. still belongs to the second century, he may also be the author of a lex Aebutia about the introduction of formulaic procedure in trial …
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