Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Dexippus

(1,156 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 18/07/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dexippus | Δέξιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Neoplatonic1 scholar Dexippus, a disciple of Iamblichus2 (Simp. in Cat. 8, 2, 25ff.), cannot be identified with certainty with the historian P\. Herennius Dexippus3, as Johannes Tzetzes4 seems to do ( Hist. 274, 490-494); this hypothe…

Glaucus [2]

(3,321 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [2] | Γλαῦκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Samos Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucus was a grammarian of the Alexandrian1 age who may have lived before Aristophanes of Byzantium2; some consider him a Peripatetic3 of the early 3rd c. BCE. He is mentioned explicitly in a long passage on the doctrine of accentuation4 with…

Artemon [2]

(1,443 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 02/11/2005 - 11/10/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [2] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Cassandria Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Artemon of Cassandria lived in a period that does not antedate the second half of the 2nd c. BCE, as the terminus post quem established by the fact that he mentions the grammarian Dionysius Scytobrachion1 (At…

Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus

(8,200 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: first half of the 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, son of Hermias1, was born in Alexandria and was a crucial figure of 6th c. CE Neo-Platonism: he attended the lectures of Proclus2 at Athens, and then he served as director of the Academy of Alexan…

Neleus

(4,402 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Scepsi Data: 4°–3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Figlio del Corisco più volte citato da Aristotele (cfr. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 e Gottschalk 2000, 809–810), secondo Strabone (13, 1, 54) Neleo era originario di Scepsi e fu allievo di Aristotele (=> Aristoteles [1]) e Teofrasto (<=). Stando a…

Nicanor [2]

(2,137 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 26/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [2] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: Hellenistic Age? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identification of this grammarian, who was a native of Cyrene according to Athenaeus1 (7, 296d), with the Alexandrian Nicanor son of Hermias2 was maintained in the past by Vossius ( Hist. Gr., 16512, p. 263) and Gräfenhan ( Klass. Philol., 1…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Sopater [1]

(4,489 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version

Andronicus

(5,790 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 22/12/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andronicus | Ἀνδρόνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 1st c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Andronicus was a Peripatetic1 philosopher, and his edition of Aristotle’s2 school writings constituted an essential milestone in the transmission of the corpus and fostered the rebirth of Aristotelianism3 in the imperial age. The sour…

Praxiphanes

(8,822 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and …

Polyclitus

(1,189 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polyclitus | Πολύκλειτος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Polyclitus is known to us from only one source, the Quaestiones Homericae of Porphyry2 (pp. 42, 17-43, 25 Sodano), where his name has been conjecturally restored from a variously corrupt text (πολύκλυτ/π̣ο̣λ̣υ̣κλυτ/πολύκλυ…

Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus

(4,519 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πλατωνικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd-3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A Platonic philosopher named Ptolemy is mentioned in two texts of the Neoplatonist tradition: in a fragment within the On the Soul of Iamblichus1 (26, p. 54, 1–14 Finamore-Dillon) which is preserved by Stob…

Hippias [2]

(2,887 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hippias [2] | Ἱππίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Thasos Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about this scholar apart from his birthplace (Thasos); as far as his dating, the sole useful detail we have is the terminus ante quem established by the mention of him by Aristotle1 ( Poet. 25, 1461a21-23). The actua…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Palaephatus

(17,889 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 7/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Palaephatus | Παλαίφατος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Parion or Abydus? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 lexicon lists four people under the name of Palaephatus. After the legendary Athenian epic poet2 who was the author of mythological poems (cf. Sud.π 69), there are three other authors behind whom lies only on…

Porphyrius

(8,945 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: 232/4 CE–ca. 304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) or Batanea, in modern day Syria, Porphyry was called Malchus at birth – from the Semitic root meaning "king" – in honor of his father; t…

Herminus

(8,414 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herminus | Ἑρμῖνος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Pergamum? Date: 2nd c. CE (120–180/190 CE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The information that we have about the life of Herminus, an exegete of Aristotle’s1 works, who is mentioned among the teachers of Alexander of Aphrodisias2, is quite meager. Zeller (E. Zeller, Die Philosophie der Grieche…

Nicocles [2] Lacon

(2,220 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicocles [2] Lacon | Νικοκλῆς ὁ Λάκων Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know Nicocles Lacon only because he is cited twice by Didymus Chalcenterus1, who thus serves as a chronological terminus post quem non for him. In two passages of the Deipnosophistae2 (4, 17, 140d. 18, 141a), Athenaeus3 includes some criti…

Aristocles

(4,577 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Aristocles is included in a review of famous Rhodians by Strabo2 (14, 2, 13), who names him as one of his contemporaries (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We should probably identify th…

Aristoteles [3]

(1,580 words)

Author(s): Comunetti, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Comunetti and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristoteles [3] | Ἀριστοτέλης [3] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The existence of an Aristotle who studied the Iliad is documented by Diogenes Laertius1 (5, 35), who mentions him third in a list of eight men named Aristotle. Cohn (1895) seems to suggest the possibility that…
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