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Lacius

(146 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Λάκιος; Lákios, ‘the ragged one’). [German version] [1] Attic hero Attic hero, after whom the deme Laciadae was named; his heroon was on the Sacred Road to Eleusis (Paus. 1,37,2). Michel, Raphael (Basle)…

Kory(n)thos

(28 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κόρυ(ν)θος). Epithet of Apollo at Corone in Messene. He was worshipped as a healing god, following an ancient tradition (Paus. 4,34,7). Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Cinadus

(68 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κίναδος, Kínados, ‘Fox’). One of the helmsmen of  Menelaus. His tomb is said to have existed on the Laconian foothills of the Onugnathus (‘Donkey chin’) opposite the island of  Cythera, not far from a shrine to Athena, supposedly built by Agamemnon (Paus. 3,22,10). In the ‘Odyssey (Hom. Od. 3,282) he is called  Phrontis; however, this person was buried on Cape Sunium. Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Occasio

(95 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] Female personification of 'opportunity' or the 'favourable moment'. O. is the Roman equivalent of Greek Kairos, although there is far less literary evidence for it. O. is represented with winged shoes and a small wheel, as symbols of its unstable and fleeting nature, whereas its face is hidden by a forelock and the back of the head is bold, a symbol of the difficulty of recognizing and grasping the right moment (Dicta Catonis, Disticha 2,26; Auson. epigrammata 33 Prete). Michel, Raphael (Basle) Bibliography H. Rüdiger, Göttin Gelegenheit, in: Arcadia 1, 1966, 1…

Cychreus

(145 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κυχρεύς; Kychreús). Protective hero of the island of Salamis. Son of  Poseidon and Salamis, the daughter of Asopus (Paus. 1,35,2). He liberates the Island of  Salamis from a dreadful snake, thus making it habitable and becomes the first inhabitant and king of the island. As he has no sons, he transfers rule to  Telamon…

Mycena

(96 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Ceryx

(55 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κῆρυξ; Kêryx). Progenitor of the priestly lineage of Ceryces officiating in Eleusis, according to whom he was the son of Hermes and one of the three daughters of Cecrops,  Aglaurus [2],  Herse or  Pandrosus; according to another genealogy, he was the son of Eumolpus (schol. Soph. OC 1053). Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Ceisus

(108 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κεισός, Κίσσος; Keisós, Kíssos). Eldest son of the Heraclid  Temenus, king of Argus, and the brother of  Phalces, Cerynes, Aga…

Leukos

(50 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Λευκός/ Leukós, ‘the white’). Boeotian epithet of Hermes. The cult of Hermes L. was established due to an oracle which held that the Tanagraeans must sacrifice a boy and a girl in order to persist in the war against the Eretrians (schol. Lycoph. 680). Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Callidice

(111 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Clymenus

(322 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Κλύμενος; Klýmenos, ‘the famous’). [German version] [1] Epithet of Hades-Pluto Epithet of  Hades-Pluto, in the Argive  Hermion(e). The Demeter temple there is said to have been erected by C. and his sister Chthonia: When  Demeter arrives in Argolis, she is ignored by their father Phoroneus, and Chthonia disapproves of her father's behaviour. As punishment the father is burned, together with the house, but she is brought to Hermione to erect a sanctuary to Demeter. Thus, C. (Ov. Fast. 6,757) and Chthonia …

Laodamas

(196 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Cleisonymus

(54 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κλεισώνυμος; Kleisṓnymos, ‘Noted with Praise’; also Cleitonymus: Apollod. 3,176). Son of  Amphidamas [2] from Opus in Locria. He was accidentally slain by the young  Patroclus in a dispute during an  astragalos game, whereupon Patroclus was taken to safety with Peleus (Hom. Il. 23,84-90; Schol. Hom. Il. 12,1). Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Laocoosa

(61 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Λαοκόωσα; Laokóōsa). Daughter of Oebalus and wife to her own half-brother Aphareus [1]; mother of Idas, Lynceus (Theoc. 22.206) and Peisos (Apollod. 3.117). According to Apollodorus and Pherecydes (FGrH 3 F 127), her name was Arene (eponym of the homonymous Messenian town: Paus. 2,4,2), according to Peisander (FGrH 16 F 2) she was Polydora. …

Laerces

(62 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Λαέρκης/ Laérkēs, ‘where there is protection for warriors’). [German version] [1] Myrmidon A Myrmidon, son of Haemon, father of Alcimedon [2] (Hom. Il. 16,197; 17,467). Michel, Raphael (Basle) [German version] [2] Goldsmith from Pylos…

Cleoboea

(122 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Κλεόβοια; Kleóboia). [German version] [1] Virgin of the mysteries of Demeter A virgin who supposedly brought the mysteries of  Demeter from Paros to Thasos. In the famous pai…

Lampetus

(60 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Λάμπετος; Lámpetos). Hero of Lesbos. In the epic Λέσβου κτίσις/ Lésbou ktísis (‘The Founding of Lesbos’), preserved in fragments, Achilles devastates the island, slaying L. and the other heroes in the siege of Methymna (Anonymus FGrH 479 F 1; Parthenius 21). In later times a tomb is attributed to L. (Steph. Byz. s.v. Λαμπέτειον).…

Ceto

(62 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Callithoe

(162 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle) | Prescendi, Francesca (Geneva)
[German version] [1] Daughter of Celeus and Metaneira (Καλλιθόη, Kallithóe, ‘excelling in speed’). Oldest daughter of  Celeus, Ki…

Leuconoe

(234 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle) | Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Daughter of Phosphorus (Λευκονόη; Leukonóē). Daughter of Phosphoros. With Apollo the father, she is the mother of Philammon (Hyg. Fab. 161) whose mother is otherwise said to be Chione [2] or Philonis (Hyg. Fab. 200; Pherecydes FGrH 3 F 120; Conon FGrH 26 F 1,7). Michel, Raphael (Basle) Bibliography M. C. van der Kolf, s.v. Philonis, RE 20, 74-75. [German version] [2] Attic asty deme (Λευκονόη, Phot. s.v.). Records of the name: Suda s.v. Λευκόνιον, Harpocr. s.v. Λευκόνοιον/[ἐγ Λ]ευκονοίο (500/480 BC) [3]. The demotica in the 4th cent. BC alwa…
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