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De Rossi, Giovanni Battista

(612 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco | Graepler, Daniel
Italian Christian archaeologist and epigrapher. Born Rome 23. 2. 1822, di…

Volsci

(1,026 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
The Volsci, an Italian people in central Italy. [German version] I. Immigration and first clashes with Rome The V. migrated from the central Appenninus into the south of Latium (Latini) probably towards the end of the 6th cent. BC or the beginning of the 5th. This assumption is confirmed by the relationship between the Volscan and Umbrian dialects; cf. the inscription on the Tabula Veliterna (4th/3rd cent. BC; Vetter, no. 222). The legendary pre-history of the V. we know mainly from Vergil, who introduces the V.…

Bovianum

(242 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Coloniae Drawing on Plin. HN 3,107 ( colonia Bovianum vetus et alterum cognomine Undecumanorum), some people had concluded that there existed two B. in Samnium ( Samnites): B. Vetus (now …

Aequum Tuticum

(89 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] Important   mansio on the via Traiana at its crossing with the via Herculia in the territory of the  Hirpini (Itin. Anton. 112,2; alternative forms of the name: Equo tutico, Equum tuticum, Aequum tuticum, Aequo tutico, Equum magnum), modern San Eleuterio near Ariano Irpino. Aequum Tuticum (AT) was probably never raised to become a   municipium , but remained dependent on  Beneventum (cf. inscriptions found on two graves in AT: genius coloniae Beneventanae, CIL IX 1418; permissus decurionum coloniae Beneventanae, CIL IX 1419). Buonocore, Marco (Rome)

Caudium

(106 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars Capital of the Samnite  Caudini, modern Montesarchio; mansio on the via Appia between  Capua and  Beneventum, possibly municipium. Grave gifts, found in the necropolis near Montesarchio, indicate habitation from the 8th to the 3rd cents. BC. C. was twice enclosed by a walled circle; the later ring, established in the south-east of the town, was possibly built in conjunction with the

Caiatia

(109 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Coloniae Town of the  Caudini in Samnium at the junction of the roads connecting Capua, Allifae and Telesia, modern Caiazzo. Possibly a civitas sine suffragio prior to 306 BC, C. became a civitas foederata after the Second Punic War and, following the Social Wars, in 89 BC a municipium of the tribus Falerna, with II viri. Ther…

Cubulteria

(81 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)

Vestini

(559 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] (Οὐηστῖνοι/ Ouēstînoi). Italian people (name possibly Indo-European, cf. e.g. Vesta ) on the eastern slopes of the Appenninus, to the south of the Picentes (Str. 5,4,2), east of the Sabini (Str. 5,2,1; 5,3,1), and north of the Paeligni. From the time of Augustus onwards, their predominantly mountainous and barren territory (hunting, cattle husbandry, cf. Sil. Pun. 8,516 ff.; Plin. HN 11,241; Mart. 13,31) was part of Regio IV (Regio with map). By means of a conjecture in Plin. HN 3,107 (cf. Ptol. 3,1,59: settlements of the V.) [ Trasmontani; Aveiates] after Pennenses, […

Caudini

(34 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] Samnite tribe, capital  Caudium (Liv. 23,41,13; Plin. HN 3,105). Subjugated in 275 BC by L. Cornelius Lentulus, whose family from then on bore the cognomen of ‘Caudinus’. Buonocore, Marco (Rome)

Histonium

(89 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Oracles Coastal settlement of the Samnite Frentani, modern Vasto. Did probably not become a Roman municipium until after the Social War, tribus Arnensis ( quattuorviri; incorrect in the Liber coloniarum 2, 260, 10f. L.: colonia). No autonomous bishopric. Byzantine base (Kastron Reunias) in the 6th and 7th cents. Buonocore, Marco (Rome) Bibliography M. Buonocore, H., in: Supplementa Italica 2, 1983, 97-144 A. R. Staffa (ed.), Dall'antica Histonium al Castello del Vasto, 1995 A. R. Staffa, Vasto (H.), in:…

Beneventum

(273 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Theatre | | Coloniae | Coloniae | Regio, regiones | Rome City of the  Hirpini in Samnium on the confluence of Calore and Sabato, where the via Traiana branches off the via Appia, 11 miles distant from  Caudium. After the defeat of Pyrrhus in 275 BC, the original (Illyrian) name Mal(e)ventum (Liv. 9,27,14) was changed into B. As a co…

Aufidena

(128 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)

Hortona

(74 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)

Carricini

(99 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rome)
[German version] Central Italian tribe between the Frentani and the  Samnites, in whose territory lay the municipia Cluviae and Iuvanum of the regio IV ( Caraceni is transmitted, cf. Ptol. 3,1,66ff., but incorrect). Mentioned in connection with the Second Samnite War in 311 BC (Diod. Sic. 20,26,3f.; Liv. 9,31,2-5) and with the revolt of the Samnite Lollius against Rome, who in 269 BC found refuge with the C. (Zon. 8,7,1).…

Caudium

(97 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rom)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bundesgenossenkriege Hauptstadt der samnit. Caudini, h. Montesarchio; mansio an der via Appia zw. Capua und Beneventum, evtl. municipium. Grabbeigaben der Nekropole bei Montesarchio lassen auf eine Nutzung vom 8. bis 3.Jh. v.Chr. schließen. Zweimal mit einem Mauerring umgeben, erfolgte der Bau des späteren Ringes, der im SO von C. nachgewiesen ist, evtl. im Zusammenhang mit der nach 31 v.Chr. von Augustus für die Veteranen der legio XXX vorgenommenen renormatio. Buonocore, Marco (Rom) Bibliography …

Caudini

(30 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rom)
[English version] Samnit. Volk, Hauptort Caudium (Liv. 23,41,13; Plin. nat. 3,105). Erobert 275 v.Chr. durch L. Cornelius Lentulus, dessen Familie seither das Cognomen “Caudinus” führte. Buonocore, Marco (Rom)

Bovianum

(229 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rom)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Coloniae | Theater Unter Berufung auf Plin. nat. 3,107 ( colonia Bovianum vetus et alterum cognomine Undecumanorum), hat man auf die Existenz von zwei B. in Samnium (Samnites) geschlossen: B. Vetus (h. La Piana in Pietrabbondante, vgl. [1]), eine colonia der III viri lege Iulia seit 43 v.Chr.; B. Undecumanorum (h. Bojano), flavische colonia seit 73/75 n.Chr. (Veteranen der legio Claudia, also der undecumani). Gedacht wurde auch an eine einzige Stadt mit geändertem Namen [2-5]. Der Ort war samnitisches sanctuarium. …

Caiatia

(94 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rom)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Coloniae Stadt der Caudini in Samnium an der Kreuzung der Verbindungsstraßen zw. Capua, Allifae und Telesia, h. Caiazzo. Evtl. civitas sine suffragio vor 306 v.Chr., war C. nach dem 2. Pun. Krieg civitas foederata, nach dem Bundesgenossenkrieg 89 v.Chr. municipium, tribus Falerna, mit II viri. Nachgewiesen ist ein Bischofssitz nach 967 n.Chr. Buonocore, Marco (Rom) Bibliography G. Chouquer (Hrsg.), Structures agraires en Italie centro-méridionale, Collection de l'Ecole Française de Rome 100, 1987, 150-151  H.…

Aufidena

(114 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rom)
[English version] Grabungen in den it. Nekropolen (6.-5. Jh. v.Chr.) in Alfedena (Campo Consolino und Valle del Curino) und lat. Inschr. bei Castel di Sangro (Contrada Campitelli und Piano della Zittola) legen es nahe, den samnitischen Ort A. im h. Alfedena, den röm. Ort A. im h. Castel di Sangro anzunehmen. 298 v.Chr. von den Römern erobert (Liv. 10,12,9), erst nach 49 v.Chr. municipium (vgl. die duoviri ); ILS 5896 ( praefecti operi faciundo) ist kein Beleg für die Annahme, daß A. vor dem Bürgerkrieg praefectura gewesen sein könnte. Buonocore, Marco (Rom) Bibliography M. Buonocore, in:…

Histonium

(79 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco (Rom)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Orakel Küstensiedlung der samnitischen Frentani, h. Vasto. Röm. municipium wohl erst nach dem Bundesgenossenkrieg, tribus Arnensis ( quattuorviri; irrig der Liber coloniarum 2, 260, 10f. L.: colonia). Kein autonomes Bistum. Im 6. und 7. Jh. byz. Stützpunkt (Kastron Reunias). Buonocore, Marco (Rom) Bibliography M. Buonocore, H., in: Supplementa Italica 2, 1983, 97-144  A.R. Staffa (Hrsg.), Dall'antica Histonium al Castello del Vasto, 1995  …
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