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Sakristei

(427 words)

Author(s): Jordahn, Ottfried | Freigang, Christian
[English Version] I. Liturgisch Als räumlich abgeschlossener Teil des Kirchengebäudes, der mit diesem aber kommuniziert, meist in Altarnähe, dient die S. (hist. auch secretarium, sacrarium, vestiarium) sehr verschiedenen Zwecken, die dem allg. Blick entzogen sein sollen. Leitet man S. von lat. sacer ab, weist dies auf den Aufbewahrungsort der hl. Geräte, Paramente und Gewänder sowie der liturgischen Bücher, darüber hinaus auch der hl. Gaben der Eucharistie (reliqua sacramenti; Reliquiar) zum Zweck …

Sacristy

(495 words)

Author(s): Jordahn, Ottfried | Freigang, Christian
[German Version] I. Liturgy The sacristy ( sacristia; historically also secretarium,sacrarium, or vestiarium) is a separate room in a church building, usually near the altar, that communicates with the body of the church. It serves various purposes meant to be kept from public view. The word’s ultimate derivation from Latin sacer, “holy, sacred,” suggests its use as a place to store the sacred liturgical implements, paraments, and vestments (Vestments/Paraments, Vestments, Liturgical), as well as the liturgical books. The consecrated elements of the Eucharist ( reliqua sacramen…

Wedding Ceremony

(2,106 words)

Author(s): Jordahn, Ottfried | Thilo, Hans Joachim
1. Liturgical Aspects 1.1. History 1.1.1. In all cultures marriage has a cultic side. State regulations, tradition, and custom—in all their variety—determine how the wedding ceremony is to be performed. In the early church the bishop had to know when a marriage was taking place (Ignatius Pol. 5.2). The oblatio (bread and wine) that the bridal pair gave for the Eucharist served as confirmatio matrimonii (confirmation of marriage; Tertullian Ad. uxor. 2.8). Two rites were used in the fourth and fifth centuries: velatio (the vow) and benedictio (the blessing). Both took place in the…

Mourning Customs

(3,303 words)

Author(s): Heller, Birgit | Podella, Thomas | Triebel, Lothar | Goldberg, Sylvie-Anne | de Boer, Martinus C. | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Old Testament – III. Judaism – IV. New Testament – V. Practical Theology I. Religious Studies As an element of burial rites and the cult of the dead (Dead, Cult of the), mourning customs serve not only the survivors but also the departed. Ritual support of the dead or protection against them is usually one of the functions of a mourning period, which often concludes with a change in the status of the departed (e.g. admission to the realm of the dead at the end of a jour…

Trauerbräuche

(2,848 words)

Author(s): Heller, Birgit | Podella, Thomas | Triebel, Lothar | Goldberg, Sylvie-Anne | Boer, Martinus C. de | Et al.
[English Version] I. Religionswissenschaftlich Als Teil der Bestattungsriten (Bestattung) und des Totenkults dienen T. nicht nur den Überlebenden, sondern auch den Toten. Die rituelle Unterstützung und/oder Abwehr der Toten zählt meistens zu den Aufgaben der Trauerzeit, die oft mit dem Statuswechsel der Toten endet (etwa der Aufnahme in das Totenreich am Ende der Totenreise). Angesichts des religionsgesch. Befundes ist sowohl die ältere Deutung der T. als Verhinderung der Rückkehr der Toten als auc…