Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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The First World War in Contemporary British Popular Culture

(11,010 words)

Author(s): Todman, Dan
Todman, Dan - The First World War in Contemporary British Popular Culture Keywords: British popular culture | First World War | Second World War | Western Front ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Society | Culture | Literature | Great Britain | Culture | Experience of combat | Home fronts | Published memoirs and biographies | Experience of combat Abstract: Faced with the terrifying maelstrom of the Western Front, with apocalyptic artillery barrages and seemingly endless battles of attrition, it was natural enough for the soldiers of the First World…

Index

(3,095 words)

Contributor(s): Jones, Heather | Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph | O’Brien, Jennifer
Jones, Heather; O’Brien, Jennifer; Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph -Index Keywords: civic identity | combat | First World War | juvenile delinquency | occupation | untold war Abstract: This index section presents list of terms that occur in the book Untold War: New Perspectives in First World War Studies. The book covers diverse themes such as combat, occupation, civic identity, juvenile delinquency, chaplains, art and remembrance, across a wide range of societies, including Germany, France, Britain, German colonial Africa, Belgium and Romania. Untold War

Index

(3,405 words)

Contributor(s): Keene, Jennifer D. | Neiberg, Michael S.
Keene, Jennifer D., Neiberg, Michael S., - Index Keywords: First World War | index | inter-allied negotiations | sailors' war | trench culture Abstract: This index presents a list of references that are cited in the book on finding common ground. Representing the best of cutting-edge scholarship in First World War studies, this anthology demonstrates the possibility of finding common ground in how cultural, social, and military historians study the war. Essays focus on the decisions of commanders, inter-allied ne…

Political and Public Aspects of the Activity of the Lithuanian Women’s Movement, 1918–1923

(7,896 words)

Author(s): Jurėnienė, Virginija
Jurėnienė, Virginija - Political and Public Aspects of the Activity of the Lithuanian Women’s Movement, 1918–1923 Keywords: Constituent Assembly | First World War | Lithuanian Women's Movement | political activity | Seimas | women parliamentarians | women struggle ISFWWS-Keywords: The Balkans and Eastern Europe | Women and War | Society | Religion | Poland | Russia | Germany | Literature | Politics Abstract: This chapter analyses the social and political activities of the Lithuanian women's organisations in the aftermath of the First World War, a…

Preliminary Material

(675 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Preliminary Material Keywords: guarded neutrality | Diplomacy | Netherlands | First World War Abstract: This first chapter presents a table of contents that present in the book, Guarded Neutrality. The book is about diplomacy and internment in the Netherlands during the First World War. Guarded Neutrality Susanne Wolf, (2013) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2013 e-ISBN: 9789004249066 DOI: 10.1163/9789004249066_001 © 2013 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Wolf, Susanne

Sisters and Comrades Women’s Movements and the “Austrian Revolution”: Gender in Insurrection, the (Räte) Movement, Parties and Parliament

(9,176 words)

Author(s): Hauch, Gabriella
Hauch, Gabriella - Sisters and Comrades Women’s Movements and the “Austrian Revolution”: Gender in Insurrection, the ( Räte) Movement, Parties and Parliament Keywords: Austrian Revolution | First World War | political equality | Räte organisations | women ISFWWS-Keywords: Austria-Hungary | Politics | Society | Economy | Legacy | Russia | Women and War Abstract: Margarete Susman's critique of First World War politics seems to imply that only "new" ideas and agents can change the political field for the better. Taking this as a starting p…

‘Playing at being Soldiers’?: British Women and Military Uniform in the First World War

(10,127 words)

Author(s): Noakes, Lucy
Noakes, Lucy - ‘Playing at being Soldiers’?: British Women and Military Uniform in the First World War Keywords: British women | femininity | First World War | Marjorie Garber | military uniform | soldiering | Susan Grayzel ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Women and War | Home fronts | Politics | Masculinity | Gender | Society Abstract: The woman in military uniform threatens to destabilise both the femininity of the women who wear it and the naturalised linkage between soldiering and masculinity. As Marjorie Garber has argued, the “sight …

A Neutral Country

(3,597 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - A Neutral Country Keywords: First World War | Holland | military internees | neutrality | refugees Abstract: As a neutral nation, Holland had an obligation to intern any soldiers from the belligerent forces that crossed its border and prevent them from reentering the war. The Dutch were not combatants in this new global war but they were certainly not unaffected by it. The impact of the war on the Dutch, at all levels, very much influenced their response to the demands plac…

Why are We still Interested in This Old War?

(6,828 words)

Author(s): Chickering, Roger
Chickering, Roger - Why are We still Interested in This Old War? Keywords: American Revolution | First World War | Second World War | War ISFWWS-Keywords: General | Legacy | Literature | Culture | Society Abstract: This chapter begins with an immodest proposition. This is that the foundation of the Historiale in Peronne was not the only reason why the year 1992 was significant for the historiography of the First World War. In March of the same year, the first in a series of conferences took place in Washington, DC on the history …

Further Reading

(3,242 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Further Reading Keywords: Dutch | First World War | Netherlands Abstract: The Dutch attitude to the First World War is very different to that of its near neighbours. In Belgium, Germany, France and Great Britain the First World War was, and is still, considered to be a major event. Studies of the Netherlands during World War One by Dutch scholars are not only few and far between, but until recently have also suffered from a lack of breadth. Interest has centred primar…

The Last War: The Legacy of the First World War in 1940s British Fiction

(10,056 words)

Author(s): Stewart, Victoria
Stewart, Victoria - The Last War: The Legacy of the First World War in 1940s British Fiction Keywords: British writing | civilian life | ex-servicemen | First World War | military campaign | non-combatants ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Literature | Legacy | Experience of combat | Western Front | Soldiers and Combat Abstract: Whilst the period between 1929 and 1933 is often seen as the high-water mark for the appearance of depictions of the First World War in British writing, the outbreak of a new war did not completely obfuscate the …

A War Unimagined: Food and the Rank and File Soldier of the First World War

(10,797 words)

Author(s): Duffett, Rachel
Duffett, Rachel - A War Unimagined: Food and the Rank and File Soldier of the First World War Keywords: army rations | emotion | file soldiers | First World War | food | rankers' writing ISFWWS-Keywords: Western Front | Soldiers and Combat | Britain | Published memoirs and biographies | Military organisation of combat | Economy Abstract: The literary legacy of the First World War has tended to ignore the mass of writing produced by its rank and file soldiers, whose perceptions, lack of writing skills and limited reflexivity did not, in …

Defending the Heimat: The Germans in South-West Africa and East Africa During the First World War

(12,890 words)

Author(s): Rouven Steinbach, Daniel
Rouven Steinbach, Daniel - Defending the Heimat: The Germans in South-West Africa and East Africa During the First World War Keywords: First World War | German East Africa | German Schutzgebiete | Heimat | South-West Africa ISFWWS-Keywords: Africa | East Africa | Germany | Society | Pre-war period | Culture | Home fronts Abstract: This chapter examines wartime mobilization of German settlers in Africa with particular reference to the German concept of Heimat. It focuses on the two German Schutzgebiete which had the largest white populations and that experienced the mo…

‘The Germans Have Landed!’: Invasion Fears in the South-East of England, August to December 1914

(9,095 words)

Author(s): Pennell, Catriona
Pennell, Catriona - ‘The Germans Have Landed!’: Invasion Fears in the South-East of England, August to December 1914 Keywords: Essex population | First World War | German army | invasion | Southend-on-Sea ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Society | Pre-war period | Germany | Home fronts | Violence against civilians | Literature | Belgium | Politics Abstract: The British coastal town of Southend-on-Sea, Essex is situated less than one hundred miles away from Ostend. The primary reaction of the Essex population between August and December 1914 was…

Letters From Captivity: The First World War Correspondence of the German Prisoners of War in the United Kingdom

(10,203 words)

Author(s): Feltman, Brian K.
Feltman, Brian K. - Letters From Captivity: The First World War Correspondence of the German Prisoners of War in the United Kingdom Keywords: correspondence | First World War | German prisoners | letters from captivity | Mecklenburgischer Hilfsverein | surrender | UK ISFWWS-Keywords: Prisoners of War | Germany | Literature | Masculinity | Home fronts | Published memoirs and biographies Abstract: This study aims to contribute to the growing field of scholarship concerned with the cultural implications of surrender and wartime captivity by sheddi…

Command in the Indian Expeditionary Force D: Mesopotamia, 1915–16

(16,682 words)

Author(s): Syk, Andrew
Syk, Andrew - Command in the Indian Expeditionary Force D: Mesopotamia, 1915–16 Keywords: Baghdad | First World War | Indian Army commanders | Indian Expeditionary Force | Mesopotamia ISFWWS-Keywords: India | Middle East | Military organisation of combat | The Ottoman Empire and the Middle East | The French and British Empires | Experience of combat Abstract: The growth of German influence within the Ottoman Empire, after the turn of the century and manifested in construction of the Baghdad Railway, threatened British influence and trade in…

The Propinquity of Place: Home, Landscape and Soldier Poets of the First World War

(10,639 words)

Author(s): Grieves, Keith
Grieves, Keith - The Propinquity of Place: Home, Landscape and Soldier Poets of the First World War Keywords: First World War | landscape | pastoral home | patriotism | premodern cultural formation | soldier poets ISFWWS-Keywords: Literature | Western Front | Home fronts | Britain | Published memoirs and biographies Abstract: Throughout the Great War and after, the notion of comforting sensuous antidotes, usually recollections of a pastoral home, was assumed to have a rightful place alongside depictions of the “bloody drama”. The…

Index

(994 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Index Keywords: Guarded Neutrality | military internment | Netherlands | First World War Abstract: This index is a list of terms, names and concepts that occur in this book Guarded Neutrality. The book is about diplomacy and internment in the Netherlands during the First World War. The list is in the alphabetical order. Guarded Neutrality Susanne Wolf, (2013) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2013 e-ISBN: 9789004249066 DOI: 10.1163/9789004249066_016 © 2013 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Wolf, Susanne

Elsa Brändström and the Reintegration of Returning Prisoners of War and their Families in Post-War Germany and Austria

(8,776 words)

Author(s): Stibbe, Matthew
Stibbe, Matthew - Elsa Brändström and the Reintegration of Returning Prisoners of War and their Families in Post-War Germany and Austria Keywords: Austrian society | Elsa Brändström | First World War | Germany | prisoners of war | women's activism ISFWWS-Keywords: Prisoners of War | Germany | Austria-Hungary | Russia | Scandinavia | Switzerland | The United States of America | Literature Abstract: Less is known about Elsa Brändström's contribution to the reintegration of returning POWs and their families in post-war German and Austrian society,…

Toys, Games and Juvenile Literature in Germany and Britain During the First World War. A Comparison

(10,962 words)

Author(s): Müller, Sonja
Müller, Sonja - Toys, Games and Juvenile Literature in Germany and Britain During the First World War. A Comparison Keywords: Britain | First World War | games | Germany | juvenile literature | toys ISFWWS-Keywords: Children and War | Germany | Britain | Economy | Masculinity | Literature | Culture | Home fronts | Society | Violence against civilians Abstract: This chapter focuses on German and British children's daily lives during the First World War, particularly emphasizing their wartime experiences. It also focuses on individual toys and …
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