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Notice of Dispatch of Wood (3.87K)

(442 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary Discovered on November 1, 1979 in the eighth season of the German Institute of Archaeology, this ostracon was published in 1987 by Mohammed Maraqten. Collated at source, it has yielded several new readings. It may be interpreted to mean that the writer has made a donation (ḥntʾ) of as much as 70 pieces of wood for the Temple altar, being sent by boat from Syene. Notice of Dispatch of Wood (3.87K) Subject: Lev 16:21; 1 Sam 11:7; 16:20; 2 Sam 10:2; 11:14; 12:25…

Instructions Regarding Children and Inquiry Regarding Passover (TAD D7.6) (3.87A)

(1,314 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary Published by Archibald Henry Sayce in 1911 (Bodleian Aramaic Inscription 7) and variously dubbed the Oxford Ostracon ( DAE 94) or the Passover Ostracon (Fitzmyer and Kaufman 1992), this piece is an unexpected blend of concern for the care and diet of the children of Aḥutab during her absence and inquiry into when the Passover was to be observed. Attaching this query to matters banal leaves the i…

An Aramaic Dream Report from Elephantine (3.88)

(1,019 words)

Author(s): Levine, Baruch A. | Robertson, Anne
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary This Aramaic ostracon from Elephantine is registered as  CIS 2.137, and has been variously dated as early as the fifth century bce and as late as ca. 300 bce (Fitzmyer and Kaufman 1992:109–110). It was first published by Euting (1887), and has recently received two very different treatments by A. Dupont-Sommer (1948a) and B. A. Levine (1964). See also J. Teixidor (1967:178) and B. Porten (1968:275). It is a…

Letter Regarding Gift, Handmaiden, Allotment, and Pots (TAD D7.9) (3.87I)

(1,060 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary Discovered by Sayce in 1901 and published by Sayce and Cowley in 1906 (Bodleian Aramaic Inscription 1), this palimpsest, dubbed the Uriah Ostracon (Fitzmyer and Kaufman 1992 B.3.C.36), has since disappeared. Though two or three commands are in the plural (wblwh, yktbwh, hwšrwhy), the letter is essentially addressed to a female (hbyh, ḥzy [masculine or feminine], hzdhry, tšmʿyn…

Offer to Sew a Garment (3.87C)

(914 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary Discovered by Jean Clédat on March 20, 1907 and published by Dupont-Sommer in 1945 (Clermont-Ganneau 70), this is the only ostracon letter addressed “to my lord” by “your servant.” For this reason it contains not only one but two opening blessings and a concluding wish for well-being. All three formulae are closely paralleled in the nearly contemporary Makkibanit (Hermopolis) le…

Instructions Regarding Legumes and Barley, Etc. (3.87G)

(1,112 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary Discovered by Charles Clermont-Ganneau in 1908, published in 1949 by Dupont-Sommer (Clermont-Ganneau 152), and correctly interpreted by Franz Rosenthal in 1966 (letter of April 24; Rosenthal 1967:12–13), the end of the concave and the first half of the convex still remain obscure. The anonymous writer is sending some legumes by boat on the Sabbath, to be exchanged for barley, and…

Instructions to Aid Shepherd (3.87F)

(1,024 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary Donated by Sir Henry Thompson to the Cambridge University Library (Cambridge 131–33) and published by Cowley in 1929, this is the only ostracon addressed to a mother. Threading the word ṭbh, “goodness” through his letter, the anonymous son informs her that her bʿl ṭbh, a certain shepherd, is coming to Syene to sell sheep. If she does ṭbh by him, he will do right by the son. Sh…

Request for Salt (3.87H)

(457 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca Commentary Discovered by Charles Clermont-Ganneau in 1908 and published in 1945 by Dupont-Sommer (Clermont-Ganneau 169), this ostracon is concerned with one thing — getting salt for making bread. Elsewhere, we learn that bread itself was dispatched from Elephantine to Syene ( TAD D7.44). Request for Salt (3.87H) Subject: Ezra 4:14; 7:22; Dan 2:10–11; 3:25, 29; 4:32, 16; 2 Sam 19:19 Greetings ( Concave)(1)[Gr]eetings, Aḥutab. Request Now, dispatch (2)to …

Instructions Regarding Silver for Marzeaḥ (3.87D)

(639 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents f…

Instructions Regarding Tunic (3.87J)

(638 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca …

Instructions to Shear Ewe (3.87B)

(957 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; W…