Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Hermap(p)ias

(2,152 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermap(p)ias | Ἑρμαπ(π)ίας Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Hermapias or Hermappias is cited many times in the scholia to the Iliad1, in some cases through Herodianus2, who thus serves as a terminus ante quem. The fluctuation in the spelling of his name (Ἑρμαππίας in Sch. Il. 4, 235a1. a2. 21, 331e. 24, 55…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Attalus [2]

(1,405 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 31/10/2017. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Attalus [2] | Ἄτταλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Attalus is a grammarian of unknown origin and date; Maass (1888, p. XXV, and 1898, p. XIII n. 4) reasonably distinguishes him from the more famous Attalus of Rhodes1. Our Attalus was probably the author of a commentary on the Iliad2, in which he treated problems of a…

Heracleon [1]

(5,690 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 11/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [1] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tilotis in Egypt Date: age of Augustus ↓ To Source List Biography: Heracleon was the son of Glaucus or Glaucon, as we learn from Stephanus of Byzantium1 ( s.vv. Ἀγυιά, Ἀρέθουσα, Κροκύλειον), and a native of Tilotis, an Egyptian village near Heracleopolis; he worked as a teacher at Rome (cf. Su…

Alexion Cholus

(10,168 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexion Cholus | Ἀλεξίων ὁ χωλός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: Second half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexion, nicknamed ὁ χωλός "the Lame" ( Sch. Il. 21, 282e. 21, 331e), engaged in Homeric1 exegesis: the Homeric scholia that can be traced back to Herodianus2 and the Etymologica3 show his interest in etymological and gramm…

Orion

(27,034 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orion | Ὠρίων Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Thebes (Egypt) Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two very brief biographical entries that appear in the Suda1 (ω 188 and 189) under the heading Ὠρίων probably refer to the same person. The two entries attribute to an author with this name a gnomic collection entitled Ἀνθολόγιον b…

Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius

(3,697 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ἀμμώνιος Ἀμμωνίου γραμματικὸς ἐσημειωσάμην: so reads the note found between columns 10 and 11 of POxy. 221 (Pack2 1205 [XII Erbse]; now Pap. Mus. Brit. 1184 = Pap. Lond. 178), a commentary on Book 21 of the Iliad1. The meaning of this …

Philemon [2]

(1,083 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [2] | Φιλήμων Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The birthplace of Philemon is unknown, and the presumed ethnic attested in Sch. Il. 2, 258a1 (κατὰ Φιλήμωνα τὸν Κρητικόν) and accepted by Erbse ( ad loc.1) is probably a corruption: Villoison ( Proll. Il., 1788, p. XXIII2) suggested emending it to τὸν κριτι…

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(13,790 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 01/12/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Amisus in Pontus, the grammarian Tyrannion lived in the time of Pompey the Great1, according to the Suda2 (τ 1184), and he died at an advanced age. In the date given by the Suda for his death, ὀλυμπιάδι ριηʹ, ἐν τῷ γʹ ἔτει τῆς ὀλυμπιάδος, the numeral ριηʹ is corrupt: Bernhardy’s3 probable correction of this to ρπηʹ leads to the 188th Olympiad and hence to 25 BCE (cf. H. Planer, De Tyrannione grammatico, ‘Progr. Joach.-Gymn.’ 4, Berlin 1852, p. 7; A. Daub, Studien zu den Biographika des Suidas. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur griechischen Litteraturgeschichte, Fr…

Hermias

(603 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 17/03/2008 – 12/03/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermias | Ἑρμείας Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd–1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hermias is known from only one citation in the scholion of Herodianus1 on Il. 16, 2072; this fragment attests his attachment to the Cratetean3 school (Κρατήτ<ε>ιος) and can therefore suggest a dating between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. His …

Theodosius

(1,335 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was wr…

Euphranor [1]

(808 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [1] | Εὐφράνωρ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. …

Astyages

(2,318 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Astyages | Ἀστυάγης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Astyages, whose time period and city of origin are unknown, is named in the πίναξ1 of grammarians contained in some mss. ( Coisl. gr. 387, Vat. gr. 1456, Bodl. Misc. 211…

Parmeniscus

(4,742 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 2…

Aristeas

(1,623 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/06/2007 - 25/07/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristeas | Ἀριστέας Place of Origin: …
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