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Plaria Vera

(60 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of an important Ostian, A. Egrilius Rufus, and thus mother of the two senators M. Acilius Priscus Egrilius [1] Plarianus and A. Egrilius [2] Plarianus. For her possible second marriage see [1. 215ff.]. PIR2 P 447. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 C. Bruun, Zwei Priscillae aus Ostia und der Stammbaum der Egrilii, in: ZPE 102, 1994, 215-225.

Praefectus Aegypti

(1,315 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Governor of the province of Egypt, which Augustus created in 30 BC after the taking of Alexandria [1]; the full official title was praefectus Alexandreae et Aegypti (Greek ἔπαρχος Αἰγύπτου/ éparchos Aigýptou, P.Oxy 237; ὁ τῆς Αἰγύπτου ἄρχων/ ho tȇs Aigýptou árchōn, Cass. Dio 54,51). The first incumbent was Cornelius [II 18] Gallus, an equestrian; he had three legions at his disposal. The political situation still uncertain, Octavian (Augustus) had him granted by lex 'the jurisdiction of a magistrate comparable to that of a proconsul'(Dig. 1,17,1: imperium ad simil…

Entellus

(46 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Imperial freedman who performed the task of a libellis under Domitian. He participated in the plot against Domitian. His domus and his gardens are mentioned by Martial 8,68. His property became part of the imperial patrimonium. PIR2 E 66. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Manlia Scantilla

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of Didius [II 6] Iulianus, who after his acclamation as emperor (AD 193) conferred on her the title Augusta. According to the Historia Augusta (HA Did. 8,9f.) she outlived her husband. PIR2 M 166. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Graecinius

(111 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] P.G. Laco. Knight from Verona. Successor of Sutorius Macro as praefectus vigilum in AD 31; he supported him in the elimination of Seianus ( Aelius [II 19]); therefore, the Senate bestowed upon him the ornamenta quaestoria. He was procurator in Gallia under Claudius during the Britannia campaign, possibly entrusted with a special logistic function for the campaign. He was honoured with a statue and ornamenta consularia by the Senate in 44 at the request of Claudius; in addition, he received a seat in the Senate as often as he escorted Claudius…

Apronia

(64 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Died 24 AD Daughter of L.  Apronius [II 1], cos. suff. AD 8, in 24 killed by her husband Plautius Silvanus (Tac. Ann. 4,22). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Caesia Wife of Lentulus Gaetulicus, cos. ord. 26 AD Second daughter of L. Apronius, cos. suff. AD 8, wife of Lentulus Gaetulicus, cos. ord. 26. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Vogel-Weidemann, 76 f.

Vestricius

(289 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. V. Spurinna. Senator, possibly homo novus, probably of Etruscan origin, but according to [2. 542] rather from an Etruscan family that had migrated to Transpadana. Born in c. AD 25, since, according to Plin. Ep. 3,1,10, in c. 101 he had completed his 78th year. He entered the Senate no later than under Nero [1]. In 69 he was appointed by Otho a commander in the battle with the followers of Vitellius [II 2] (Tac. Hist. 2,11; 18 f.; 23; 36). The tradition after that is silent until the year 97. According to Pliny t…

Matidius

(112 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Salonius M. Patruinus. Senator from Vicetia in Upper Italy. He was praetor before 78 AD, when he acted as magister of the Arvales fratres . He died the same year (CIL VI 2056). An inscription from Vicetia refers to another senator who was elevated to the Senate by Claudius; whether he became a patrician at the same time is disputed [1; 2. 324ff.]. He is either M. or his father. M. was married to Trajan's sister, Ulpia Marciana. Their daughter was Matidia [1] the Elder. PIR2 M 365; 366. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Ein Senator aus Vicetia, in: ZPE 39, 1…

Sabucius

(73 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. S. Maior Caecilianus. Senator; after the praetorship, he took six praetorian offices, including the office of a praef. aerarii militaris, of a praetorian imperial governor of Gallia Belgica shortly after AD 180, and of a procos. of Achaia. C os. suff. in 186 (RMD 1, 69). His grandson, C. S. Maior Faustinus, also had senatorial rank (CIL VI 1510 = ILS 1123a). PIR S 34. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Ducenius

(216 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A.D. Geminus Cos. suff. 61 or 62 AD Originally from Patavium. Cos. suff. in 61 or 62. In 62 appointed, with two senators, curator vectigalium publicorum by Nero (Tac. Ann. 15,18,3); the issuing collection of regulations, the tax law of the Province of Asia, are now known through an inscription from Ephesus (H. Engelmann, D. Knibbe, EA 14, 1989 = SEG 39, 1180 = AE 1989, 681). Subsequently legate of Dalmatia; appointed praef. urbi by Galba but quickly replaced by Flavius Sabinus. If ILS 963 refers to him, he became proconsul of Asia under Vespasian. PIR2 D 201. Eck, Werner …

Medicus

(92 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Victory title Victory title (victory over the Medes = Persians), first awarded to Marcus [II 6] Aurelius and Lucius Verus, evidently as the result of a victorious campaign against Media Atropatene in AD 165/6. This title next appears as an epithet for Probus, Diocletian, and his co-rulers, then for Constantine, in each case with the addition maximus. The title has been erroneously ascribed to other rulers. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography P. Kneissl, Die Siegestitulatur der römischen Kaiser, 1969, 99ff.; 211; 247. [German version] [2] see Medicine see Medicine

Tineius

(415 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. T. Clemens Senator; cos. ord. in AD 195; son of T. [6]. On the family of the Tineii, s. [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 O. Salomies, Die Herkunft der senatorischen T., in: ZPE 60, 1985, 199-202. [German version] [2] Q. T. Demetrius Praefectus Aegypti in AD 189/190, [1. 489; 2. 511; 3. 138, 143]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Bureth, Le préfet d'Egypte (30 av. J. C. - 297 ap. J. C.), in: ANRW II 10.1, 1988, 472-502 2 G. Bastianini, Il prefetto d'Egitto, in: ANRW II 10.1, 1988, 503-517 3 F. Goddio et al., L'épigraphie sous-marine dan…

Celerius, P.

(81 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (in editions of Tacitus erroneously P. Celer); patrimonial procurator in Asia to Claudius and Nero (I. Eph. 7,2,3043/44; SEG 39, 1172). At the end of 54, C. murdered Iunius Silanus, procos. Asiae, at the behest of  Agrippina; in 57 accused in the Senate by the Province of Asia; but the trial was dragged out until his death (Tac. Ann. 13,1,2. 33,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, in: Splendissima Civitas, Études ... en hommage à F. Jaques, 1996, 67ff.

Bassaeus Rufus, M.

(94 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Of low descent, lacking the usual education (Cass. Dio 71,5,2f.). In the army, he advanced to the office of primus pilus, held procuratorial positions in Spain, Noricum, and Gallia/Germania, and became a rationibus, praef. vigilum, praef. Aegypti in 168/169 [1. 297], praef. praetorio from 169 to before AD 180. He was honoured with the ornamenta consularia and, after his death, with three statues in Rome (CIL VI 1599=ILS 1326 [2. 389-393]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei Prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975 2 Pflaum, 1.

Mansuanius

(30 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. M. Severus. Legate of the legio I Italica; not identical with Cossonius Gallus (see addenda), as has been suggested (AE 1998, 1131). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Dunius

(22 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.D.Severus. Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Claudius. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography PIR2 D 207 W. Weiser, in: ZPE 123, 1998, 275-290.

Aburnius

(89 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Caedicianus, Q. (2nd cent. AD.) A. Caedicianus, Q., legatus Augusti, probably to a legion in Dacia under Trajan (CIL III 1089); became suffect consul together with C. Bruttius Praesens under Hadrian in AD 118 or 119; owner of the figlinae furianae and tempesinae between AD 123 and 140 (CIL XV 227-230; 603-605; 607-608). He was mentioned by Marcus Aurelius, εἰς ἑαυτόν 4,50 (FPD, 213 f.; PIR A 21). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A. Valens, see  Fulvius. A. Valens, see  Fulvius. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Verax

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] He and his mother's brother, the Batavian Iulius [II 43] Civilis, attacked the auxiliary fort of Vada in 70/1 AD; they were repelled by Petillius [II 1] Cerealis but were able to escape into free Germania (Tac. Hist. 5,20; 5,21,1 f.). Batavian Revolt Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Acratus

(72 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Ἀκρατος; Ákratos) Greek personal name, especially common among slaves and freedmen [1]. A., freedman of Nero, collected artworks at his order in Achaea and Asia, including images of gods with which the domus aurea was supposed to be outfitted; he encountered resistance in Pergamum, only Rhodes eluded him (Tac. Ann. 15,45,2; 16,23,1; Dio Chrys. 31,149; PIR2 A 95). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 H. Solin, Die griech. PN, vol. 2, 1982, 727.

Actis, ab

(116 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Someone occupied with the documentation and care of formal and formless administrative records (  acta ) of a public authority. Ab a. coincides only partially with the designation   act(u)arius , who held a higher rank in public service (Cod. Iust. 2,7,26). The optio ab a. (CIL VI 3884) is a military administrative official of the imperial era; the ab a. senatus (also curator actorum senatus), a senator with quaestorial rank, produced the senate records in the second and 3rd cents. AD; the procurator ab a. urbis directed the office for the acta diurna.  Commentariis, a Eck,…
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