[German version] P., Lars. Etruscan king of Clusium (present-day Chiusi) at the end of the 6th cent. BC (
Porsena in Hor. Epod. 16,4; Macrob. Sat 2,412; inscription.
Porsina, CIL VI 32919; Greek Πορσίνας/
Porsínas: Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 5,21,1); probably Etruscan proper name, possibly derived from
zilath purthne , the term for the highest office in Etruscan towns. According to Roman tradition (Liv. 2,9,1-14,9; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 5,21,1-34,5) P. wanted to reinstate Tarquinius Superbus, who had taken refuge with him, as king of Rome. However he withdrew,…