[German version] The MC which was allegedly written by the centaur Chiron (Chiron Centaurus) and was published for the first time in 1901, represents Antiquity's most important work on veterinary medicine. Its subjects are the illnesses of horses and mules which are treated by largely dispensing with medical theories (there are traces here and there of methodist concepts). There are parallels here with human medicine as well as in surgical treatment which is sometimes described in detail. The orig…
Fischer, Klaus (Bonn) [German version] A. Definition (CT) ‘Arabic studies ’(AS) designates the philological investigation of the Arabic language and of the works composed in that language. As a linguistic discipline it is a part of Semitic studies; as a cultural discipline, it is the central focus for Islamic studies. Fischer, Wolfdietrich (Erlangen RWG) [German version] B. The Beginnings of Arabic Studies in Europe (CT) Although a number of works of AS as well as religious writings were translated into Latin by the school of translators founded by Alfonso X …
[German version] I. Ancient Orient and Egypt The incidence of lions (Sumerian
mj) is first attested for Mesopotamia in the Ur III period (2112-2004 BC). Sources subsequently only rarely mention their occurrence in Babylonia; on the other hand, there are many references from the middle Euphrates region and from Assyria (letters from Mari, hunting accounts of Neo-Assyrian kings). In Egypt lions were depicted from the prehistoric period and are attested well beyond the New Kingdom (1550-1070). In Egypt as well as in Mesop…
[German version] (Λάβακα;
Lábaka). According to Ptol. 7,1,46, city in north-west India, in the land of the Pandoi (probably Old Indian Pāṇḍava). Renger, Johannes (Berlin) Fischer, Klaus (Bonn) Bibliography O. Wecker, s.v. L., RE 12, 239.
[English version] (Λάβακα). Nach Ptol. 7,1,46 Stadt in NW-Indien, im Land der Pandooi (wohl altindisch Pāṇḍava). Renger, Johannes (Berlin) Fischer, Klaus (Bonn) Bibliography O. Wecker, s.v. L., RE 12, 239.
[German version]  O. maior Augustus' half sister She was the child from C. Octavius’[I 2] first marriage to Ancharia and was therefore the half sister of Octavian who later became Augustus. She was married to Sex. Appuleius [II 2]; their son was Sex. Appuleius [II 3]. O. is honoured as the sister of Augustus and the mother of Sex. Appuleius on an inscription from Pergamon (ILS 8783 = IGR 4, 323). Fischer, Klaus (Bonn) Bibliography PIR2 O 65 M.W. Singer, The Problem of Octavia Minor and Octavia Maior, in: TAPhA, 79, 1948, 270-271. [German version]  O. minor Older sister of Augustus Born …