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Iodama

(65 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοδάμα; Iodáma). Local deity of Coronea (Boeotia), driven out by Athena. In mythology the daughter of  Itonus, granddaughter of  Amphictyon [2], priestess of Athena Itonia, who turned her to stone with the Gorgoneion (Paus. 9,34,2); in a different tradition mother of Thebe by Zeus, sister of Athena, killed by her out of jealousy (Simonides, FGrH 8 F 1). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Itylus

(34 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἴτυλος; Ítylos). Son of  Zethus and  Aedon (Hom. Od. 19,518; Pherecydes FHG 1,95); also traditionally said to be the son of  Procne, otherwise called Itys (Cat. 65,14). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hippothous

(158 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Ἱππόθοος; Hippóthoos). [German version] [1] Son of Priam Son of Priam (Hom. Il. 24,251). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Commander of the Pelasgian troops in the Trojan War Son of the Pelasgian king  Lethus, son of Teuthamus, supplies the Trojans with Pelasgian reinforcements from Larisa (Hom. Il. 2,840ff.); killed by Telamonian Ajax in the fight over Patroclus' body (Hom. Il. 17,288ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Son of Aleus [1] and Neaera Son of  Aleus [1] and Neaera, killed by his nephew  Telephus, whereupon his mother kills herself (Hyg. Fab. 243). Zingg, R…

Corythus

(196 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κόρυθος, Kórythos). [German version] [1] Epiclesis of Apollo  Epiclesis of Apollo, see Kory(n)thos. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea  Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea (Paus. 8,45,1). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Tyrrhenian king Son of Zeus and  Electra [3], the daughter of Atlas. Tyrrhenian king. Founder of C. (or Cortona or Cora: Plin. HN 3,5,63), an Etruscan city (Sil. Pun. 4,720), which was also identified with Tarquinii [1], Lat. Corythus. The Italic version of the myth …

Ianira

(28 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰάνειρα; Iáneira, ‘virility’).  Nereid (Hom. Il. 18,47; Apollod. 1,12) or  Oceanid (Hes. Theog. 356), one of Persephone's playmates (H. Hom. 2,421). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Helicaon

(50 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἑλικάων; Helikáōn). Son of  Antenor [1], husband of Priam's daughter Laodice (Hom. Il. 3,123). During the conquest of Troy he was saved by Odysseus (Paus. 10,26,8). With Antenor (Verg. Aen. 1,247) and his brother Polydamas (Serv. Aen. 1,242) H. founded Patavium (Mart. 10,93). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hylaeus

(51 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑλαῖος/ Hylaîos, ‘Man of the woods’).  Centaur, depicted in battle against the Lapiths (Verg. G. 2,457) on the François Vase (6th cent. BC); slain by Theseus (Serv. Aen. 8,294), Hercules (Hor. Carm. 2,12,6) or  Atalante (Apollod. 3,106; Callim. H. 3,221), whom he pursued together with Rhoeicus. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Immaradus

(56 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰμμάραδος/ Immárados, Ἴσμαρος/ Ísmaros). Eleusinian, son of  Eumolpus. Either alone or alongside his father, I. leads a Thracian army against the Athenians only to be killed in this ‘Eleusinian War’ by  Erechtheus (Apollod. 3,202). The duel was represented in a bronze group by  Myron on the Acropolis of Athens (Paus. 1,5,2). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iophossa

(45 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοφῶσσα; Iophôssa). According to Hesiod and Acusilaus another name of  Chalciope [2]. Daughter of Aeetes of Colchis and Idyia. Sister of Medea, wife of Phrixus, the father of her four sons (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 2,1122; 2,1149; Apollod. 1,83). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Cabye, Cambyse

(122 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καβύη, Καμβύση; Kabýē, Kambýsē). Heroine. Daughter of the Epean Opus in Elis. In order to link the Locrian royal genealogy with the Epean, Pindar has Zeus kidnap the daughter of Opus from Elis, father a son with her in Arcadia, and then bring him to the childless king  Locrus as an adoptive son (Pind. Ol. 9,57; cf. also Diod. Sic. 14,17). According to Aristotle in the Opountíōn politeía, Opus' daughter is called Cambyse (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86 = Aristot. fr. 561 Rose). Since Plutarch, who referred to her as Cabye, also drew from Aristotle (Plut. …

Intarabus

(54 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Entarabus). Celtic deity only attested in inscriptions (CIL VIII, 3632, 4128), worshipped in the territory of the Treveri (Trier, Germany). The inscriptions speak of buildings dedicated to Intarabus ( porticus, aedes, fanum, simulacrum), which indicates the deity's popularity. In CIL VIII, 3653 I. is given the epithet Mars. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iapis

(69 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] Son of  Iasus and favourite of Apollo. The god wants to grant him the gift of prophecy, of playing the lyre and of accurate archery, but I. asks him for the art of healing instead so that he can save his father's life. With the help of Venus, he heals Aeneas' wounds (Verg. Aen. 12,391ff.; Serv. Aen. 12,391 (Iapyx); Macrob. Sat. 5,15,12). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iobates

(76 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοβάτης/ Iobátēs, ‘who strides along powerfully’). King of Lycia (anonymous in Hom. Il. 6,174-177), to whom Proetus sends  Bellerophontes with the ‘Uriah letter’ (Apollod. 2,30ff.; Hyg. Fab. 57; cf. Plut. Mor. 248a-d). Father of  Stheneboea and Philonoe. An homonymous tragedy by Sophocles has been transmitted in fragmentary form (TrGF IV 297-299); Euripides wrote a Stheneboea (TGF p.567). Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography T. R. Bryce, The Lycians in Literary and Epigraphic Sources I, 1986, 16-20; 209.

Cranaus

(134 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κραναός; Kranaós). Attic hero; also, the personification of Attica's rough and rocky ground. C. ruled during the time of the Deucalionic flood ( Deucalion). His wife was Pedias (= ‘plains’) of Lacedaemon (Marmor Parium, FGrH 239 A 4) [1]. In the myth, he has three daughters: Cranae, Cranaichme and Atthis (Apollod. 3,186). C. functions as arbitrator in the conflict between Athena and Poseidon (Apollod. 3,179). Pindar refers to Athens as Cranaaí (Pind. Ol. 13,38), Attica's inhabitants called themselves Cranaoí (Hdt. 8,44). C. is forced by  Amphictyon [1] to…

Caliadne

(21 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καλιάδνη, Καλιάνδη; Kaliádnē, Kaliándē). Naiad, mother of twelve sons fathered by Aegyptus (Apollod. 2.19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Crotopus

(85 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρότωπος; Krótōpos). King of Argos (cf.  Coroebus [1]), son of Agenor, father of Sthenelas and Psamathe (Paus. 2,16,1). C.'s grave lay in Argos, where later on a temple of Dionysus was erected (Paus. 2,37,7). After killing Python, Apollo visits C. in expiation (Stat. Theb. 1,570). Psamathe bears the god a son,  Linus. C. condemns her to death when he learns of her relationship with Apollo. The latter punishes Argos with a plague (Conon, FGrH 26 F 1 19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Leucus

(123 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Odysseus (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Companion of Odysseus, killed by Antiphus, son of Priamus (Hom. Il. 4,491). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Talus, the steadfast guard of Crete (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Son of Talos, steadfast guard of Crete. Idomeneus [1] is L.'s foster father. When he joins the Trojan campaign, he entrusts L. with his house and rulership. L. lets Nauplius entice him to seduce Meda, Idomeneus' wife. Then he kills her along with his bride Cleisithera and Idomeneus' two sons I…

Gyas

(108 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Aeneas Companion of  Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 1,222; 1,612; 12,460). As a skipper he took part in the regatta in honour of Anchises (Verg. Aen. 5,114f.; Hyg. Fab. 273). The patrician house of the Geganii, was, according to Servius (Aen. 5,117) descended from him, although this is probably a later fabrication. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Latin giant with a club A Latin, a giant with a club, son of Melampus, who for his part is said to have come to Italy with Hercules. He and his brother Cisseus were killed in battle by Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 10,317). Zingg, Ret…

Car

(78 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κάρ; Kár). [German version] [1] Son of Phoroneus Eponym of the fortress of Megara (originally Caria) (Paus. 1,39,5), son of  Phoroneus; founder of the Demeter Temple. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Zeus and Crete Eponym of  Carians in Asia Minor; brother of Lydus and Mysus (Hdt. 1,171; Str. 14,659). Son of Zeus and Crete (Ael. NA 12,30); founder of the city of  Alabanda, buried in Euangela (Steph. Byz. s.v. K.). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Gyes

(31 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γύης; Gýēs). According to the MSS [1], probably the incorrectly written form of Gyges, one of the  Hecatoncheires. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 M. L. West, Hesiod, Theogony, 1966, 210.
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