Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Zettersteen, K. V." ) OR dc_contributor:( "Zettersteen, K. V." )' returned 344 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Masʿūd

(466 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Mawdūd b. Zangī, ʿIzz al-Dīn Abu ’L-Fatḥ (or Abu ’l-Muẓaffar), lord of al-Mawṣil. Mawdūd [q. v.] died in 565 (1170); he was followed by his son Saif al-Dīn G̲h̲āzī [q. v.] as Atābeg of al-Mawṣil. When the latter came into conflict with Saladin [q. v.] in 570 (1175) he gave his brother Masʿūd command of the troops sent to relieve Ḥalab, which was being besieged by Saladin. After Saladin had left Ḥalab and seized ¶ the citadel of Ḥimṣ, Masʿūd, who had in the meanwhile attached the Ḥalabīs to his side, attacked him but was defeated in Ramaḍān 570 (April 1175) at Ḳurūn Ḥamāt. Saif al-Dīn died on 3rd Ṣaf…

al-Faḍl

(66 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Yaḥyā, a Barmakid, born in Ḏh̲u ’l-Ḥid̲j̲d̲j̲a 148 (February 766), governor of Ḏj̲urd̲j̲ān, Ṭabarīstān, al-Raiy etc. 176—180(792— 796-797) and of Ḵh̲orāsān 178-179 (794-795— 795-796). On the fall of the Barmakids in 187 (803) he was thrown into prison. He died in confinement in al-Raḳḳa in Ramaḍān 192 or Muḥarram 193 (808). For further details see above i. 665a (article bakmakids). (K. V. Zetterstéen)

Ḏj̲aʿfar

(22 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Yaḥyā. See also the art. ʿabbāsa and Bouvat, Les Barmécides d’après les historiens arabes et persans. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

K̲h̲ālid

(865 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḳasrī, governor of the ʿIrāḳ. The Ḳasr family to which Ḵh̲ālid belonged was a branch of the tribe of Bad̲j̲īla [q. v.]; his mother was a Christian. In the year 89 (707/708) or 91 (709/710) he was appointed governor of Mekka by the Caliph al-Walīd. Here he remained during the life time of al-Walīd; after the accession of Sulaimān in 96 (715), however, he was dismissed and lived in retirement until in S̲h̲awwāl, 105 (March, 724), His̲h̲ām appointed him successor of the governor ʿUmar…

Ḳaḥṭaba

(529 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. S̲h̲abīb al-Ṭāʾī, an Arab general. We find Ḳaḥṭaba, whose real name was Ziyād, mentioned as early as the year 100(718/719) among the twelve chiefs of the ʿAbbāsid faction in Ḵh̲orāsān, who are said to have been chosen by the Kūfan emissary Abū ʿIkrima al-Sarrād̲j̲ to further ¶ the ʿAbbāsid cause. When the long prepared revolution broke out in the summer of 129 (747), Ḳaḥṭaba was in Mecca to which he had gone in order during the pilgrimage to meet in person the leader of the ʿAbbāsids, Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad [q. v.]. He did not return to Ḵh̲o…

Ibn al-ʿAmīd

(520 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
, the name of two viziers: 1. Abu ’l-Faḍl Muḥammad b. Abī ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusain b. Muḥammad al-Kātib, called Ibn al-Amīd after his father who was known as al-ʿAmīd and had been Mardāwīd̲j̲’s vizier. In 388 (939-940) Ibn al-ʿAmīd was appointed vizier by the Būyid Rukn al-Dawla. He was held in great esteem by the latter and his influence continued to increase. In 344 (955-6) the Ḵh̲orāsānians under Muḥammad b. Mākān advanced against al-Raiy and Iṣfahān, which fell into their hands. Ibn al-ʿAmīd was defeated; while …

al-Zainabī

(395 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
, Abu ’l-Ḳāsim ʿAlī b. Ṭirād b. Muḥammad, a vizier of the ʿAbbāsids. He and his family had the name Zainabī because they were descended from Zainab bint Sulaimān b. ʿAlī b. ʿAbd Allāh b. al-ʿAbbās, the cousin of the two first ʿAbbāsids, who was held in great honour among the ʿAbbāsids. In Rad̲j̲ab 453 (July—Aug. 1061) his father Ṭirād was appointed chief inspector ( naḳīb al-nuḳabāʾ) of the ʿAbbāsid s̲h̲arīfs and after his death in Shawwāl 491 (Sept. 1098), ʿAlī al-Zainabī inherited this office with which was combined in 517 (1123—1124) that of the ʿAlid chief inspectorate ( niḳābat al-ʿalawī…

al-Maʾmūn

(1,269 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
, ʿAbu ’l-Abbās ʿAbd Allāh [b. Hārūn], ʿAbbāsid caliph, born in Rabīʿ I 170 (Sept. 786), son of Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd and a Persian slave named Marād̲j̲il. After a desperate struggle, which ended in the assassination of the Caliph al-Amīn [q. v.] in Muḥarram 198 (Sept. 813), the latter’s brother al-Maʾmūn ascended the throne; it was six years, however, before he could make his entry into Bag̲h̲dād. On account of his sympathy for things Persian, which was stimulated by the vizier al-Faḍl b. Sahl [q. v.] the Caliph was not ¶ at all popular with the Arabs. An ʿAlid Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm, usu…

Naṣr b. Saiyār

(1,847 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
al-Lait̲h̲ī, governor of Ḵh̲urāsān. As early as 86 (705) we find him distinguishing himself in the campaigns of Ḳutaiba b. Muslim [q. v.] in Central Asia and from this time onwards his name is often mentioned in history. In 106 (724) he took part in the campaign conducted by Muslim b. Saʿīd al-Kilābī, governor of Ḵh̲urāsān, against Farg̲h̲āna. When the two tribes of Rabī’a and al-Azd refused military service, Naṣr was sent with the Mudarīs against the mutineers and defeated them at al-Barūḳān ne…

Ibn Muḳla

(491 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
, Abū ʿAlī Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan b. Muḳla, an ʿAbbāsid vizier, born in Bag̲h̲dād in 272 (886). He was first of all collector of taxes in a district of Fārs, but in the middle of Rabīʿ I 316 (May 928) he was appointed vizier by al-Muḳtadir. After two years of beneficial activity, he was dismissed on Ḏj̲umāda I 318 (June 930) because he was on intimate terms with Muʾnis, the chief of the Praetorians, whom the Caliph hated, and his enemy the chief of police, Muḥammad b. Yāḳūt, had him arrested and burned his house. After a considerable sum had been extorted from him, he was banished to Fārs. In ¶ Ḏh̲u…

al-Ḍaḥḥāk

(542 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Ḳais al-Fihrī, chief of the tribe of Ḳais, an ardent partisan of Muʿāwiya. In the year 39 = 659-660 by the latter’s orders he undertook an expedition with 3000 men against the partisans of ʿAlī in the Ḥid̲j̲āz and barred the way for pilgrims to Mecca, till ʿAlī sent Ḥud̲j̲r b. ʿAdī al-Kindī against him, who put al-Ḍaḥḥāk to flight. In the year 55 = 674-675 or according to another authority in 54 he was appointed governor of Kūfa. After filling this office for some time, he was dismissed in 58 =…

ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusain

(46 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
See also Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲, Paris, i. 59; v. 2, 163 sq., 172 sq., 368; vi. 30, 165; viii. 30; Guidi, Tables alphabétiques ¶ and Barbier de Meynard, Surnoms et sobriquets dans la littérature arabe, in J.A., ser. x., ix. 391. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

Mazyadīs

(1,074 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
, a Muḥammadan dynasty in al-Ḥilla. The Banū Mazyad belonged to the tribe of Asad and lived west of the Tigris, from Kūfa to Hīt. In the southeast, on the Ḵh̲ūzistān frontier, the Banū Dubais had settled. When Abū ’l-G̲h̲anāʾim Muḥammad b. Mazyad, who was related to the Banū Dubais, slew one of their chiefs with ¶ whom he had quarrelled, a war broke out between the two tribes (401 = 1010-1011). Abū ’l-G̲h̲anāʾim fled to his brother Abū ’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī; the latter set out against the Banū Dubais with an army, but was defeated and Abu ’l-G̲h̲anāʾim fell …

Luʾluʾ

(731 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
, Badr al-Dīn Abu ’l-Faḍāʾil al-Malik al-Raḥīm, Atābeg of al-Mawṣil. Luʾluʾ, who had once been his slave, had great influence with the Zangid Nūr al-Dīn Arslān S̲h̲āh I and when Nūr al-Dīn on his deathbed(607 = 1210—1211) confirmed the nomination of his son al-Malik al-Ḳāhir ʿIzz al-Dīn Masʿūd as his successor, he appointed Luʾluʾ as regent of the kingdom, while the younger son Imād al-Dīn Zangī was given the two fortresses of al-ʿAḳr and S̲h̲ūsh near al-Mawṣil. At the end of Rabīʿ I, 615 (end of June 1218) al-Malik al-Ḳāhir died after appointing his minor son Nūr ¶ al-Dīn Arslān S̲h̲āh his…

al-ʿAbbās

(167 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Muḥammed b. ʿAlī b. ʿAbd Allāh, brother of the caliphs Abu ’l-ʿAbbās al-Saffāḥ and Abu Ḏj̲aʿfar al-Manṣūr. ʿAbbās helped to retake Malaṭya in 139 (756), and three years later was appointed by al-Manṣūr as governor of Mesopotamia and the neighboring frontier district. He was dismissed in 155 (772); that does not prevent his name from figuring frequently in the history of the times which followed immediately, however little important his political part may have been. He especially and often distingui…

Abū Salama

(323 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
al-Ḵh̲allāl Ḥafṣ b. Sulaimān, an emissary of the first ʿAbbāsides. Abū Salama, who was nothing more than a freed slave, took an active part in the cunning intrigues of the ʿAbbāsides, which prepared the final fall of the Umaiyad caliphate. After the ʿAbbāsides had allied themselves with the ʿAlides, an active propaganda in favor of the „Hās̲h̲imides“, i. e. the descendants of Hās̲h̲im, the ancestor of Muḥammed, was carried on. As a matter of fact this name could be applied according to circumstance…

Rabīb al-Dawla

(234 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
Abū Manṣūr b. Abī S̲h̲ud̲j̲āʿ Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusain, a vizier. When the vizier Abū S̲h̲ud̲j̲āʿ Muḥammad al-Rūd̲h̲rāwarī [q. v.] made the pilgrimage to Mecca in 481 (1089) he appointed his son Rabīb al-Dawla and the naḳīb al-nuḳabāʾ Ṭirād b. Muḥammad al-Zainabī his deputies and in 507 (1113 — 1114) on the death of Abu ’l-Ḳāsim ʿAlī b. Fak̲h̲r al-Dawla Muḥammad b. Ḏj̲ahīr [see the article ibn d̲j̲ahīr, 3] Rabīb al-Dawla was appointed vizier of the caliph al-Mustaẓhir [q. v.]. In Ḏh̲u ’l-Ḥid̲j̲d̲j̲a 511 (April 1118) the fourteen year old Maḥmūd b. Muḥammad succee…

Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir

(294 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
, governor of Ḵh̲urāsān. After the death of his father, Muḥammad received the governorship of Ḵh̲urāsān (Rad̲j̲ab 248 = Sept. 862). In 250 (864—5) the ʿAlid al-Ḥasan b. Zaid rebelled, which led to a long and serious struggle [see muḥammad b. ʿabd allāh]. When ʿAbd Allāh al-Sid̲j̲gī rebelled against Yaʿḳūb b. al-Lait̲h̲ al-Ṣaffār and appealed for help to Muḥammad, who appointed him governor of al-Tabasain and Ḳuhistān, Yaʿḳūb found a welcome pretext to invade Ḵh̲urāsān. Muḥammad sent an embassy to him; but as Yaʿḳūb had already found a f…

ʿAmr b. Saʿīd al-As̲h̲daḳ

(47 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
See also Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲, Paris, v. 198 sq., 206, 233 sqq.; vi. 217 sqq.; ix. 58; Guidi, Tables alphabétiques; Wellhausen, Das arabische Reich, p. 108, 118; Buhl, Die Krisis der Umajjadenherrschaft im Jahre 684, in J. A., xxvii. 50—64. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

al-Ḳaʿḳāʿ

(480 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. ʿAmr b. Mālik al-Tamīmī, an Arab general. When Sad̲j̲āḥ bint al-Ḥārit̲h̲ gave herself out to be a prophetess after the death of ¶ Muḥammad, al-Ḳaʿḳāʿ joined her and is said to have fought on her side. But in the period following he always retained his Muslim views, and as a subordinate of the famous Ḵh̲ālid b. al-Walīd [q. v.] he played a very prominent part in the earliest wars of Islām. As early as the year II (632) he is reported to have fought faithfully on the side of Ḵh̲ālid in the battle of Buzāk̲h̲a [q. v.]…
▲   Back to top   ▲