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Modernism

(2,608 words)

Author(s): Weinzierl, Erika
1. Term, Contents, Goals In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, “modernism” refers to a broad movement around the turn of the 20th century that sought to reconcile Catholic teaching and practice with modern science and the modern world. The movement was condemned by Pius X (1903–14) in his 1907 encyclical Pascendi, which called modernists the church’s worst enemies because they were inside it. The stern judgment and punishment (Church Discipline) of the widely varying thought and writing of philosophers and theologians in several different c…