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Baptism

(696 words)

Author(s): Weber, Jürgen
The Ritual 1. a) Baptism is the celebration of the ritual, common to all Christian churches, that establishes reception into the Church as a religious community. Thus it is a rite of initiation. Water, and the Trinitarian formula, “I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit,” are the twin essential elements of this ritual. At baptism, candidates are immersed, either totally or partially, in water, or water flows over them, or they are sprinkled with water. Luther derives the word Taufe (‘Baptism’), with etymological correctness, from tief (‘deep’).1 b) In…

Baptists

(1,650 words)

Author(s): Weber, Jürgen
Radical Evangelical Christians 1. The Baptists (originally, German Täufer) base their lives radically on the Bible, refusing all compromise; consequently, they refuse military duty. Unlike other churches, they practice only adult baptism. Their origins lie in sixteenth-century Central Europe. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, another group appeared, in the Anglo-Saxon region, the “Baptists” (from the Greek, baptízein, ‘baptize,’ ‘immerse’). Owing, presumably, to cultural reservations and differences, there was scarcely any contact between the ‘baptist’ ( Täufe…