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Tafsīr of Ezekiel (Jud.-Pers. Tafsīr-i Yehezkel)

(396 words)

Author(s): Thamar E. Gindin
The Tafsīr of Ezekiel ( Tafsīr-i Yeḥezkel), the longest known early Judeo-Persian text (MS Firkovitch Yevr.-Arab. I 1682), is 226 pages long and was written by four different authors in two different dialects of early Judeo-Persian. It was introduced by Salemann in 1900 and published by Gindin in 2007. The first pages are missing, and the manuscript begins in the middle of the commentary on Ezekiel 1:21. It ends neatly at the end of Ezekiel 39, with no colophon. Based on paleography, language, one historical reference, and one geographical reference, Tafsīr of Ezekiel probably dates fr…

Judeo-Persian language

(1,826 words)

Author(s): Thamar E. Gindin
Judeo-Persian is the name given to a large group of similar and usually mutually intelligible dialects of Persian spoken or written by Iranian Jews. Linguistically, Iran stretches from Afghanistan in the east, through Bukhara, to eastern Turkey and Iraq in the west, and the Caucasus in the north. Judeo-Persian is documented from the eighth century onwards; that is, only varieties of New Persian (NP) are documented. There is, however, some evidence of the existence of a Jewish variety of Persian as early as the Achaemenid period (from the 6th century B.C.E.). 1. General Background The Jew…
Date: 2014-09-03

Judeo-Persian Literature

(3,202 words)

Author(s): Thamar E. Gindin | Vera B. Moreen
1. Early Period Early Judeo-Persian literature is a corpus of Jewish documents and literary works written in dialects of Persian between the eighth and twelfth centuries c.e. It includes Bible translations and commentaries, personal and commercial letters, legal documents, grammatical and halakhic (rabbinical law) treatises, and poetry. It also includes tombstone and rock inscriptions. All told, the corpus encompasses some six hundred pages of text in various genres, scripts, and conditions. The no…
Date: 2014-09-03