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Dynastic history

(1,383 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
1. ConceptDynastic history, the dominant model of early modern historiography, developed from the end of the Middle Ages at almost all the major European courts. Its key subject was the particular ruling house, and its job was to trace back to their origins and lend historical legitimacy to as old and illustrious a “lineage” as possible, using genealogies or succession sequences of royal or princely incumbents [5]; [6]. The building blocks of dynastic histories were the universal and regional historiography of the country, which were combined with the histori…
Date: 2019-10-14

Andreas of Regensburg

(774 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
ca 1380-1438. Germany. Augustinian canon at St. Mang near Regensburg. Collector and editor texts on contemporary politics and ecclesiastical and civil law (1421-30); author of a papal and imperial chronicle and of a territorial and dynastic chronicle of Bavaria in German and Latin versions (1427/8-36). Andreas joined the house at St. Mang in 1401 and was dean in the 1430s. Although he seldom left Regensburg, he built up a network of sources of historical information. He made use of th…
Date: 2016-10-17

Gerung, Nikolaus

(366 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
[Blauenstein] pre-1410-ca 1475. Switzerland. Cleric at the minster in Basel, where he wrote a Latin chronicle of the bishops of Basel, and a continuation of the Flores temporum. In cathedral records he is first referred to as "Nicolaus Gerung alias Blauenstein", later simply as "Blauenstein". In 1430 he was appointed chaplain and secretary to the Bishop of Basel, which gave him access to confidential information. After Bishop Johann's death in 1436, he was made chaplain to the cathedral chapter, for which he compiled an archive catalogue and a cartulary.In the year 1475 Nikolaus co…
Date: 2016-10-17

Rorbach, Bernard and Job

(360 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
15th century. Germany. Bernhard Rorbach (1446-82) was a Frankfurt councillor and author of a German-language family and town chronicle which was continued mainly in Latin by his son Job (1469-1502), a canon at the Frankfurt Bartholomäus-Stift, a secular collegiate church.Inspired by his own father's notes on the history of their family and business, Bernhard began a two-pronged family chronicle shortly after his death in 1474. While the Stirps Rorbach concerns itself primarily with the origins, genealogy, births, deaths and marriages, the memorabilia and the wea…
Date: 2016-10-17

Heff, Leonhard

(291 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
15th century. Germany. Professional scribe from Regensburg. Wrote a Latin world chronicle, the Imago mundi. Heff matriculated at the faculty of arts in Vienna in 1459, graduating in 1461. In 1466 he settled in Regensburg, where he copied a number of Latin literary texts, especially for clerical clients. He is last attested in 1476.In 1470-71, under commission to the Regensburg city treasurer Erasmus Trainer, he made a German translation of the Chronica summorum pontificum et imperatorum Romanorum of Andreas of Regensburg under the title Buch von den römischen Kaisern und Päpsten, whi…
Date: 2016-10-17

Offenburg, Henman

(348 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
1379-1459. Germany. Basel entrepreneur and diplomat. Wrote a German-language report on his ambassadorial work and other achievements on behalf of the town of Basel in the years 1413-45. A member of a wealthy Basel family, he made a considerable fortune through foreign trade and bank dealings, and from 1410 belonged to the political leadership of the town, holding the post of guild master ( Oberzunftmeister) among others. His wealth allowed him to withdraw from commercial life in 1423. He invested his money in land and sat as a patrician in the town council. …
Date: 2016-10-17

Mülich, Hektor

(390 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
ca 1420 - 1489/90. Germany. Augsburg merchant and politician. Composed a German-language chronicle of contemporary Augsburg. Mülich belonged to a well-to-do merchant family. He was a member of the council 1465-85; from 1466 he is attested as guild master. His grandfather had already had literary interests. With the help of his brother Jörg, he copied popular spiritual and didactic works for his own library, gathering them in miscellany manuscripts and illustrating some of them himself. These also contain a German version of Sigismund Meisterlin's Chronographia Augustensium, whic…
Date: 2016-10-17

Ebran, Hans, von Wildenberg

(530 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
ca 1430-1501/03. Germany. A politician from a noble house, he composed a German language chronicle of Bavaria in Burghausen (Lower Bavaria) between 1479 and 1493.Hans Ebran came from a Lower Bavarian noble family who were interested in literature: his brother Heinrich Ebran also wrote a chronicle. Hans took part in seven campaigns of Duke Ludwig der Reiche of Landshut, and was knighted in 1462. A member of the ducal council from 1463, he held an important position in the ducal administration as a trained legal practiti…
Date: 2016-10-17

Schwarz, Ulrich

(352 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
1422-78. Germany. Augsburg mayor. Author of chronicle notes on municipal history. Together with the smaller guilds, Schwarz attempted to push through a constitutional reform. Bitter conflicts with competing groups within the oligarchic élite over a period of years ultimately led to his deposition and execution. In the political turmoils of the 16th century, Schwarz was stylized to a negative exemplum, but his descendents lived on in Augsburg as respectable citizens and sought to rehabilitate him in their family history. In the years ca 1466-73, Schwarz compiled …
Date: 2016-10-17

Matthias von Kemnath

(529 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
[Matthias Widman] ca 1429-76. Germany. Born Kemnath (Upper Palatinate). Court chaplain, astrologist and historian in Heidelberg. Wrote a German vernacular Welt- und Fürstenchronik. Matthias matriculated at the faculty of arts at Heidelberg University in 1447, graduating in 1449. In 1457 he is attested as a student of the Italian humanist Arriginus at the Plassenburg (Kulmbach). With Arriginus' recommendation, he returned to Heidelberg, where he was awarded a baccalauriate in canon law in 1465. By 1460 at the latest h…
Date: 2016-10-17

Dynastiegeschichte

(1,225 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
1. BegriffDie D., das vorherrschende Modell der nzl. Historiographie, entstand seit dem ausgehenden MA an nahezu allen größeren europ. Höfen. Ihr zentraler Gegenstand war das jeweils regierende Herrscherhaus, dessen möglichst altes und illustres »Herkommen« durch Genealogien oder Sukzessionsreihen von königlichen bzw. fürstlichen Amtsträgern bis zu ihren Ursprüngen zurückverfolgt und histor. begründet wurde [5]; [6]. Bausteine für D. lieferten die universale und die regionale Historiographie des Landes, die mit den histor. Traditionen der Dynastie (Herkunftssagen, G…
Date: 2019-11-19