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Peirous

(60 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Πείροος, -ως; Peíroos, - ōs). Son of Imbrasus from Aenus [1], together with Acamas leader of the Thracian treaty partners of the Trojans (Hom. Il. 2,844f.); father of Rhigmus ( ibid. 20,484). Killed the Greek Diores [1] and was then killed by Thoas ( ibid. 4,517ff.). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, Nr. 264.

Lampus

(102 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
(Λάμπος/ Lámpos, also Λάμπων/ Lámpōn). [German version] [1] Brother of Priam Son of Laomedon, brother of Priamus; member of the Trojan council of elders; father of Dolops who was killed by Menelaus (Hom. Il. 3,146; 15,526; 20,238; Apollod. 3,146). Christodorus (Anth. Pal. 2,251ff.) describes a statue of L. in the Zeuxippus thermal baths in Constantinople. Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Name of a horse Name of a horse (i.a. Hom. Il. 8,185: horse of Hector; Hom. Od. 23,246: horse of Eos). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Müller, s.v. L., LIMC 6.1, 191 P.…

Coon

(70 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Κόων; Kóōn). Trojan, oldest son of  Antenor [1]. In the attempt to avenge his brother  Iphidamas on Agamemnon, C. injures Agamemnon's arm but is killed by him. As a result of the injury, Agamemnon is forced to leave the fight (Hom. Il. 11,248ff.; 19,53). The scene was depicted on the  Cypselus chest (Paus. 5,19,4). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, no. 196.

Priamus

(818 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Πρίαμος/ Príamos, Lat. Priamus). Last king of Troy, son of Laomedon [1]; frequently called Dardanídēs ('descendant of Dardanus') in the Iliad after his oldest known ancestor Dardanus (family tree: Hom. Il. 20,215 ff.; Apollod. 3,138 ff.; Dardanidae). Husband of the Phrygian Hecabe, he had numerous concubines, including Castianera from Thrace (Hom. Il. 8,304 f.) and Laothoe [3], daughter of the king of the Lelegians (ibid. 21,85 ff.; 22,48). His polygamy typifies P. as an oriental ruler: his marriage…

Castianera

(50 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Καστιάνειρα; Kastiáneira). Legitimate concubine of  Priamus, mother of Gorgythion who was killed by Teucer (Hom. Il. 8,302ff.). She is from Aesyme in Thrace: Priamus' marriage policy creates a widespread network of relationships to diverse coalition partners. Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography G. Wickert-Micknat, Die Frau (ArchHom R), 1982, 83.

Nastes

(71 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Νάστης/ Nástēs). Son of Nomion, commander of the Trojans' Carian allies, together with his brother Amphimachus [3] (cf. Hom. Il. 2,867ff.). He or his brother (the grammatical reference is ambiguous) went to war ‘wearing gold like a girl’ and was killed by Achilles in the river battle. According to Dictys 4,12, both brothers fell to Ajax. Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, nr. 237.

Pedaeus

(47 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Πήδαιος; Pḗdaios). Trojan, the illegitimate son of Antenor [1]. For Antenor’s sake his wife, Theano, brought up P. with their own children. He was killed by Meges (Hom. Il. 5,69-75). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, Nr. 274.

Phaenops

(97 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
(Φαῖνοψ; Phaînops). [German version] [1] Hector's friend from Abydus Hector’s friend and guest from Abydus [1]. Apollo appears before Hector in the guise of P. (Hom. Il. 17,583). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Father of the Trojan warriors, Xanthus and Thoon Father of Xanthus and Thoon who are killed outside Troy (Hom. Il. 5,152ff.). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [3] Father of the Phrygian leader Phorcys Father of the Phrygian leader Phorcys [2] who is killed outside Troy (Hom. Il. 17,312ff.). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. W…

Caletor

(87 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
(Καλήτωρ; Kalḗtōr). [German version] [1] Father of Aphareus Achaean, father of Aphareus who was killed by Aeneas (Hom. Il. 13.541). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Cousin of Hector Trojan, son of  Clytius [4], cousin of Hector (Hom. Il. 15.419ff.), brother-in-law of  Cycnus [2] (Paus. 10.14.2). Killed by  Ajax [1] when attempting to set one of the Achaean ships on fire (Hom. Il. 15.419ff.;  Tabula Iliaca). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography R. Hampe, s.v. Alexandros (89), LIMC 1.1, 517 P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, …

Calesius

(36 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Καλήσιος; Kalḗsios). Trojan ally from Arisbe (northern Troad), charioteer of Axylus, slain together with Axylus by Diomedes (Hom. Il. 6.18). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, no. 184.

Scamandrius

(61 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
(Σκαμάνδριος). [German version] [1] Son of Hector and Andromache See Astyanax. Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Trojan, son of Strophius Trojan, son of Strophius; skilled huntsman, taught by Artemis personally, but this did not save him from death at the hands of Menelaus (Hom. Il. 5,49-58). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, No. 308.

Phereclus

(73 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
(Φέρεκλος/ Phéreklos). [German version] [1] Trojan Troianer Trojan, son of Tecton ('master builder') and grandson of Harmon ('joiner'); he constructed the ships which Paris used to kidnap Helen [1]; he was killed by Meriones  (Hom. Il. 5,59ff.; Ov. Epist. 16,22). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Helmsman of Theseus Theseus’ helmsman on his journey to Crete (Simon. 550b PMG). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, Nr. 334.

Ucalegon

(74 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Οὐκαλέγων from  οὐκ ἀλέγων, 'without care', Latin Ucalegon). Member of the Trojan council of elders (Hom. Il. 3,146). In Vergil one of the Trojans whose houses were the first to go up in flames when the city was conquered (Verg. Aen. 2,311 f., taken up in  Juv. 3,198 f.). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography F. Bliss, Ucalegon and the Scaean Gate, in: Vergilius 42, 1996, 50-54  P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, Nr. 253.

Ilus

(158 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
(Ἶλος; Îlos). [German version] [1] Founder of Troy Heros eponymos and founder of Ilios/Ilium ( Troy); son of  Tros, father of  Laomedon (Hom. Il. 20,231ff.;  Dardanidae). His tomb is mentioned in the Iliad (11,166 et passim) as a fixed topographical point in the plain of Troy. The fullest account of the foundation legend is offered by Apollod. 3,140ff.; a coin of the emperor Caracalla from Ilium shows I. sacrificing before the  Palladion, which he received from Zeus at the founding of the city, according to Apollodorus. Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Aeneas Ac…

Tros

(90 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
(Τρώς; Trṓs). [German version] [1] Eponymous king of the Trojans Eponymous king of the Trojans; grandson of Dardanus [1], great-grandfather of Priamus and Anchises (family tree: Hom. Il. 20,215-240; Apollod. 3,138-153; Dardanidae). Owner of miraculous horses, given him by Zeus as recompense for his abducted son Ganymedes [1]  (Hom. Il. 5,265-267). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Trojan, son of Alastor Trojan, son of Alastor, in vain asks Achilles to spare his life (Hom. Il. 20,463-472). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnair…

Panthous

(119 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Πάνθοος/ Pánthoos, Πάνθους/ Pánthous). Member of the Trojan Council of Elders (Hom. Il. 3,146); son of Othrys (Verg. Aen. 2,319), husband of Phrontis (Hom. Il. 17,40), father of Polydamas [1], Euphorbus and Hyperenor (Hom. Il. 13,756; 16,808; 17,23f.). In Virgil, he is a priest of Apollo who hands Troy's Penates to Aeneas [1] and is killed soon thereafter (Verg. Aen. 2,318ff. and 429f.). According to schol. T on Hom. Il. 12,211f. and Serv. auct. Aen. 2,319, he was a priest of Apollo in Delphi who had been taken along or abducted to Troy by a Trojan legation. Stoevesandt, Mag…

Pedasus

(231 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) | Schwertheim, Elmar (Münster)
(Πήδασος; Pḗdasos). [German version] [1] Trojan Trojan, son of the nymph Abarbaree and of Laomedon's illegitimate son Bucolion; together with his brother Aesepus, he is killed by Euryalus [1] (Hom. Il. 6,20ff.). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Horse of Achilleus [1] Horse of Achilles [1], captured during the conquest of Thebes (at the foot of the Placus in the Troad); while being led into battle by Patroclus as an ancillary horse alongside Achilles' divine horses, it is killed by Sarpedon (Hom. Il. 16,152ff. and 467ff.). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliograph…

Capys

(234 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) | Walde, Christine (Basle)
(Κάπυς; Kápys; Lat. Capys). [German version] [1] Vater des Anchises Trojan, descendant of Dardanus ( Dardanidae), father of  Anchises (Hom. Il. 20.239). According to some myths, his grandson Aeneas [1] founded the Arcadian Kap(h)yae (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1.49.1; Steph. Byz. s.v. Καφύαι), his great-grandson Rhomus founded Capua (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1.73.3) and named it after him. Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) [German version] [2] Founder of Capua In Virgil and others (Verg. Aen. 10.145 with Servius ad loc.), a Trojan of the same name from the generation of Ae…

Laomedon

(589 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Λαομέδων; Laomédōn, ‘Ruler of the People’). [German version] [1] Mythical king of Troy Mythical king of Troy, son of Ilus [1]. Sons: Priamus, Hicetaon, Clytius [ I4], Lampus, Tithonus (Hom. Il. 20,236ff.), the illegitimate Bucolion (ibid. 6,23), and according to Ilias parva 29,4 PEG I Ganymede [1] as well. Daughters: Antigone [4], Astyoche [2], Hesione [4], etc. The main sources for his story (diverging in the details) are Homer (Il. 5,640ff.; 7,452f.; 20,145ff.; 21,441ff.), Apollodorus (2,103f.; 1…

Paris

(1,473 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) | Benz, Lore (Kiel)
[German version] [1] Son of Priamus and Hecabe, abductor of Helena (Πάρις; Páris). Son of the Trojan ruling couple Priamus and Hecabe, abductor of Helena [1]. Also called Aléxandros; how the names came to be used parallel to each other is uncertain, as is the relationship between Aléxandros and the vassal king Alaksandu of Wilusa, who is referred to in the text of a Hittite treaty from the 13th cent. BC. Since it appears to be certain that Wilusa is identical with (W)ilios/Troy [7. 448-456], it may be that behind the name P./Alexandros is a histo…
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