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Nettleship, Henry

(451 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
British classical philologist. Born Kettering (Northamptonshire) 5. 5. 1839, died Oxford 10. 7. 1893. Private (public) school, then 1857 studied at Corpus Christi College, Oxford; 1862 fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford. From 1868, teacher at Harrow School in London; from 1873 fellow and lecturer at Christ Church College, 1878 prof. of Latin at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Work and influence After an excellent school education, N. began his studies at Oxford with a scholarship and proceeded to win several prizes. Although his 1861 degree was not remark…

Ventris, Michael

(413 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
British architect and linguist. Born Michael George Francis V., Wheathampstead (Herts.), 12. 7. 1922, died Hatfield (Herts.) 6. 9. 1956. Studied Latin and Greek at school. 1940–1948 studied architecture in London, interrupted by military service in World War II. Thereafter various activities as architect and amateur cryptographer. Deciphered Linear B with John Chadwick from 1952. OBE 1955. Work and influence Even as a schoolboy, V. showed great interest in ancient languages and cultures and in language and writing systems in general. At the age of 14, he…

Gaisford, Thomas

(817 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
British classical philologist and theologian. Born Iford Manor, Wiltshire, 22. 12. 1779, died Oxford 2. 6. 1855. Attended Hyde Abbey School, Winchester; from 1797 studies at Christ Church College, Oxford. Graduated 1804; 1831 doctorate in theology, Oxford. From 1812, Regius Prof. of Greek at Oxford; from 1831 dean of Christ Church College. Career G. came from a wealthy family, and he studied at Christ Church College, Oxford, from 1797 to 1804, his teachers including Cyril Jackson. He then became a tutor there, and from 1809 also an examiner, but h…

Murray, Gilbert

(745 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
Australian-British classical philologist. Born Sydney 2. 1. 1866 as George Gilbert Aimé M., died Yatscombe (near Oxford) 20. 5. 1957. School in Australia and London; studied at St. John’s College, Oxford; from 1888 fellow at New College, Oxford. From 1889 prof. of Greek in Glasgow; 1899 retired for health reasons. From 1905 prof. of Greek at Oxford; retired 1936. Guest prof. at Harvard 1925/26; various political commitments. Refused knighthood 1912; 1941 Order of Merit; fellow of the British Academy. Career, works and influence M. was born into a politically active family of t…

Jowett, Benjamin

(442 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
British Hellenist and theologian. Born London 15. 4. 1817, died Headley Park (Hampshire) 1. 10. 1893. School in London; studied at Balliol College, Oxford. From 1838 fellow there, from 1842 tutor. 1842 ordination as deacon in the Anglican Church; 1845 ordination as priest. From 1855 Regius Prof. of Greek at Oxford. Master of Balliol College from 1870. Work and influence J. learned Latin and Greek at school and continued his studies at Balliol College with great success from 1836. At the time, the college was the intellectual centre of the Univ. of Oxford…

Gaisford, Thomas

(752 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
Brit. Klass. Philologe und Theologe. Geb. am 22. 12. 1779 in Iford Manor (Wiltshire), gest. am 2. 6. 1855 in Oxford. Privatschulbesuch; ab 1797 Studium am Christ Church College in Oxford; Abschluss 1804; 1831 Prom. in Theologie ebda. Ab 1812 Regius Prof. of Greek in Oxford; ab 1831 Dean des Christ Church College. Werdegang G. stammte aus einer wohlhabenden Familie und studierte 1797–1804 am Oxforder Christ Church College, u. a. bei Cyril Jackson. Anschließend wurde er hier Tutor, ab 1809 auch Prüfer, widmete sich aber mehr seinen eigenen Studie…

Nettleship, Henry

(410 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
Brit. Klass. Philologe. Geb. am 5. 5. 1839 in Kettering (Northamptonshire), gest. am 10. 7. 1893 in Oxford. Privatschulbesuch; 1857 Studium am Corpus Christi College in Oxford; 1862 Fellow am Lincoln College ebda. Ab 1868 Lehrer an der Harrow School in London; ab 1873 Fellow sowie Dozent am Christ Church College, 1878 Prof. für Latein am Corpus Christi College in Oxford. Werk und Wirkung Nach einer hervorragenden Schulausbildung begann N. sein Studium in Oxford mit einem Stipendium und gewann in der Folge mehrere Preise. Obwohl sein Studienabschluss 1861…

Murray, Gilbert

(683 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
Austral.-brit. Klass. Philologe. Geb. am 2. 1. 1866 in Sydney als George Gilbert Aimé M., gest. am 20. 5. 1957 in Yatscombe bei Oxford. Schulbesuch in Australien und London; Studium am John’s College, Oxford; ab 1888 Fellow am New College ebda. Ab 1889 Prof. of Greek in Glasgow; 1899 Rückzug aus gesundheitlichen Gründen. Ab 1905 Prof. of Greek in Oxford; 1936 Emeritierung. 1925/26 Gastprof. in Harvard; diverse polit Engagements; 1912 Ablehnung des Ritterschlags; 1941 Order of Merit; Fellow der British Acad. Werdegang, Werk und Wirkung M. entstammte einer polit. aktiven Famil…

Jowett, Benjamin

(409 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
Brit. Gräzist und Theologe. Geb. am 15. 4. 1817 in London, gest. am 1. 10. 1893 in Headley Park (Hampshire). Schulbesuch in London; Studium am Oxforder Balliol College; ab 1838 Fellow, ab 1842 Tutor ebda. 1842 Ordination als anglikanischer Diakon; 1845 Ordination als Priester. Ab 1855 Regius Prof. of Greek in Oxford; ab 1870 Leiter des Balliol College. Werk und Wirkung J. lernte bereits in der Schule Latein und Griechisch und setzte seine Studien ab 1836 mit großem Erfolg am Balliol College fort. Dieses war damals das geistige Zentrum der Univ. Oxford…

Ventris, Michael

(399 words)

Author(s): Stephan, U. C. A.
Engl. Architekt und Sprachwissenschaftler. Geb. am 12. 7. 1922 in Wheathampstead als Michael George Francis V., gest. am 6. 9. 1956 nahe Hatfield (beide in Hertfordshire). Bereits in der Schule Unterricht in Latein und Griechisch; 1940–1948 Studium der Architektur in London, unterbrochen vom Militärdienst im Zweiten Weltkrieg; danach verschiedene Tätigkeiten als Architekt und als Hobby-Kryptograph; ab 1952 mit John Chadwick Entzifferung von Linear B. 1955 Aufnahme in den Brit. Ritterorden (OBE; Sir Michael). Werk und Wirkung Schon als Schüler zeigte V. großes Intere…

Pfeiffer, Rudolf

(849 words)

Author(s): Berner, Hans-Ulrich | Stephan, U. C. A.
German classical philologist. Born Rudolf Carl Franz Otto P., Augsburg, 28. 9. 1889, died Dachau (Munich) 5. 5. 1979. School in Augsburg; read Germanic studies and classical philology at Munich, doctorate in Germanic studies 1913. War service; then 1918 worked as librarian, 1921 habil. at Munich. 1923 prof. ext. at Berlin; 1923 prof. ord. in classical philology at Hamburg; 1927 prof. ord. at Freiburg; 1929 prof. ord. at Munich. Emigrated 1937, worked as private scholar in Oxford; from 1946 lectu…

Pfeiffer, Rudolf

(757 words)

Author(s): Berner, Hans-Ulrich | Stephan, U. C. A.
Dt. Klass. Philologe. Geb. am 28. 9. 1889 in Augsburg als Rudolf Carl Franz Otto P., gest. am 5. 5. 1979 in Dachau. Schulbesuch in Augsburg; Studium der Germanistik und Klass. Phil. in München, 1913 germanistische Prom. Kriegsdienst; danach 1918 Bibliothekar, 1921 Habil. in München. 1923 ao.Prof. in Berlin; 1923 o.Prof. für Klass. Phil. in Hamburg; 1927 o.Prof. in Freiburg; 1929 o.Prof. in München. 1937 Emigration, danach Privatgelehrter in Oxford; ab 1946 Lecturer in Oxford, 1948 Senior Lecturer, 1950 Reader ebda.; 1951–1957 o.Prof. für Klass. Phil. in München. Werk und Wirkung P…