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Rābiʿa al-ʿAdawīya

(1,608 words)

Author(s): Smith, Margaret
, a famous mystic and saint of Baṣra, a freedwoman of the Āl ʿAtīk, a tribe of Ḳais b. ʿAdī, known also as al-Ḳaisīya, born 95 (713—714) or 99, died and was buried at Baṣra in 185 (801). A few verses of hers are recorded : she is mentioned, and her teaching quoted, by most of the Ṣūfī writers and the biographers of the saints. Born into a poor home, she was stolen as a child and sold into slavery, but her sanctity secured her freedom, and she retired to a life of seclusion and celibacy, at first in the desert and then in Baṣra, where she gathered round her ma…