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Sabarcae

(97 words)

Author(s): Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand (Graz)
[German version] A people celebrated as fierce warriors (cf. Curt. 9,8,4; Diod. Sic. 17,102,2: Σαμβασταί/ Sambastaí) with a democratic government [2. 110; 3. 158; 4. 103, 176 ff.] and praised in Sanskrit and Pāli literature (Sanskrit Ambaṣṣa). They were settled south of the Malli at the confluence of the Acesines [2] and the Indus and were subjugated by Perdiccas [4] (Arr. Anab. 6,15,1: Ἀβαστανοί/ Abastanoí) in 325 BC. Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand (Graz) Bibliography 1 Berve, vol. 1, 271 2 A. S. Altekar, State and Government in Ancient India, 1958 3 R. C. Majumdar, Ancient India, 1…

Sabarcae

(87 words)

Author(s): Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand † (Graz)
[English version] Als kriegstüchtig (vgl. Curt. 9,8,4; Diod. 17,102,2: Σαμβασταί/ Sambastaí) gefeiertes, demokratisch regiertes [2. 110; 3. 158; 4. 103, 176 ff.] und in der Sanskrit- und Pāli-Lit. (sanskrit Ambaṣṣa) gerühmtes Volk, südl. der Malloi an der Mündung des Akesines [2] in den Indos siedelnd, von Perdikkas [4] (Arr. an. 6,15,1: Ἀβαστανοί) 325 v. Chr. unterworfen. Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand † (Graz) Bibliography 1 Berve, Bd. 1, 271 2 A. S. Altekar, State and Government in Ancient India, 1958 3 R. C. Majumdar, Ancient India, 1964 4 B. Prakash, Political and Social M…

Zaba

(66 words)

Author(s): Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand (Graz)
[German version] (Ζάβα/ Zába). An island, which Ptol. 7,4,13, while listing islands off Taprobane (Ptol. 7,4,11), mentions only by name. Given the geographical width and length of the Bóreion ákron of Taprobane (Ptol. 7,4,2) Z. has to be located to the east of Sri Lanka, so that the Nicobar islands are the most likely candidates. Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand (Graz) Bibliography H. Treidler, s. v. Zaba, RE 9 A, 2195-2197.

Human rights

(3,325 words)

Author(s): Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand (Graz) | Kammasch, Tim | Schwarz, Stefan
Schwarz, Franz Ferdinand (Graz) Kammasch, Tim [German version] A. Clarification of Term (CT) Since the great human rights (HR) declarations of the 18th cent., HR have been understood to mean those individual legal claims to protection of basic freedoms and necessities of life that everyone is entitled to by virtue of one's humanity. By their focus on individual human beings, HR extend to all humans equally, and thus universally (cf. Art. 2, UN Declaration of Human Rights of 1948). Linked to the idea of HR as…