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Plutarch of Chaeronea (388)

(2,789 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 October 2012. About this Historian Historian: Plutarch (Ploutarchos) Jacoby number: 388 Attested works: Historian's date: 1st century AD 2nd century AD Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | B. Authors on Single Cities and Regions | XII. Boeotia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 388 F 1 Source: Eusebios of Caesarea, Evangelical Preparation 3 prooemium 5-6 Work mentioned: Source date: 3rd century AD 4th century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: music, greek and roman - …

Anonymous, On Ptolemaios? (376A)

(805 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 October 2011. About this Historian Historian: Anonymous, On Ptolemaios? Jacoby number: 376A Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 376A F 1 Source: unknown, , P. Michigan 4913 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD 3rd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress geography, ancient - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby unknown, P.Mich., 4913Ι. [-------------------].αεαν̣ [καὶ ὥσπερ ἄνθρ]αξ δ…

Paxamos (377)

(412 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 April 2011. About this Historian Historian: Paxamos Jacoby number: 377 Attested works: Historian's date: 1st century AD Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | B. Authors on Single Cities and Regions | XII. Boeotia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 377 T 1 Source: Suda, s.v. Πάξαμος Work mentioned: Source date: 10th century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: biography-to 500 - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Suda, Lexikon, ΠάξαμοςΠάξαμος· λόγιος. ἔγραψεν ᾽Οψαρ…

Lykos, On Thebes (380)

(2,545 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 April 2011. About this Historian Historian: Lykos, On Thebes Jacoby number: 380 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | B. Authors on Single Cities and Regions | XII. Boeotia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 380 F 1 Source: Scholia on Hesiod, Theogony 326 Work mentioned: Source date: 13th century AD 14th century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: religion - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Scholia, 326ἣ δ᾽ ἄρα Φῖκ᾽ ὀ…

Aristophanes of Boiotia (379)

(8,707 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 October 2012. About this Historian Historian: Aristophanes of Boiotia Jacoby number: 379 Attested works: Historian's date: 4th century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | B. Authors on Single Cities and Regions | XII. Boeotia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 379 T 1 Source: Plutarch, On the Malice of Herodotus (Moralia) 31, 864d Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century AD 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: biography-to 500 - Library of Congress Textual ba…

Lysimachos of Alexandria (382)

(15,264 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Lysimachos of Alexandria Jacoby number: 382 Attested works: Theban Paradoxes: F1a, Theban Paradoxes: F1b, Theban Paradoxes: F2, Theban Paradoxes: F3, Theban Paradoxes: F4, T…

Armenidas (378)

(4,519 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 April 2011. About this Historian Historian: Armenidas Jacoby number: 378 Attested works: Historian's date: 5th century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | B. Authors on Single Cities and Regions | XII. Boeotia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 378 F 1 Source: Scholia (L+) on Apollonios of Rhodes, Argonautika 1.551a Work mentioned: Source date: 10th century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: religion - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Scholia, 1.551aἔργον ᾽Α…

Amphion of Thespiai (387)

(442 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 October 2012. …

Kallippos of Corinth (385)

(1,273 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 October 2012. About this Historian Historian: Kallippos of Corinth Jacoby number: 385 Attested works: Historian's date: 1st century AD 2nd century AD Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | B. Authors on Single Cities and Regions | XII. Boeotia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 385 F 1 Source: Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.29.1-2 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: sacrifice - Library of Congress poetry, ancient - …

Nikokrates (376)

(7,413 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert
This entry was prepared by Albert Schachter and published on 1 October 2011. About this Historian Historian: Nikokrates Jacoby number: 376 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | B. Authors on Single Cities and Regions | XII. Boeotia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 376 F 1 Source: unknown, , P. Michigan 4913 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD 3rd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress geography, ancient - Library of Congress Te…

Boeotus

(326 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[German version] (Βοιωτός; Boiōtós). Ancestor of the Boeoti, defies precise identification. Only two genealogies connect him to the region that bears his name. According to Hellanicus (FGrH 4F51) and others [1], he was the son of Poseidon and Arne (who gave her name to the original homeland of the Boeoti). In Paus. (9,1,1) B. is the son of Itonus and Melanippe. One of the two is probably father of Onchestus (Hes. fr. 219 M-W). The myth passed down to us seems to go back no further than two lost pla…

Amphiaraus

(262 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[German version] (Ἀμφιάραος; Amphiáraos). Argive seer. Although he knew that the expedition of the Seven against Thebes was doomed to failure, he had to acquiesce to the judgement of his wife Eriphyle, who had been bribed by Polyneices with the necklace of …

Athamas

(357 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[German version] (Ἀθάμας; Athámas). Son of the elder  Aeolus and Enarete, born in Thessaly (Apollod. 1,51), ruled in Halus and Orchomenus and was married to Nephele, Cadmus' daughter  Ino and Hypseus' daughter Themisto. The preserved myth stems at least partly from lost plays of Aeschylus (TrGF 3.1-4), Soph. (TrGF 4.1-10; 721-723) and Eur. (TGF 398-427; 819-838). Since the curse on A.'s house is mentioned in Hdt. 7,197, one can assume that the myth came from northern Greece to Athens during the time of the Persian Wars. Because Ino wanted to get rid of her stepchildren, she let t…

Actaeon

(297 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[German version] (Ἀκταίων; Aktaíōn). a) Theban: son of Aristaeus, son of Apollo and Cyrene, and Autonoe, daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia (Hes. fr. 217 A; Eur. Bacch. 230). b) Attica: mythical king and eponym of Attica (Str. 9,1,18; Paus. 1,2,6: Actaeus). Variants of a): 1. A. rapes Semele; consequently Zeus sends Artemis to set A.'s dogs on him. A. is torn to pieces. (Hes. fr. 217, cf. 346; Stesich. fr. 236 PMG…

Amphiaraos

(247 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[English version] (Ἀμφιάραος). Argiv. Seher. Obwohl er wußte, daß die Expedition der Sieben gegen Theben zum Scheitern verurteilt war, mußte er sich dem Urteil seiner Frau Eriphyle beugen, die durch Polyneikes mit der Halskette der Harmonia bestochen worden war. Nach Homer (Od. 15,243-255) starb A. in Theben. (Genealogie: Pind. P. 8,39; Diod. 4,68,4 f.) Einer zweiten Version zufolge (evtl. Thebaïs EpGF fr. 9) wurde A. mit seinem Wagen von einer von Zeus geschaffenen Erdspalte verschlungen (Darstellung [2]). A. nahm an den Totenspielen für Pelias (Stesich. fr. 179 PMG), d…

Athamas

(329 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[English version] (Ἀθάμας). Sohn des älteren Aiolos und der Enarete, in Thessalien geboren (Apollod. 1,51), herrschte in Halos und Orchomenos und war mit Nephele, Kadmos' Tochter Ino und Hypseus' Tochter Themisto verheiratet. Der erh. Mythos geht zumindest teilweise auf verlorene Stücke des Aischyl. (TrGF 3.1-4), Soph. (TrGF 4.1-10; 721-723) und Eur. (TGF 398-427; 819-838) zurück. Da der Fluch auf A.' Haus bei Hdt. 7,197 erwähnt wird, kann man annehmen, daß der Mythos während der Perserkriege aus Nordgriechenland nach Athen kam. Weil Ino ihre Stiefkinder loswerden wollte, l…

Charites

(544 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[English version] (Χάριτες). Gruppe von Göttinnen, die Schönheit, Heiterkeit und Überfluß verkörpern. Sie erscheinen zum ersten Mal bei Homer, wo ihre Zahl wie die der Musen nicht eindeutig ist; es ist jedoch klar, daß mehr als eine existierte und nicht alle gleich alt waren. Hera verspricht Hypnos, ihm Pasithee, eine der jüngeren Ch., die er begehrt, zur Frau zu geben (Hom. Il. 14,267-276). In Il. 18,382f. ist eine Ch. auch Frau des Hephaistos, der in der Odyssee ja mit Aphrodite verheiratet ist.…

Boiotos

(303 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[English version] (Βοιωτός). Stammvater der Boiotoi, ist schwer zu erfassen. Nur zwei Genealogien verbinden ihn mit dem Land, das seinen Namen trug. Nach Hellanikos (FGrH 4F51) und anderen [1] war er der Sohn von Poseidon und Arne (Namensgeberin der urspr. Heimat der Boiotoi). Bei Paus. (9,1,1) ist B. der Sohn von Itonos und Melanippe. Einer der beiden ist vermutlich Vater von Onchestos (Hes. fr. 219 M-W). Der uns überlieferte Mythos scheint nicht weiter als auf zwei verlorene Stücke von Euripides…

Daphnephoria

(355 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Albert (Montreal)
[English version] (Δαφνηφορία). Ritus, der wohl überall dort vollzogen wurde, wo Apollon das Epitheton daphnēphóros (“Zweigträger”) trug (z.B. IG IX 2, 1027). Belegt ist nur das thebanische Ritual; Quellen sind Pindar, Proklos und Pausanias, die je ein anderes Stadium in seinem Verlauf behandeln. Die detaillierteste Beschreibung stammt von Proklos, der die von einem Mädchenchor gesungene daphnephorische Ode erklärt (Photios 321a-321b). Der Ritus soll enneaterisch (neunjährlich) abgehalten worden sein. Ein país amphithalḗs (“ringsumblühtes Kind”) führte die Prozess…
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