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Mersin

(204 words)

Author(s): Röllig, W.
, a sea-port on the south coast of Anatolia, capital of the province of Içel with seven districts (1980: 843, 931 inhabitants) and the centre of the Berdan-Ova, where ca. 40,000 ha. irrigated fields of cotton, citrus-trees and vegetables are cultivated. These products are exported through an important harbour (1980: 10,452 m3 wood, 331,145 head of livestock, 74,842 passengers). Beside this, there exists an expanding industry (76 factories, 13,439 labourers) in textiles, chemical products (refinery) and building materials. The regularly-built tow…

Urarṭu and eastern Anatolia c. 700 BC

(1,661 words)

Author(s): Röllig, W.
The map presents the political situation in eastern Anatolia and western Iran a few decades before the fall of the Assyrian Empire (614/12 BC). It centres on the kingdom of Urarṭu, even though – in terms of world history – Urarṭu only played a minor role as an opponent of Assyria. I. Geopolitical situation Urarṭu was flanked anked by Qulḫā/Colchis in the north, an area only sparingly mentioned in ancient sources, and by the territory of the Mannāya/Mannaeans in the southeast, a tribal association of Indo-Aryan descent only known from Assyrian sources. The rugged mountains of the Taurus and Tu…

Mersin

(227 words)

Author(s): Röllig, W.
, port de mer sur la côte méridionale de l’Anatolie, capitale de la province d’Içel comptant sept districts (en 1980: 843 931 habitants), et centre de la Berdan-Ova, où l’on cultive quelque 40 000 ha de terres irriguées en coton, agrumes et légumes. Ces produits sont exportés par un port considérable (en 1980: 10 452 m3 de bois, 331 145 têtes de bétail, 74 842 voyageurs). En outre, on y trouve une industrie en expansion (76 usines, 13 439 ouvriers) dans le textile, les produits chimiques (raffineries) et les matériaux de construction. La ville, au p…

Haran

(355 words)

Author(s): Röllig, W.
[English Version] Haran, Ḫarran, griech./lat. Karr(h)ai, moderne Ortschaft und großes Ruinenfeld bei Altınbaşak, ca.40 km süd-südöstlich von Canlıurfa in der Südosttürkei. – Im AT (Gen 11,26–31) Name eines Bruders des Abraham (: I.), Vater des Lot. Die Stadt H. ist Station auf seinem Wege von Ur nach Kanaan (Gen 11,31; 12,4 f.), Wohnort des Laban, Bruders der Rebekka, zu dem Jakob (: I.) flieht (Gen 27,43). – Die an einem bevorzugten Handelsweg (vgl. Ez 27,23) durch das Tal des Balich nach Anatol…