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Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Peverley, Sarah L." ) OR dc_contributor:( "Peverley, Sarah L." )' returned 21 results. Modify search

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Lydgate, John

(666 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1370-ca 1449. England. Benedictine Monk of Bury St Edmunds, Prior of Hatfield Regis, Essex (1423-34). Arguably the most industrious writer in 15th-century England, Lydgate produced a vast corpus of work in English prose and verse, ranging from saints' lives to political poetry, including several works which border on the chronicle genre.His only prose narrative, the Serpent of Division (1422), uses the life of Julius Caesar to tender a powerful commentary on the difficulties of conciliar rule and the perils of civil "division". Written during Henry …
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronicle of the Rebellion in Lincolnshire

(247 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
15th century. England. Covering events from 6th-26th March 1470, this English vernacular text provides an invaluable, but partisan account of the Lincolnshire rebellion against Edward IV, instigated by George, Duke of Clarence and Richard, Earl of Warwick, and headed by Sir Robert Welles. Written shortly after the rebellion, the Chronicle communicates the official Yorkist view of the uprising, condemning Clarence and Warwick for their subtile and fals conspiracie. It survives in a single late 16th-century manuscript (London, College of Arms, Vincent 435) but circulate…
Date: 2016-10-17

Gower, John

(352 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1330-1408. England. A London landowner and squire, and a major 14th-century poet in Latin, Anglo-Norman and Middle English, whose major works include the Mirour de l'omme (also called Speculum Meditantis or Speculum Hominis), the Confessio Amantis and the Cinkante Balades, as well as two historical works, both in Latin: Vox Clamantis and Cronica Tripertita. The 385-line English poem "In Praise of Peace," addressed to Henry IV also has some historical relevance.Focussing on the evils of 14th-century society, Gower's Latin Vox Clamantis (ca 1378-81), expressing many of the …
Date: 2016-10-17

Hardyng, John

(941 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1378-ca 1465. England. Northumbrian soldier and squire, spy, forger, and cartographer. Author of two versions of a chronicle in English verse. Born in Northumbria, ca 1378, Hardyng began his career as a soldier and squire to Sir Henry Percy (d. 1403). From 1403-37 he served Sir Robert Umfraville (d. 1437) and acted as a spy for Henry V in Scotland (ca 1418-21). By 1440 he was a corrodarian at the Augustinian priory at South Kyme, Lincolnshire, where he began composing the first version of his Chronicle (ca 1450). Comprising 2674 rhyme-royal stanzas and seven folios of Latin prose…
Date: 2016-10-17

Robert of Gloucester

(799 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
fl. 1260-1300. England. The Middle English verse chronicle attributed to Robert of Gloucester has the distinction of being the first vernacular chronicle in England to extend the legendary early history of Britain, as depicted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, down to the chronicler's own times. It survives in two versions: the first and longest (ca 12,000 lines) covers the history of Britain and England from beginning of the world and the ancestors of Brutus to 1270; the second, shorter version (ca 10,000 lines) extends to 1272. Drawing upon Henry of Huntingdon, William of Malmesbury, the Anglo-…
Date: 2016-10-17

Malverne, John

(161 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
d. ca 1414. England. Benedictine prior of Worcester Cathedral Priory (from 1395) and author of a Latin continuation of Higden's Polychronicon covering the years 1348-81. Written shortly after the death of Thomas Hatfield, bishop of Durham, in 1381 (the last event the chronicle records), Malvern's text is an important source for the reigns of Edward III and Richard II. Although numerous copies of the work survive, only one manuscript - Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, ms. 197A (late 14th/early 15th century) - attributes it to Malvern. Whilst there is no reason to doubt t…
Date: 2016-10-17

Caxton, William

(293 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1424-92. England. The first English printer. Born in Kent, Caxton began his career as a London mercer's apprentice (ca 1438). He later worked in Bruges and Cologne as "Governor of the English Nation" (ca 1465-70) and printer (ca 1471-75), before setting up the first printing press in England (ca 1476). Of the various texts issued from his Westminster press, three are historical works: The Cronicles of Englond (1480 and 1482), Godeffroy of Boloyne or The Siege and Conqueste of Jerusalem (1481), which is Caxton's translation of the French version of William of Tyre's histo…
Date: 2016-10-17

Capgrave, John

(425 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
1393-1464. England. Author of numerous works including a Latin Liber de Illustribus Henricis and a Middle English Abbreuiacion of Cronicles. A native of Lynn, Norfolk, Capgrave joined the Augustinian Order (OESA) ca 1410. He studied at London (1417-22) and Cambridge (1422-27) before becoming prior of Lynn and prior provincial of England (1453-57). A prolific writer, he produced approximately forty-one works, including biblical commentaries and saints' lives, but only twelve survive.Completed for Henry VI shortly after his visit to Lynn in 1446, the Liber recounts the deeds of…
Date: 2016-10-17

Warkworth Chronicle

(330 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1425-1500. England (North and East Midlands). A continuation of the English Prose Brut once thought to have been written, ca 1484, by John Warkworth. The continuation covers English history, particularly affairs in the North of England, from 1461-74. It survives in two manuscripts (Cambridge, Peterhouse 190 and University of Glasgow, Hunter 83), which also contain copies of the Brut to 1419 and continuations from 1419-61 based on Caxton's Chronicles of England (1480 or 1482) and Polychronicon (1482) (s.v. Higden, Ranulf). The previous attribution to Warkworth, master…
Date: 2016-10-17

Thomas Castleford's Chronicle

(494 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1327. Northern England. The English vernacular verse chronicle customarily ascribed to Thomas Castleford concentrates on the history of Britain from its mythic naissance to 1327. The narrative, 39,439 lines in length, is prefaced by a version of the pre-Trojan settlement of Albion found in Des Grantz Geanz, and divided into eleven books (twelve if, like Eckhardt, one counts Merlin's Prophecies as separate).Identifying itself, or at least book one, as the Boke of Brut, the chronicle draws much of its early history from Geoffrey of Monmouth, which it supplements wit…
Date: 2016-10-17

Short English Metrical Chronicle

(369 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
[Abridged Metrical Brut] ca 1307. England. Written in Middle English rhyming couplets, the Chronicle survives in five complete manuscripts (ca 1316 to ca 1432), two 14th-century fragments, and one 16th/17th-century fragment. There is also an Anglo-Norman prose version (Cambridge, UL, Gg.1.1, ca 1307), although the precise relationship of this version to the English is undetermined. Two of the five complete witnesses cover British/English history from Brutus to 1307, whilst the others extend to 1312, 1327 and 1430/31 respectively. They vary in length from 1014 to 2370 lines. Fisher…
Date: 2016-10-17

Historie of the Arrival of King Edward IV

(410 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
1471-72. England. The Historie is a Yorkist account of events from 2nd March to 26th May 1471 in English prose, charting the Battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury and Edward IV's recovery of the English throne. It initially circulated as a short French newsletter (ca May 1471), apparently written by Nicholas Harpisfeld, a clerk at the signet office at the time; then in a short English translation (before April 1472), from which a royal servant, possibly a herald, composed a long English Historie (ca 1472), adding his own material (see Visser-Fuchs for a fuller account of the complex text…
Date: 2016-10-17

Knighton, Henry

(263 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
d. ca 1396. England. Augustinian canon of the abbey of St. Mary de Pratis, Leicester. Our knowledge of Knighton, or "Cnitthon" as his acrostic states, stems primarily from his chronicle. He resided at St. Mary's from at least 1370 and, according to Martin, began his chronicle around 1378 (not 1390 as previously proposed), continuing until poor eyesight or death stayed him (ca 1396).Written in Latin prose, and extending from the 10th century to 1396, Knighton's chronicle covers English affairs and relations with France, Scotland and the Low Countries. Knighton's ma…
Date: 2016-10-17

Vale, John

(133 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
fl. 1478-84. England. Originally from Bury St Edmunds, Vale was a servant in the household of Sir Thomas Cook (ca 1410-78), Mayor of London, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1484). His brief chronicle of English affairs from 1431-71 survives in London, BL, add. ms. 48031A, a miscellany of political manifestos, letters, and tracts transcribed by Vale ca 1478-84. Conceivably an original composition by Vale, it utilizes the language and political viewpoint of other documents in Additional 48031A concerning Henry VI's troubled reign, assigning, for example, England's mischefes (troubles) …
Date: 2016-10-17

Lives of Henry V

(765 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1416-46. England. Henry V (1386/7-1422) inspired more biographies than any other medieval English king except for Edward the Confessor. Five 15th-century Latin lives survive and two 16th-century works: one English and one Latin.The earliest and most important work - the anonymous Gesta Henrici Quinti - was compiled between November 1416 and July 1417, probably by a royal chaplain. Divided into 25 prose chapters, it was written to justify and elicit support for Henry V's second campaign against France. It covers events from Henry's coro…
Date: 2016-10-17

Adam of Usk

(245 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1350-1430. England. Author of the Latin Chronicon Ade Vsk , covering the years 1377-1421. Born in Usk, Wales, Adam studied at Oxford, where he became an extraordinarius in canon law and attained a chair in civil law. Between ca 1395-1402 he worked as advocate of the archiepiscopal court of Canterbury, serving both Richard II and Henry IV. From 1402-06 he was chaplain and auditor of causes at the apostolic palace, Rome; then, having fallen out of favour with Henry IV, he lived in exile in France (1406-08). Adam returned…
Date: 2016-10-17

Somer, John

(291 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
d. ca 1409. England. Franciscan Friar and Astronomer. Author of a Latin Chronica quedam brevis (a certain short chronicle). Somer entered the Franciscan convent at Bridgewater ca 1380, where he remained until 1395. He then probably studied at Oxford and served Richard II, who granted him an annuity in 1399, later endorsed by Henry IV. In addition to compiling astronomical texts and a Calendarium for Richard II's mother, Somer wrote an annalistic chronicle originally intended to cover the period 64 BC to 1532. Covering three Great Cycles of 532 years each, t…
Date: 2016-10-17

New Croniclys … of the Gestys of the Kynges of England

(194 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
after 1437. England. This 15th-century prose chronicle in English, which Matheson classifies as a peculiar Prose Brut, is translated from a Latin Prose Brut. Surviving in three known manuscripts (Oxford, Bodleian Library, ms. Ashmole 791; Wells-next-the-Sea, Holkham Hall, ms. 669 and New York, Columbia University Library, Plimpton ms. 261) it bears a title derived from manuscript incipits, though lacking in Ashmole. Plimpton 261 identifies the author as Richard Rede, a name found in its source, the Latin Brut in Oxford, Bodleian Library, ms. Rawl. C 398 (15th-century), but this c…
Date: 2016-10-17

Rous, John

(584 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
ca 1411 or ca 1420-1492. England. Rous studied at Oxford (ca 1437-44) before securing his position as chantry priest at Guy's Cliffe, Warwick (ca 1445-92). Many of his works, including a treatise on giants, are now lost, but his two genealogical rolls of the benefactors and earls of Warwick and a Latin Historia regum Angliae survive.The rolls, one Latin and one English, were composed ca 1477-85. Scholars generally agree that the Latin roll (London, College of Arms, Warwick Roll) was produced first and that the scribe who copied the text was Rous. If…
Date: 2016-10-17

John of Glastonbury

(370 words)

Author(s): Peverley, Sarah L.
fl. 1342-1400. England. Benedictine monk, and author of Cronica sive Antiquitates Glastoniensis Ecclesie. Little is known about this chronicler. Carley surmises that he was John Seen, who died before 1377, but this identification may be erroneous. His hypothesis depends largely on speculation that John's introductory reference to the Cronica ending millesimum circiter quadringentesimum (ca 1400) is an error for millesimum circiter quadragesimum tercentesimum (ca 1340). Since the Cronica ends in 1342 Carley may by correct, but, without conclusive evidence, Seen's au…
Date: 2016-10-17
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