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Infinitive: Modern Hebrew

(1,504 words)

Author(s): Ora Schwarzwald
  1. Introduction Modern Hebrew inherited the morphological forms of all the infinitive kinds set in the previous periods of the language, but their syntactic, semantic and lexical distributions are different. MH has absolute infinitive forms like צעוד ṣaʻod ʻmarchingʼ, and two forms of construct infinitive: (a). inflected infinitive or infinitive preceded by a preposition, sometimes called gerund (Rosén 1977:104-106), e.g. היותו heyot-o ʻhis beingʼ, למות le-mot ʻto the death ofʼ, בצאתם be-ṣet-am ʻwhen they went outʼ; (b) independent infinitive preceded by ל- l- ʻtoʼ, e.g., למות l…

Proverbs

(2,754 words)

Author(s): Norman A. Stillman | Galit Hasan-Rokem | Ora Schwarzwald
1. Judeo-Arabic As in many traditional cultures, Arabic-speaking Jews drew upon a rich lexicon of proverbs, maxims, and aphorisms in both oral and written expression. These gnomic expressions, in addition to being original creations, derived from a variety of sources. The specifically Jewish sources included biblical and rabbinic literature, and the principal non-Jewish source was the local Arab milieu. Specifically Muslim dicta from the Qur’an and ḥadīth rarely entered Judeo-Arabic usage. Rather,…
Date: 2015-09-03