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Cimissa

(89 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Κιμίσσα; Kimíssa). Town in Sicily, known from two silver coins ( lítra; hēmídrachmon) from the time of  Timoleon (mid 4th cent. BC); obverse: nymph's head, decorated with earrings, necklace and crown, bearing the legend ΟΜΟΝΟΙΑ, reverse: altar with burning sacrificial fire and the legend ΚΙΜΙΣΣΑΙΩΝ (finding-place: Raffe di Mussomeli Agrigento); that is also the probably location of C. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, Homonoia dei Kimissaioi, Eunomia dei Geloi e la ninfa (termitana) Sardó, in: U. Fellmeth, H. Sonnabend (ed.), Alte Geschichte. FS E. Olshausen, 1998, 131-142.

Hykkara

(73 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ὕκκαρα; Hýkkara). Sicanian town in the northwest of  Sicily; a few remains near the sea north of modern Carini (compare the two place names), west of Palermo. H. was conquered in 415 BC by the Athenians who were allied to Segesta [1] and its inhabitants were enslaved ( Peloponnesian War D.). The hetaera Lais [2] was among the captives (Plut. Alcibiades 39; Ath. 13,588c). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)

Ameselon

(116 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀμήσελον; Amḗselon). Settlement between  Centuripae and  Agyrium (Diod. Sic. 22,13,1) on Monte San Giorgio (Regalbuto) on the Salso; it was controlled by mercenaries (possibly  Mamertini), before its capture by  Hieron II in 270 BC, who divided its territory between the neighbouring towns of Centuripae and Agyrium. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography R. Calciati (ed.), Corpus Nummorum Siculorum 3, 1987, 333-336 G. Manganaro, Per la storia dei culti nella Sicilia greca, in: Il Tempio Greco in Sicilia, 1980, 148-165 Id., Per una storia …

Inessa

(135 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἴνησσα; Ínēssa). Siculian city on the southern slope of Mount Etna ( Aetne [1]) between Catana and Centoripae, occupied, after the death of Hieron I in 461 BC, by the settlers driven out of Catana, renamed Aetne [2], with the consecration of Hieron as Founder (οἰκιστής; oikistḗs, Diod. Sic. 11,76,3; Str. 6,2,3; Steph. Byz. s.v. I.; cf. Thuc. 3,103,1; 6,94,3). Should be identified with Cività in Santa Maria di Licodia rather than Poira. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, La caduta dei Diomenidi e il Politikon nomisma in Sicilia nella prima metà del V sec.a.C., in: Annali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 21/2, 1974/5, 35 no. 89 Id., Metoikismos, in: ASNP 20, 1990, 394 no. 18 R. J. A. Wilson, Sicily under the Roman Empire, 1990, 410 no. 79 M. Massa, BTCGI 8, 286-293.

Insulae Aegates

(101 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] An archipelago between Lilybaeum and Carthage (modern Favignana and Levanza). In 250 BC the Carthaginian fleet anchored here when called to ai…

Herineus

(69 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] River in Sicily along the via Elorina, mentioned by Thucydides (7,80,6; 82,3) in conjunction with the retreat of the Athenians in 413 BC, possibly identical with the Cavallata north of the Assinarus. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' …

Bricinniae

(91 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Fortress of Leontini (eastern Sicily), in 422 BC the scene of disputes between the oligarchs and democrats of Leontini (Thuc. 5,4,4), probably near Colle S. Basilio (Scordia), where remains of walls (5th cent. BC), large silos, hewn into the ro…

Adranum (Hadranum)

(159 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀδρανόν/ Adranón, Hadranum). Founded c. 400 BC by Dionysios I near the Siculan sanctuary of Adranus on the western slopes of the volcano Aetna [1] (Diod. 14,37,4) on the Adranus (coins), a tributary of the Symaethus; modern Adrano, ancient remains. Timoleon, in alliance with A., defeated Hicetas near there (Diod. 16,68-69). A. was conquered by the Romans in 263 BC (Diod. 23,4,1); A. was given Ius Latii (Plin. 3,91). Near A. was the Siculan centre of Mendolito with inscriptions (IG XIV 567-572), coins and prehistoric pottery ware (Siculan collect…

Heircte

(68 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Εἱρκτή/ Heirktḗ, Pol. 1,56,3; Ἐρκτή/ Erktḗ, Diod. Sic. 22,10,4). Extensive mountain massif hard to access near Panormus, in 278/7 BC captured from the Carthaginians by Pyrrhus, in 248 won back again by them and defended for three years against Roman attacks (Pol. 1,56f.; Diod. Sic. 33,20). It clearly refers to Monte Pellegrino (606 m) north of Palermo. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography BTCGI 7, 1989, …

Cacyparis

(42 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Κακύπαρις; Kakýparis). River in eastern Sicily, rising near Palazzolo Acreide, its mouth 17 km south-west of Syracusae (Thuc. 7,80,5 on the retreat of the Athenians in 413 BC); modern Cassibile. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography BTCGI 5, 45-53.

Galaria

(129 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Town of the Siculi, localized by Rizzo [1. 67] near the Sicilian S. Mauro di Caltagirone. Only mentioned by Diodorus twice: in the context of the battle against the Carthaginians alongside  Entella in 334 BC (Diod. Sic. 16,67,3) and in the context of the 312/311 BC revolt against Agathocles (Diod. Sic. 19,104). Archaeological finds: rare silver lítrai, originating from the area north-west of Mineo (cf. [2. 84-87; 3. 36-39]). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. E. Rizzo, Monete greche di Sicilia, 1946 2 K. Jenkins, in: Atti di IV Con…

Hekatompedos

(31 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἑκατόμπεδος; Hekatómpedos). Probably a c. 32 m wide street in Syracusae near the Hexapylon gate (Plut. Dion 45,5, cf. Diod. Sic. 16,20,2. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)

Abolus

(41 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἄβολος; Ábolos). Torrent by  Catana, near which Timoleon defeated Mamercus (prior to 338 BC; Plut. Timoleon 34,1).  Sicily Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography E. Manni, Geogr. fisica e politica della Sicilia antica (Cocalus Suppl. 4), 1981, 93.

Schera

(125 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Σχέρα; Schéra). A city in western Sicily indicated by its ethnicon Σχερῖνοι/ Scherínoi in the 5th decree of the people's assembly of Entella (Z. 21, cf.  [2]) …

Hipana

(149 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἵπανα; Hípana). Small Siculan town (Pol. 1,24,8-13; Diod. Sic.23,9, manuscript Sittanan), mentioned in connection with the battles of the first Punic war in 261-258 BC. Steph. Byz. (s.v. Ἵ.) describes H. as a ‘town in the entourage of Carthage’ (πόλις περὶ Καρχηδόνα;

Capitium

(79 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Settlement in the Monti Nebrodi on Sicily, 1139 m above sea level, modern Capizzi (Cic. Verr. 3,4,103; Ptol. 3,4,7: Capitina civitas). Possibly to be added to the list of theorodokoi from Delphi (4,112); CIL X 2, 7462. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography R. C. Wilson…

Chalitani

(66 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Town in Sicily (ILS 1188; 2nd cent. AD); identified either with Chalae/Chalis (in Gela, It. Ant. 95,6) [1] or with a vicus near Halicyae[2]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography
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