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Ābān

(54 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
(p.), name of the eighth month of the moveable solar year of the Persians, as well as, in the same calendar, of the tenth day of each month. To prevent confusion the month is called „Ābān- Māh“ (the month of Ābān) and the day „Ābān- Rūz“ (the day of Ābān). [See taʾrīk̲h̲.] (E. Mahler)

Algol

(87 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
is the ancient name of the star β in that part of the constellation of Perseus which is called “head of Medusa”, known among us for its variations in intensity and, consequently, in apparent size. The .name “head of Medusa” was translated by the Arabs into Raʾs al-g̲h̲ūl (head of the female demon), the latter part of the name being afterwards attributed to the star β, in the form “Algol”. Cf. Ideler, Unters, über den Urspr. u. d. Bedeut. der Sternnamen, p. 88. (E. Mahler)

Alhaiot

(66 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
is the ancient name of the star α of the first size in the constellation Auriga, and known by the name Capella. The original form of the word was Alhaioc, a transcription of the Arabic al-ʿAiyūḳ. For the probable origin and meaning of this name, see Ideler, Unters. über den Urspr. u. d. Bedeut. der Sternnamen p. 92; Lisān al-ʿArab, s. v. (E. Mahler)

Adār

(24 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
or Ād̲h̲ār (a.-p.), the sixth of the Syriac months which the Arabs call s̲h̲uhūr al-Rūm „the months of the Romans“. (E. Mahler) ¶

Ardibehis̲h̲t

(101 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
, name of the second month in the Persian calendar the years of which are counted from the reign of Yezded̲j̲ird, the last Sāsānid king (i. e. A. D. 632). This era is also used by most of the Arabic astronomers because of its extreme simplicity (each year has 365 days: 12 months of 30 days each + 5 intercalary days). — Ardibehis̲h̲t is also the name of the 3rd day of any Persian month; a distinction must therefore be observed between Ardibehis̲h̲tmāh (name of the 2nd month) and Ardibehis̲h̲trūz, which denotes the day of the month. (E. Mahler)

Abīb

(40 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
is the designation used by the Arabs for the month of Epiphi which occurs in the calendar of the Egyptians or Copts ( Taʾrīk̲h̲ al- Ḳibṭ); comp. also the Ḥōdes̲h̲ hā-Ābib of the ancient Hebrews (Exodus, xiii. 4). (E. Mahler)

Algomaiza

(51 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
is the ancient name of star α of the first size in the constellation of the lesser Dog. The name is derived from the Arabic name ( al-S̲h̲iʿrā) al-g̲h̲umaiṣāʾ, the “blear-eyed” (Sirius); on its origin, see Ideler, Unters. über den Urspr. u. d. Bedeut. der Sternnamen p. 252. (E. Mahler)

Ād̲h̲ar

(50 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
or Ādar, the name of the 9th month in the Persian calendar, and at the same time that of the 9th day of the Persian month. For the sake of distinction the former is designated by Ād̲h̲ar-māh (Ād̲h̲ar month) and the latter by Ād̲h̲ar-rūz (Ād̲h̲ar day). (E. Mahler)

Ab

(62 words)

Author(s): Mahler, E.
, or Ab, the name of the fifth or eleventh month respectively in the calendars of the Jews, Syrians, &c. In its Syro-Roman use the month Āb corresponds to the sixth month ( Ag̲h̲ostos) of the Turkish Mālīye (i. e. the financial and civil) year, that is to say the month of August in the Julian calendar. [See taʾrīk̲h̲.] (E. Mahler)