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Amicitia

(1,530 words)

Author(s): Klaus Oschema
Reflection on friendship (Greek philía, Latin amicitia) was shaped decisively by Aristotle, who distinguished three forms of friendship in his Nicomachean Ethics. The forms based on utility or enjoyment are contrasted wit…
Date: 2016-08-09

Love, Friendship

(633 words)

Author(s): Klaus Oschema
Love and friendship were present as themes in the cultures of the Middle Ages, although the issues treated under these keywords often diverged markedly from modern notions. Today common usage treats l…
Date: 2016-08-09

Caritas

(996 words)

Author(s): Klaus Oschema
Love, which since time immemorial possessed an aspect of a numinous superhuman power, could be differentiated in Greek by the terms éros (Lat. amor), philía (Lat. amicitia), and agápē (Lat. caritas). Here éros denotes a movement of …
Date: 2016-08-09

Virtues and Vices among the Nobility

(1,413 words)

Author(s): Klaus Oschema
The general notions of virtues and vices were also valid for the nobility (→nobility). The nobility, as the term indicates (Lat. nobilis, OHG adal-), meant to be particularly distinguished. Already the Greek "aristocracy" w…
Date: 2016-08-09