[German version] was the name the Romans gave to undertakers because of their seat in the sacred grove of Libitina (
qui libitinam faciunt, ILS 6085,94). On behalf of the affected families (or the state: Sen. Dial. 9,11,10), they organized the burials and supplied the necessary implements as well as the personnel (partly slaves: Ulp. Dig. 14,3,5,8), e.g.
pollinctores , bearers, musicians (cf. Petron. Sat. 78,6), specialists for burning the corpses (
ustores). The funeral practices in the Roman cities of Italy were apparently similarly organized (ILS 6726 attests a burial fee for Bergamo,
lucar Libitinae; the burial regulations of Puteoli mention a
lucus Libitinae, AE 1971, 88 II 3). The
libitinarii were often freedmen and quite w…