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Oliver of Paderborn

(646 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
[Thomas Olivier, Oliverus scholasticus] fl. 1196-1227. Germany. Author of three Latin works on the history of the Crusades and the Holy Land. Oliver was the most prominent German preacher of the Fifth Crusade. He first appears in a charter in 1196 as Oliverus de Patherburne. In 1201 he was appointed magister scolarum in Cologne, 1202 in Paderborn (North Rhine-Westphalia). In 1207 he appears in Paris mediating between the monastery of St. Remy and a canon from Reims. The following year we find him preaching against the Albigensians. Whether he en…
Date: 2016-10-17

Platterberger-Truchseßsche Weltchronik

(355 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
1459. Germany. German-language world chronicle by the two Nuremberg town scribes Johannes Platterberger and Dietrich Truchseß, completed 11th July 1459. It is arranged in two volumes: the first runs from the creation of the world to Julius Caesar, with extensive biblical narratives; the second, which was discovered only in 1979, ends with the death of King Rudolph I. Later excerpts and abridgements frequently add additional material from subsequent years.Though this work is formally a world chronicle, a marked interest in Nuremberg is obvious, with many chapters…
Date: 2016-10-17

Nicolaus Minorita

(280 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
14th century. Italy. Author of a comprehensive and well-documented chronicle on the Franciscan controversy about the poverty of Christ and his apostles. Nothing is known about his biography except that he introduces himself as a Franciscan ( frater Ordinis Fratrum Minorum), and as a close friend ( amicus fidelis) and follower of the minister general Michael of Cesena (d. 1342), who was deposed and excommunicated during the quarrels. Hence, we can only date the chronicle vaguely between the 1330s and 1360s. D. Lasichas assumed that Nicolaus might be identical with some Nicolao…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronik der nortelvischen Sassen, der Ditmarschen, Stormarn unde Holsten

(268 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
(Chronicle of the peoples of North-Elbe Saxony, Dithmarschen, Stormarn and Holstein) ca 1483/86. Northern Germany. This anonymous annalistic chronicle in Low German prose runs from Charlemagne's proselytisation of the Saxons until 1483, presumably the year of completion. Sources include Helmold of Bosau, Annales Hamburgenses and Annales Ryenses, suggesting Hamburg as the probable place of writing. The title is taken from the manuscript tradition, but is absent in the earliest two witnesses.The chro­nicle consists of two parts, the first covering 790-1181, the seco…
Date: 2016-10-17

Caleffini, Ugo

(309 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
15th century. Italy. "Ferrara’s most reliable chronicler" (Samarrai) was born in Rovigo in 1439 and spent most of his life as a minor notary at the Este court. Though he was not part of an inner circle, as his contemporary Bernardino Zambotti was via his uncle, Caleffini's position gave him extensive insight into politics and every-day court life, which he documents faithfully. His diario covers the years 1471-94. It is especially valuable for its almost daily records of prices, appointments and taxes at the outbreak of the war between Ferarra and Venice (1…
Date: 2016-10-17

Flores temporum

(429 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
(Blossoms of the times) ca 1300. Germany. World chronicle compendium in Latin prose. Written by an unknown Swabian Minorite (some manuscripts give Hermannus or Martinus Minorita) in the last years of the 13th century, the Flores temporum with its adaptations and continuations became one of the most widely spread world chronicles of the later Middle Ages in Southern Germany.The Flores temporum was conceptualized as a tool for preparing homilies and sermons. Still, unlike contemporary world chronicles, it does include pre-Christian history, covering world …
Date: 2016-10-17

Annales Barenses

(350 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
(Annals of Bari) 11th century. Italy. Anonymous annalistic chronicle from Bari, the central city of the three Byzantine provinces in Southern Italy (Longobardia, Lucania and Calabria).The Annales Barenses, the Annales of Lupus Apulus Protospatharius and the lost Anonymi Barensis Chronicon form a closely connected group of texts. The Annales Barenses begin with the death of Gregory the Great in 605 but intensify only with the first three years of the Norman rule, ending in 1043. The chronicler draws on an unspecified body of local sources, mayb…
Date: 2016-10-17

Acta Murensia

(446 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
[Acta fundationis monasterii Murensis] 11th century. Switzerland. Latin monastic chronicle from the Benedictine abbey at Muri in the canton of Argau. The credibility of the Acta in terms of its historical depictions remains debated – as does its actual age. On current views, a first version is believed to date already from the mid 11th, its adaptation (as is evident from the catalogue in its ducal genealogy) from the late 13th or early 14th century.This substantial prose text is one of the more prominent examples of a cartulary chronicle from North the Alps. It consis…
Date: 2016-10-17

Breve chronicon Austriae 1359-1396

(83 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
14th century. Austria. A short anonymous Latin prose chronicle with a marked focus on the house of Habsburg. The sole extant manuscript is Munich, BSB, clm 19804. Folio 310 presents a genealogy with the German inscription das ist die sippzal des hauses van Osterreich (this is the genealogy of the House of Austria).Kümper, HiramBibliography Text H. Pez, Scriptores rerum Austriacarum veteres ac genuini 2, 1725, 469-70. Literature A. Lhotsky, Quellenkunde zur mittelalterlichen Geschichte Österreichs, 1963, 410. RepFont 3, 278.
Date: 2016-10-17

Bartolf of Nangis

(244 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
[Bartolfus peregrinus] fl. shortly before 1109. France. Author of the Gesta Franco­rum Iherusalem expugnatium, covering the years 1095-1106. Bartolf is one of the least famous and hence most neglected chroniclers of the first crusade, probably because his Gesta Francorum draws so heavily on Fulcher's Historia Hierosolymitana that it is usually treated as one of its two early adaptations rather than as an intellectually independent work. Still, Bartolf is frequently cited in more extensive accounts of the history of the crusades. He adds ma…
Date: 2016-10-17

Noltz, Reinhart

(194 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
ca 1450-1518. Germany. Author of a Worms Memorial for 1493-1509 in German prose. Born from a wealthy family of craftspeople in Worms, Noltz studied in Heidelberg and Cologne. In 1489 he became a mem­ber of the town council, later holding several town offices and diplomatic missions, mainly to the royal and imperial court. Eleven letters of his survive.Noltz's memorial - he himself called it a chronick - is regarded the most important narrative source for Worms town his­tory of the period. Despite generally narrating in first person, Noltz gives only few per­s…
Date: 2016-10-17

Breve chronicon rerum Austriacarum 1415-57

(75 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
15th century. Austria. A short anonymous prose chronicle in Latin on the history of Austria and Southern Germany, maybe written at Melk monastery. There is one extant manuscript: Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, cod. 1916 (olim: 552).Kümper, HiramBibliography Text O. Holzer, Die geschichtlichen Handschriften der Melker Bibliothek, 1896, 48-9. Literature I.F. Keiblinger, Geschichte des Benedictiner-Stiftes Melk in Nieder-Österreich, 1, 1851, 532. F. Oppl, Nachrichten aus dem mittelalterlichen Wien, 1995, 129. RepFont 3, 276f.
Date: 2016-10-17

Florenz von Wevelinghoven

(294 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
fl. 1342-93. Germany. Initiator and co-author of a Latin episcopal chronicle. Descended from Lower Rhine nobility, Florenz joined the Cologne chapter around 1342, became subdeacon in 1356, papal collector in 1360, and finally bishop of Münster 1364-79 and of Utrecht from 1379 until his death in 1393. He also encouraged Johannes von Hildesheim to write his Historia trium regum.Florenz himself wrote the introduction to the Chronica episcoporum Monasteriensium (or De vita et gestis episcoporum Monasteriensium, Lives and deeds of the bishops of Münster), which was collected ex divers…
Date: 2016-10-17

Slecht, Reinbold

(361 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
fl. 14th-15th century. Germany. Born to a branch of the well-known Vener family in Gmünd, Slecht made a considerable career as a cleric in Strasbourg. At least from 1378 on he held several benefices and ecclesiastical offices there. According to both the Anniversarium of the church of Jung St. Peter's and his own grave stone, he died on 1st Sepember 1430. Slecht wrote a Latin continuation of the Flores temporum for 1290-1422, with further historical notes presumably by another hand for 1431-44. Although it is impossible to identify which manuscript of the Flores he based his work on, i…
Date: 2016-10-17

Kurtz, Johann

(353 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
fl. 1489-1512. Germany. Author of a number of historical poems and songs and two vernacular rhymed chronicles. Born in Ebersbach, Kurtz first appears in the records in 1489 in nearby Kaufbeuren, in the diocese of Augsburg. After studying in Freiburg and Tübingen, he became head of the Munich grammar school sometime before 1500, the year in which he visited Rome for the jubilee year. During the Landshut war of succession Kurtz served in the Wurttemberg forces. His works were mostly dis…
Date: 2016-10-17

Kastorp, Hinrich

(140 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
ca 1451-1512. Northern Germany. Born probably after 1451 (marriage of his father), the eldest son of the prominent Lübeck mayor of the same name (d. 1488), Kastorp is presumably the author of a lost chronicle, probably in Low German, on the Prussian Alliance's rebellion against the Teutonic Order (1454-1466); the later Lübeck chronicler Reimar Kock (d. 1569) lists him among his primary sources. The continuator of Detmar von Lübeck's chronical seems to draw on the same text. There is, however, a possibility that Kock is referring to the father rather than the son.Kümper, HiramBibliograph…
Date: 2016-10-17

Markward of Fulda

(185 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
[Marquard, Marcuardus Fuldensis] d. 1168. Germany. Abbot of Fulda. Markward counts among the most well-known abbots of Fulda during the high middle ages. Educated at the monastery of Michelsberg (Bamberg) he came to Fulda in 1150. There he engaged in the reorganization of the abbey's economic activities and administration. He resigned in 1165, during the heights of the conflict between Frederick I and Alexander III.In the Fulda copial book (the so-called "Codex Eberhardi", Marburg, SA, cod. K. 426, fol. 191r-195v) Markward left an autobiographic account of his tenure that …
Date: 2016-10-17

Kule, Hinrik

(109 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
d. 1417. Germany. Pastor, Canon and Lüneburg town clerk. Wrote an eyewitness account in Low German of the recapture of Lüneburg by Duke Magnus II in 1371, which prefaces the town book Donatus burgensium (Lüneburg, StA, AB 3, fol. 1), written 1409-11. Kule briefly depicts the actual battle, lists Lüneburg's dead, and describes the annual commemoration (22nd October, prohibited by Duke Frederick in 1637). This supplements the report of Nikolaus Floreke.Kümper, HiramBibliography Text W. Reinecke, CDS 36, 20-22. Literature H. Droste, Schreiben über Lüneburg, 2000. H. Droste, "Zu zeit…
Date: 2016-10-17

Grünenberg, Konrad

(245 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
[Grünemberg] fl. 1470-86. Southern Germany. Author of a travel report and a heraldic chronicle. Grünenberg was born to a patrician family in Konstanz, where he is first documented in 1474 as member of the Great Town Council. He travelled widely and held several official positions in the town. In late 1485 he is first attested as "Ritter Konrad", possibly an accolade granted by Frederick III on his visit to Konstanz in August 1485. Grünenberg's report of his pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1486 was very popular.His Austrian Heraldic Chronicle is by his own words uß etlichen coronic gezogen (dr…
Date: 2016-10-17

Serlinger, Johannes

(257 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
d. 1511. Austria. Author of a Latin chronicle on the bishops of Salzburg ( Catalogus Episcoporum Salisburgensium), ranging from 580 to 1495, with later addenda (by himself?) until 1505. From 1492 he is attested as a scribe of the archiepiscopal chamber. in 1480/81 he was designated bishop of Seckau (Styria) but resigned little later without having taken up office. Nevertheless, he is commemorated in the liturgical calendar of the Seckau manuscript: Salzburg, UB, M II 18, fol. 6r. His date of death is attested by an epitaph in the graveyard of St Peter's, Salzburg, which …
Date: 2016-10-17
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