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Notitia Romae

(74 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] The Notitia regionum urbis (Romae) XIV, also known as the Libellus de regionibus urbis Romae, is the most comprehensive source for the administrative structure of the city's 14 districts and for the stock of buildings in ancient Rome. Its core description of the city dates back to the reign of Constantinus [1] I, with interpolations from the 4th cent. Notitia dignitatum; Roma Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography Edition: A. Nordh, 1949.

Laterculum

(253 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Attested in the general sense of ‘list’ from Tertullianus (Ad nat. 1,13), common as a technical term for the list of all civil and military office bearers from the 4th cent. AD. In the notitia dignitatum , among the insignia of the primicerius notariorum a codex-like object (probably a container for loose sheets) with the supplement laterculum maius (Not. Dign. Or. 18,2; Not. Dign. Occ. 16,3) is to be found. It was the list of the high imperial offices, presumably kept by the most senior notary from the time of Constantinus [1] I, as it…

Longinianus

(93 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Flavius Macrobius L., in AD 399 comes sacrarum largitionum ( comes, comites ), as praefectus urbi had the walls and gates of Rome restored in 401-402 because of the threat of the Goths (ILS 797). In 406 L. became praef. praet. italiae, as a friend of Stilicho, when he was overthrown, L. was assassinated on 13 August 408 (Zos. 5,32,7; cf. Sozom. Hist. eccl. 9,4,7). Symmachus wrote to him epist. 7,93-101. Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography PLRE 2,686f. A. Chastagnol, Fastes de la préfecture de Rome, 1962, 255-257 v. Haehling 311-313.

Honoria

(181 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Iusta Grata H., western Roman empress. Daughter of  Constantius [6] III and of  Galla [3] Placidia, elder sister of  Valentinianus III, born in AD 417 or 418 (Olympiodorus fr. 34 FHG IV 65; Sozom. Hist. eccl. 9,16,2), probably became Augusta before 437 (ILS 817f.). She was forced to take a vow of eternal virginity, but in 449 was expelled from court because of an affair with her procurator and she became betrothed to a senator. She then asked  Attila, king of the Huns, for help an…

Fidelis

(100 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] (Φιδέλιος; Phidélios) of Milan. Lawyer in Rome and in AD 527/8 quaestor palatii of the Ostrogoth king  Athalaricus (Cassiod. Var. 8,18f.). In 536, he was sent to  Belisarius on behalf of the citizens of Rome and pope Silverius, in order to hand over the city (Procop. Goth. 1,14,5). In 537/8, he served as praefectus praetorio for the Eastern Roman Empire. In 538, he fell into the hands of the Goths near Ticinum, who killed him as a traitor (Procop. Goth. 1,20,19f.; 2,12,27f.; 34f.). Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography PLRE 2, 469f. Stein, Spätröm. R. vol. 2, 348, 354.

Herculius

(58 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Praefectus praetorio 408 to 410 BC Praefectus praetorio Illyrici from AD 408 to 410 (Cod. Theod. 12,1,172; 15,1,49), in whose honour the Sophists erected statues in Athens and Megara (IG II2 4224f.; VII 93).  Iohannes Chrysostomos sent him epist. 201. PLRE 2, 545. Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) [German version] [2] see Maximianus see  Maximianus

Gildas

(154 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Oldest historian of the Britons with the epithet Sapiens. G. was a Romanized Celt from western Britain, was born before AD 504 and wrote before 547, as a Christian who was fully committed to Roman culture, the work De excidio et conquestu Britanniae that was important for the history of the island during and after the decline of Roman rule. A description of the topography is followed by the history in Roman times, emphasizing the events of Church history. The invasion of the Anglo-Saxons is interpreted as a punishment fro…

Nomus

(131 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Comes et magister officiorum in the eastern Empire AD 443-446 (Nov. Theod. 24f.; Cod. Iust. 1,24,4; 12, 19, 7f.; 21, 6; 26, 2; BGU 12, 2141), consulin 445 together with Emperor Valentinianus III., and patricius 448-451 (Theod. Epist. 81; 96). N. was an influential advisor to Emperor Theodosius II. and a friend of the praepositus sacri cubiculi Chrysaphius; in 450 he was sent with the magister militum Anatolius [2] to the Hun King Attila to conclude a peace (Prisc. fragment 8; 13f. = FHG IV 91; 97f.; Iohannes Antiochenus fragment 198 = FHG IV 613…

Agrippinus

(79 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Comes et magister utriusque militiae per Gallias in the years AD 451/52-456/457, then replaced by emperor  Maiorianus with  Aegidius and accused, deployed again by  Ricimer in 461 and sent to Gallia, where he gave over the city of Narbo 462 to the West Goths, in order to win them over against Aegidius (Chron. min. 2, 26, 33 Mommsen; MGH SS rer. Merov. 3,109; 149-152). PLRE 2, 37 f. Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography D. Henning, Periclitans res publica, 1999

Gabrielus

(53 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Praefectus urbis Constantinopolitanae in AD 543; while in office, he resumed charge of the capital's grain supply, which John the Cappadocian ( Iohannes [16]) had assigned to the praefectus praetorio Orientis (Lydus, Mag. 3,38; Nov. Iust. 125). Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography PLRE 3 A, 498 Stein, Spätröm. R., vol. 2, 441.

Arbogastes

(177 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Pagan Frank in Roman service, who served in AD 380 under the marshal  Bauto, perhaps his father, and was elevated to magister militum by the army between 385 and 387. On the order of  Theodosius I he defeated the usurper  Maximus in 388, then controlled the politics of the western empire under  Valentinianus II and defended the Rhine frontier against the Franks (Zos. 4,33,1 f.; 53,1 f.; Greg. Tur. Franc. 2,9). A. was the first German to properly rule parts of the Roman empire. After Valentinian's unres…

Historia Augusta

(1,505 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] A. Work Historia Augusta (HA) is the modern title of the Scriptores historiae Augustae (SHA), as Casaubonus in 1603, following the Vita Taciti (10,3), named the six otherwise unknown authors Aelius Spartianus, Iulius Capitolinus, Vulcacius Gallicanus, Aelius Lampridius, Trebellius Pollio and Flavius Vopiscus from Syracuse. They feature as the compilers of a collection of  biographies of Roman emperors, heirs apparent and usurpers from the time of Hadrian (AD 117-138) to Numerianus and Carinus (283-284/…

Ferreolus

(106 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Gallic aristocrat, grandson of the consul of 381 AD Afranius Syagrius, related by marriage through his wife Papianilla to  Sidonius Apollinaris (Sid. Apoll. Epist. 1,7,4; 7,12,1f.; Carm. 24,35-38). As praefectus praetorio Galliarum, he supported  Aetius [2] in 451 in the repulse of the Huns, protected Arelate from the Goths in 452/3, and granted tax concessions in Gaul (Sid. Apoll. Epist. 7,12,3). In 469, he came to Rome as an envoy of his homeland to raise charges against Arvandus, his successor in office (Sid. Apoll. Epist. 1,7,4; 9). Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibl…

Aegidius

(121 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Gallic aristocrat, named comes et magister utriusque militiae per Gallias by emperor  Maiorianus in AD 456 or 457, lost Cologne to the Franks, wrested Lyon from the Burgundians in 458 and defended Arles against the West Goths, whom he defeated in 463 in league with the Salic king Childerich at Orléans. In 461 he refused to recognize Maiorianus' successor and created for himself in North Gallia an independent power base centred in Soisson, which he, until his death in 464/65, asserted above…

Heraclianus

(116 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Western Roman usurper in the year AD 413. He murdered  Stilicho in Ravenna in 408 and was rewarded for this by being named comes Africae (Zos. 5,37,6). In spite of the despotism he practiced there he was made consul in 413 (Oros. 7,42,10), but he revolted against  Honorius [3] and landed near Rome with a large fleet. He was defeated and condemned to death on the 3rd of August 413 (Cod. Theod. 15,14,13). He fled to Carthage, where he was killed (Oros. 7,42,14; Zos. 6,7ff.; Chron. min. 1,467, 654; 2,18,71 Mommsen). Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography PLRE 2, 539f. A. Deman…

Zenonis

(118 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] (Ζηνωνίς/ Zēnōnís). Aelia Z. Augusta, wife of the Eastern Roman counter-emperor Basiliscus (January 475 until August 476), who she seems to have influenced towards a pro-Monophysite church policy. Her son Marcus became co-regent, her alleged lover Armatus became head of the army and consul in 476. After the fall of her husband she and her son were banished with him and killed (Malchus fr. 8 = Suda α 3968, 3970 Adler; Candidus fr. 1 = FHG 4,136; Theophanes, Chronographia 1,121,124 f. de Boor = 187, 192 Mango-Scott). Basiliscus; Monophysitism Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) B…

Glycerius

(111 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] West Roman emperor from AD March 473 to June 474. In 472/3 he was comes domesticorum and was proclaimed Augustus in Ravenna at the behest of the supreme imperial general  Gundobad. He persuaded Ostrogoths who had invaded Italy to withdraw by giving them gifts. The East Roman emperor  Leo I did not recognize him and sent a fleet under  Iulius Nepos to whom G. submitted without battle. He became bishop of Salona and allegedly instigated the murder of Nepos in 480 (Iohannes Antiochenus Fr. 209,2 FHG IV 617f.; Iord. Get. 45,239; 241; 56,283f.; Anon. Valesianus 7,36). Johne, Klau…

Vigilantia

(128 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Sister of the emperor Iustinianus [1] I, married to Dulcidius, mother of Praeiecta, of the magister militum and patricius Marcellus [7] and of the emperor Iustinus [4] II, who was born c. AD 510-515; she was still alive for his ascension to the throne in 565 and she had influence over him (Procop. Vand. 2,24,3; Victor Tonnunensis, Chron. Min. ed. Mommsen: MGH AA 2,206; Corippus, In laudem Iustini, praef. 21 f.; 1,8 f.; 2,283). Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography A. Cameron (ed.), Corippus, In laudem Iustini (with an English translation and commentary…

Lagodius

(65 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] Spanish relative, probably cousin, of the emperor Honorius [3]; after the collapse of the resistance put up by his brothers Didymus and Verenianus against the usurper Constantinus [3] III in Spain in AD 408/9, he fled to the eastern part of the Empire (Zos. 6,4,4; Sozom. Hist. eccl. 9,12,1; cf. Oros. 7,40,5-8). PLRE 2,654; cf. 358, 1099, 1155. Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)

Notitia Africae

(67 words)

Author(s): Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin)
[German version] ( Notitia provinciarum et civitatum Africae). The NA is a list of 466 Catholic bishops from Africa up to the time of the Vandal King Hunericus/Hunerich in AD 484. Compiled at approximately the same time as the work of Victor of Vita. Notitia dignitatum Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) Bibliography Edition: MGH AA 3, 1, 1878, 63-71  M. Petschenig, Victor Vitensis, in: CSEL 7, 1881, 115-134.
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