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Inner Object

(1,431 words)

Author(s): Ilani, Noga
1. Identification and Definition Inner objects can be defined and characterized according to four parameters: morphology, semantics, governability, and substitutability. Morphology. An inner object is (usually) an abstract or verbal noun that has not undergone a process of concretization (Rosén 1977:171), for example the sentence ישן שינה yašan šena lit. ‘He slept a sleep’ (Iron 1966:31–32; Sadka 1977:268–269, 272), whose inner object is derived from the root of the verb that is the predicate in the sentence. Two types of objects can be deriv…

Stylistic Alternation in Modern Hebrew

(4,757 words)

Author(s): Ilani, Noga
1. Introduction According to one definition, style is the consequence of a choice between alternative expressions available in a language which convey (more or less) the same meaning. Freedom in making such choices is limited by the rules of the language (Enkvist 1964:1–56). 2. Types of Alternative Expressions Stylistic alternatives exist at different levels of linguistic structure. Thus, for example, at the morphological level one has a choice, in Modern Hebrew, between the regular genitival construction (בית המלך bet ha-melex ‘the king’s house’), use of the possessive particle של…

Word Order: Modern Hebrew

(2,917 words)

Author(s): Ilani, Noga | Shlomo, Sigal | Goldberg, Dina
1. Standard Word Order in Modern Hebrew In sentences with an overt subject, the normal word order in Modern Hebrew is subject-verb-object (and possibly adverbial), as in העיתונאי הקשיב לסיפור בעניין רב ha-ʿitonay hiqšiv la-sipur be-ʿinyan rav ‘The journalist listened to the story with great interest’. In this sentence the subject is העיתונאי ha-ʿitonay ‘the journalist’, the verb is הקשיב hiqšiv ‘listened’, the object is לסיפור la-sipur ‘to the story’, and the adverbial (of manner) is בעניין רב be-ʿinyan rav ‘with great interest’. Modern Hebrew is thus a subject-verb-object…