, a Turkish word (from the Persian
yuk̲h̲tā), meaning “pair”, “couple” and in particular, the “pair of oxen yoked to the plough”, whence it comes to mean “cultivated fields”, “ploughing”, and “the amount of ground ¶ that can be tilled by a pair of oxen in a day”. As an abbreviation for
čift aḳčesi it means a definite tax on certain tributary land. (Cl. Huart) Bibliography M. d’Ohsson,
Tableau de l’Empire Othoman, vol. vii. p. 234 Belin,
Etude sur la Propriété Foncière, in the
Journ. As., vth Ser. Vol. xix. 1862, p. 206.