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Reforms of Uru-inimgina (2.152)

(1,219 words)

Author(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; Sumerian Monumental Inscriptions; “Functional” Inscriptions; Sumerian Laws Commentary The last ruler of the “First Dynasty of Lagash” (ca. 2570–2342 BCE) is known in the literature variously as Uru-inimgina or Uru-kagina (ca. 2351–2342 BCE).1 He promulgated the first known systematic legal reforms which, though not yet cast in the casuistic (conditional) form of later precedent law, nevertheless stand at the head of the long tradition of “social justice in ancient Israel and in the ancient Near East” (Weinfeld 1995). In …

Votive Inscriptions (2.SU.B.1)

(185 words)

Author(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; Sumerian Monumental Inscriptions; Building and Display Inscriptions Commentary Like the Biblical vow (neder), a the Mesopotamian votive offering was of two kinds: before the fact or after. In the former, it was made in the hope of a favor to be granted by the deity in the future, as expressed in the Latin motto do ut des, “I give that you might give.” The most general and common “votive motive” in this case was “for (long) life” of the donor and/or designat…