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Ashmole, Bernard

(461 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
British classical archaeologist. Born 22. 6. 1894 in Ilford, Essex, died 25. 2. 1988 in Peebles (Scotland). School in London (Forest School), 1913/14 and 1919–1923 studied at Oxford, interrupted by war service. 1923–1925 worked at the Coin Cabinet of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; 1925–1928 Director of the British School at Rome. 1929–1948 Yates Prof. of classical archaeology at Univ. College London, also 1938–1956 Keeper of the Graeco-Roman Dept. of the British Museum; 1939–1945 war service. 195…

Elgin, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of

(490 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
Lord Elgin; British art collector and diplomat. Born Broomhall, Fife (Scotland) 20. 7. 1766, died 4. 11. 1841 in Paris. School at Harrow and ¶ Westminster, 1782–1786 studies at St. Andrews and Paris (law), 1786/87 in Dresden. 1790–1807 Scottish Representative Peer in the House of Lords (Tory). 1791–1794 Envoy-Extraordinary to the court at Vienna and to Brussels (Austrian Netherlands). 1795–1798 Minister-Plenipotentiary at the Prussian court in Berlin, 1799–1803 ambassador to Constantinople. 1803–1806 captivity in France, after which he retired to private life. Works and influ…

Payne, Humfry

(750 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
British archaeologist. Born Humfry Gilbert Garth P. at Wendover (Bucks), 19. 2. 1902, died Athens 9. 5. 1936. School in London (Westminster School); studied at Oxford; 1924–1926 research scholarship for Mediterranean archaeology, 1926–1931 senior scholar at Christ Church College, Oxford. Also 1926–1928 assistant at the coin collection of the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford; 1929–1936 director of the British School at Athens. Work and influence P., the son of a historian, attracted attention while still a student at Christ Church College, Oxford, with his outstand…

Matz, Friedrich

(818 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
German classical archaeologist. Born Lübeck 15. 8. 1890, died Marburg 3. 8. 1974. School in Lübeck; studied at Tübingen and Göttingen; doctorate Göttingen 1913, Staatsexamen 1914. DAI travel scholarship for 1914/15 (but taken only in 1921/22 and much abbreviated because of World War I); 1914–1925 teaching in schools. 1924/25 six-month study trip to Greece; 1925–1928 editor of Realkatalog at DAI in Rome. 1927 habil. in Berlin. 1929–1934 assistant at DAI Berlin; 1934 prof. ord. in classical archaeology at Münster, succeeding Karl Lehmann-Hartleben. 1941…

Gardner, Percy

(477 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
British classical archaeologist. Born Hackney (London) 24. 11. 1846, died Oxford 17. 7. 1937. School in London. 1862 joined his father’s stockbrokerage business. 1865–1869 studied classics and moral science at Christ’s College, Cambridge. Following a European tour, fellow at Cambridge and 1880–1887 Disney Prof. of Archaeology at Cambridge, while also (1871–1887) Assistant Keeper at the Department of Coins and Medals of the British Museum. 1887–1925 Lincoln Prof. of Classical Archaeology at Oxford. Work and influence Although he lacked the requisite specialist training,…

Brunn, Heinrich

(838 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
German archaeologist. Born Wörlitz 23. 1. 1822, died Josefsthal (Upper Bavaria) 23. 7. 1894. School at Zerbst; 1839–1843 studied at Bonn, doctorate there 1843. 1843–1853 scholarly assistant, 1857–1865 Second Secretary at Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica in Rome; interim period 1853–1856 as curator of the Univ. Library in Bonn, where he took habil. in 1854. 1865 prof. ord. of classical archaeology and Conservator of the Coin Cabinet at Munich, 1868 also Conservator of the Vase Collection there. 1885/86 Rector of Univ. of …

Gardner, Percy

(429 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
Brit. Klass. Archäologe. Geb. am 24. 11. 1846 in Hackney bei London, gest. am 17. 7. 1937 in Oxford. Schulbesuch in London; 1862 Eintritt in die väterliche Börsenmaklerfirma. 1865–1869 Studium von Classics und Moral Science am Christ’ s College in Cambridge, nach einer Europareise Fellow ebda. und 1880–1887 Disney-Prof. für Arch. in Cambridge; gleichzeitig 1871–1887 Assistant Keeper am Department of Coins and Medals des British Museum. 1887–1925 Lincoln-Prof. für Klass. Archäologie in Oxford. Werk und Wirkung Obwohl ohne einschlägige Fachausbildung, begann G. seine…

Payne, Humfry

(699 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
Brit. Archäologe. Geb. am 19. 2. 1902 in Wendover (Buckinghamshire) als Humfry Gilbert Garth P., gest. am 9. 5. 1936 in Athen. Schulbesuch in London (Westminster School); Studium in Oxford; 1924–1926 Forschungsstipendiat für Mittelmeer-Arch., 1926–1931 Senior Scholar am Oxforder Christ Church College; zugleich 1926–1928 Assistent in der Münzsammlung des Ashmolean Museum in Oxford; 1929–1936 Direktor der British School at Athens. Werk und Wirkung P., Sohn eines Historikers, fiel schon als Student am Christ Church College in Oxford durch seine überragende…

Ashmole, Bernard

(436 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
Brit. Klass. Archäologe. Geb. am 22. 6. 1894 in Ilford bei London, gest. am 25. 2. 1988 in Peebles (Schottland). Schulbesuch in London (Forest School), 1913/14 und 1919–1923 Studium in Oxford, unterbrochen durch Kriegsdienst. 1923–1925 Mitarbeiter am Münzkabinett des Oxforder Ashmolean Museum; 1925–1928 Direktor der British School at Rome. 1929–1948 Yates-Prof. für Klass. Arch. am Univ. College London, zugleich 1938–1956 Keeper an der Griech.-Röm. Abteilung des British Museum; 1939–1945 Kriegsdi…

Brunn, Heinrich

(726 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
Dt. Archäologe. Geb. am 23. 1. 1822 in Wörlitz, gest. am 23. 7. 1894 in Josefsthal (Oberbayern). Schulbesuch in Zerbst; 1839–1843 Studium in Bonn, Prom. 1843 ebda. 1843–1853 wiss. Hilfsarbeiter, 1857–1865 Zweiter Sekretär am Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica in Rom; dazwischen 1853–1856 Kustos an der Univ.-Bibl. in Bonn, dort 1854 Habil. 1865 o.Prof. für Klass. Arch. und Konservator des Münzkabinetts in München, 1868 auch Konservator der Vasensammlung ebda. 1885/86 Rektor der Univ. Münche…

Matz, Friedrich

(721 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
Dt. Klass. Archäologe. Geb. am 15. 8. 1890 in Lübeck, gest. am 3. 8. 1974 in Marburg. Schulbesuch in Lübeck; Studium in Tübingen und Göttingen, dort 1913 Prom. und 1914 Staatsexamen. Für 1914/15 Reisestipendium des DAI (kriegsbedingt erst 1921/22 stark verkürzt nachgeholt); 1914–1925 im Schuldienst. 1924/25 sechsmonatige Forschungsreise nach Griechenland; 1925–1928 Bearbeitung des Realkatalogs am DAI Rom. 1927 Habil. in Berlin. 1929–1934 Assistent am DAI Berlin; 1934 o.Prof. für Klass. Arch. in …

Elgin, Thomas Bruce, Earl of

(445 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
Lord Elgin; brit. Kunstsammler und Diplomat. Geb. am 20. 7. 1766 in Broomhall, Fife (Schottland), gest. am 4. 11. 1841 in Paris. Schulbesuch in Harrow und Westminster, 1782–1786 Studium in St. Andrews und Paris (Jura), 1786/87 in Dresden. 1790–1807 Vertreter Schottlands im brit. Oberhaus (als Tory). 1791–1794 Sondergesandter in Wien und Brüssel. 1795–1798 Gesandter in Berlin, 1799–1803 Botschafter in Konstantinopel. 1803–1806 Gefangenschaft in Frankreich, danach Rückzug ins Privatleben. Werk und Wirkung Als begeisterter Verehrer der ant. Kunst wollte E. seine S…

Curtius, Ludwig

(557 words)

Author(s): Diebner, Sylvia | Graepler, Daniel
German classical archaeologist. Born 13. 12. 1874 in Augsburg, died Rome 10. 4. 1954. 1894–1897 studied law and economics at Munich and Berlin. From 1897, studied classical archaeology at Munich and Rome. 1902 doctorate at Munich, 1907 habil. there. 1908 curator of the museum of antiquities at Munich. 1908 prof. ext., 1913 prof. ord. at Erlangen. Served in World War I as a volunteer and officer. 1918 prof. ord. at Freiburg; 1920–1927 prof. ord. at Heidelberg; 1928–1937 first director of the DAI at Rome; 1937 compulsory retirement. Lived the rest of his life at Rome. 1952 Order Pour le mérite.…

Ward-Perkins, John Bryan

(824 words)

Author(s): Heitz, Christian | Graepler, Daniel
British classical archaeologist. Born Bromley, Kent, 3. 2. 1912, died Cirencester 28. 5. 1981. Attended Winchester College, 1934 BA from New College, Oxford; 1935 scholarship to the British School at Rome. 1936–1939 assistant at London Museum; 1939 prof. of archaeology at the Royal Univ. of Malta. 1943–1945 director of the Allied Sub-Commission for Monuments and Fine Arts in Italy; 1946–1974 head of the British School at Rome (BSR). Honorary doctorates from Birmingham (1955) and Alberta (1969); 1974–1979 president of the Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica. Work …

De Rossi, Giovanni Battista

(612 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco | Graepler, Daniel
Italian Christian archaeologist and epigrapher. Born Rome 23. 2. 1822, died Castelgandolfo 20. 9. 1894. Studied philosophy at the CollegioRomano, taking doctorate in law 1843 at the Sapienza in Rome. Named scriptor at the Vatican Library. 1871–1894 president of the Pontificia Accademia romana di archeologia; from 1878 prefect of the Museo Cristiano in Rome; from 1884 president of the Società dei cultori di archeologia cristiana and secretary of the Pontificia Commissione di archeologia sacra; 1853 member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, and of the Bavarian Acade…

Reinach, Salomon

(1,017 words)

Author(s): Duchêne, Hervé | Graepler, Daniel
French archaeologist and art historian. Born Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Paris) 29. 8. 1858, died Boulogne-Billancourt (Paris) 14. 11. 1932. 1876 admission as best in year to École normale supérieure; 1879 Agrégé de grammaire (teaching certificate); 1880–1882 member of the École française d’Athènes and researching at Myrina and on Delos and Thasos. 1883–1885 secretary of the Commission archéologique de Tunisie, excavations at Carthage and elsewhere. 1886 assistant, 1893 deputy conservator, 1902 director of the Musée des Antiquités nationales in Saint-Germain-en-Laye. 1890–…

De Rossi, Giovanni Battista

(581 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco | Graepler, Daniel
Ital. Christl. Archäologe und Epigraphiker. Geb. am 23. 2. 1822 in Rom, gest. am 20. 9. 1894 in Castelgandolfo. Philosophiestudium am Collegio Romano, 1843 juristische Prom. an der Sapienza in Rom; Ernennung zum Scriptor an der Vatikanischen Bibl. 1871–1894 Präsident der Pontificia Accademia romana di archeologia; ab 1878 Präfekt des Museo Cristiano in Rom; ab 1884 Präsident der Società dei cultori di archeologia cristiana und Sekretär der Pontificia Commissione di archeologia sacra; 1853 Mitglied der Preuß. und 1867 der Bayer. Akad. der Wiss, 1886 Orden Pour le Mérite. Werk un…

Ward-Perkins, John Bryan

(753 words)

Author(s): Heitz, Christian | Graepler, Daniel
Brit. Klass. Archäologe. Geb. am 3. 2. 1912 in Bromley (Kent), gest. am 28. 5. 1981 in Cirencester. Schulbildung am Winchester College, 1934 B. A. am New College in Oxford; 1935 Stipendiat der British School at Rome. 1936–1939 Assistent am London Museum; 1939 Prof. für Arch. an der Royal Univ. of Malta. 1943–1945 Direktor der Allied Sub-Commission for Monuments and Fine Arts in Italy; 1946–1974 Leiter der British School at Rome (BSR). Ehrendoktorate in Birmingham (1955) und Alberta (1969); 1974–1979 Präsident der Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica. Werk und W…

Lenormant, Charles

(539 words)

Author(s): Jaubert, Sabine | Graepler, Daniel
Franz. Archäologe, Ägyptologe und Numismatiker. Geb. am 1. 6. 1802 in Paris, gest. am 22. 11. 1859 in Athen. Nach klassischen Studien 1825 Unterinspektor für den königlichen Kunstbesitz; 1824–1826 Reisen nach Italien, Belgien und Holland; 1828 Teilnahme an der Ägyptenexpedition Champollions, 1829 an der franz. Morea-Expedition. 1830 Leiter der Abt. Beaux Arts im Erziehungsministerium, dann Konservator an der Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, seit 1832 an der Bibliothèque nationale (hauptsächlich am Cab…

Reinach, Salomon

(902 words)

Author(s): Duchêne, Hervé | Graepler, Daniel
Franz. Archäologe und Kunsthistoriker. Geb. am 29. 8. 1858 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, gest. am 14. 11. 1932 in Boulogne-Billancourt. 1876 Aufnahme in die École normale supérieure als Jahrgangsbester; 1879 Agrégé de grammaire (Staatsexamen); 1880–1882 Mitglied der École française d’Athènes und Forschungen in Myrina, auf Delos und Thasos. 1883–1885 Sekretär der Commission archéologique de Tunisie, Grabungen u. a. in Karthago. 1886 Mitarbeiter, 1893 Stellvertretender Konservator, 1902 Direktor des M…
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