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Masora, Tiberian

(7,026 words)

Author(s): Golinets, Viktor
1. Introduction The term ‘Masora’ in its broadest sense designates the system of transmission and arrangement of the text of the Hebrew Bible. This system covers three areas of text presentation and preservation: (i) writing and graphical arrangement of the consonantal text, (ii) vocalization and accentuation signs, (iii) the concordance-like word and form frequency notes and any other metatextual information about the consonantal text and its peculiarities, vocalization, and accentuation. In a na…

Dageš

(3,920 words)

Author(s): Golinets, Viktor
1. General information Dageš (דָּגֵשׁ då̄gēš) is a diacritical mark used in the Tiberian Masoretic pointing system of Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Aramaic. Dageš performs the same functions in texts in both languages, namely, to denote (i) doubling of a consonant (except for א ʿalef / ʾ/, ה he / h/, ח et / /, ע ʿayin / ʿ/ and, with a few exceptions, ר reš / r/, and (ii) plosive pronunciation of the stops ב bet / b/, ג gimel / g/, ד dalet / d/, כ kaf / k/, פ pe / p/, and ת tav / t/ ( vox memoriaebeged kefet’ or ‘ begad kefat’). These two main functions of dageš were noticed by medieval Hebrew grammarians, …