(a), yellow: also, in distinction from black, simply light-coloured. Some Arab philologists and exegetes indeed claim for
asfar also the meaning “black”; see the discussions thereon in the
Ḵh̲izānat al-Adab , ii, 465. The Arabs called the Greeks
Banu ‘i-Asfar (fem.
Banāt al-A .:
Usd al-G̲h̲āba , i, 274, abinfra) ¶ according to Ṭabarī (ed. de Goeje, i, 357, 11; 354, 15) signifying “Sons of the Red One” (Esau). In the Ḥadīt̲h̲ mention is made of the contest of the Arabs with the Banu ’l-Aṣfar and of the conquest of their capital Constantinople (
Musnad Aḥmad , ii, 174).