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Free Relatives

(1,130 words)

Author(s): Francesca DEL GOBBO
A free relative clause in English is characterized by the following features: 1. it is introduced by a wh-word (or a morphologically complex word which contains a wh-element);   2. it can be substituted by a semantically equivalent DP or PP; and   3. it contains a trace (it is therefore generated by movement).   Consider the following examples from English: 1. a. I tasted [what Adam cooked].   b. I wonder [wh-INT what Adam cooked].   c. I tasted [DP the thing(s) Adam cooked].   d. *I wonder [DP the thing(s) Adam cooked].     (Caponigro 2003) The example in (1a) contains the free relative clause what …
Date: 2017-03-02

Relative Clauses

(3,771 words)

Author(s): Francesca DEL GOBBO
1. Typology A relative clause is a clause that modifies a noun phrase, as illustrated in the following example: 1. [我給你的]書   [wǒ  gěi   nǐ     de]  shū    1sg  give  2sg  sub  book   ‘the book that I gave you’ Relative clauses in Mandarin are characterized by the following features: 1. they are prenominal; 2. they do not contain a relative pronoun (note that suǒ 所 is not a relative pronoun (see Chiu 1995, Jiang 2008 and Aldridge, in press, and references cited there); 3. they generally require the presence of the nominal modification marker de; 4. they can contain gaps or resumptive pronouns; 5.…
Date: 2017-03-02