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Sertorius, Q.

(533 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] B. 123 BC at Nursia (Samnium), of an equestrian family. He gained military experience in 105/4 under Q. Servilius [I 12] Caepio and C. Marius [I 1] in the wars against the Cimbri and Teutoni, and in 98-93 under T. Didius [I 4] in Spain, where he particularly distinguished himself and acquired intimate knowledge of the country. In 91, S. was quaestor in Gallia Cisalpina, after which he fought in the Social War [3]. In 89 or 88, his candidature for the people's tribunate was thwarte…

Lepidus

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, recorded in the Republican period for the Aemilii [I 7-17; II 7-9] and other families. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FC, 256.

Gallonius

(97 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Family name, also Galonius, Calonius (Schulze 171); bearers of this name are attested several times but are of little historical significance. [German version] [1] G., C. City leader of Gades 49 BC Roman eques, was sent by L. Domitius [I 8] Ahenobarbus to Gades to administer an inheritance in 49 BC, became city leader in the Civil War there, but withdrew in favour of Caesar (Caes. B Civ. 2,18,2; 20,2f.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] G., P. Gourmet by Lucilius 1238 M. Made proverbial by Lucilius (1238 M.) as a gourmet and glutton. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Patulcius

(42 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Uncommon Roman family name. Its best-known representative, Q.P., and L. Cornificius brought a successful action against T. Annius [I 14] Milo in 52 BC for 'use of force' ( de vi) (Ascon. 54 C.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Schulze, 142.

Calvus

(25 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘bald-head’) of the Caecilii Metelli, Cornelii Scipiones, Licinii et al. (ThlL, Onom. 111f.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 235.

Turbo

(42 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] see Top See Top Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] Roman cognomen Roman cognomen ('whirlwind'), perhaps originally a one-off description, recorded only in the Imperial period: Marcius [II 14]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 339  Degrassi, FCIR, 271.

Aurelia

(115 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Wife of C. Iulius Caesar and mother of the dictator Caesar Probably the daughter of C.  Aurelius [I 5] Cotta and the sister of L. Aurelius Cotta (Münzer, 327), wife of C.  Iulius Caesar and mother of the dictator Caesar. She discovered P. Clodius at the  Bona Dea festival at the end of 62 BC in Caesar's house (Plut. Caes. 10.2; Suet. Iul. 74,2, among others). Died before September 54. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] A. Orestilla Second wife of Catilina Widow, then lover and since the middle of the 60s BC the second wife, of Catilina (Sall.…

Agrius

(68 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] C., Roman knight (1st cent. BC) A., C., Roman knight, friend of Varro, introduced in the first book of Rust. probably because of his evocative name. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] Publeianus, L., Roman knight (1st cent. BC) A. Publeianus, L., Roman knight, witness in the trial of Flaccus (Cic. Flac. 31), probably negotiator in Asia. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Nicolet 2, 768-769.

Mamercinus

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen in the Republican period in the families of the Aemilii ( Aemilius [I 18-26]) and Pinarii. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 176.

Malleolus

(38 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] see Arrow see Arrow Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] Roman cognomen Cognomen (from malleus, hammer) in the family of the Publicii in the Republican period. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 342.

Asellio

(20 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Nickname (‘the donkey drover’) in the family of the Sempronians. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 323.

Licinus

(136 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Originally a rare praenomen, either of Etruscan origin or derived from the Latin adjective licinus (‘curved backwards’, Serv. Georg. 3,55); hence the gentile name Licinius. Later, it occurs as a cognomen, possibly with the meaning ‘hair combed backwards’ [1. 236; 2. 33], in the Republican period in the families of the Fabii and Porcii, in Imperial times with the Clodii (C. [II 6]), Larcii and Passieni. Also documented as a name for slaves, the most prominent of which is Caesar's freedman (C. Iulius) L., who in…

Buteo

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the goshawk’) amongst the Fabii (ThlL 2,2259). Legend of the adoption of the name in Plin. HN 10,21. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Gegania

(79 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] A Roman lady, who entered into a relationship with an ugly slave by the name of Clesippus and eventually made him her heir (probably in the 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC). After her death he called himself Clesippus Geganius and had built for himself an expensive tomb of which the inscription is still preserved (Plin. HN 34,11f.; ILLRP 696). This widespread story may underlie the character of Trimalchio in  Petronius. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Bubulcus

(42 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the oxen driver’) in the family of the Iunii (ThlL 2,2223). The first bearer of this name, according to Plin. HN. 18,10, received it because of his success in working with oxen ( bubus). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Bellinus

(21 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] captured by pirates when he was praetor in 68 BC (?), (Plut. Pomp. 24,9). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Anneius

(24 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman gentilicium M., legate of Cicero in Cilicia 51-50 BC (Cic. Fam. 13,55 and passim; MRR 2,244). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Faberius

(107 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman surname (Schulze, 161). F., private secretary ( scriba, γραμματεύς; grammateús) of Caesar; identical to the F. mentioned frequently by Cicero in spring 45 BC who had been given a loan by Cicero, the repayment of which involved irregularities that only Atticus could rectify (Cic. Att. 12-15). After the murder of Caesar, F. helped M. Antonius [I 9] to falsify the decrees of the dictator (App. B. Civ. 3,16; Cic. Att. 14,18,1). He probably died shortly afterwards. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography H. P. Benöhr, Fabianum negotium, in: ZRG 106, 1986, …

Cursor

(17 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen (‘runner, courier’) in the gens Papiria. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina 361.

Carbo

(38 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the ulcer’) of the most important plebeian branches of the  Papirii in the 2nd and 1st cents. BC (Cic. Fam. 9,21,3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography ThlL, Onom. 183f. Kajanto, Cognomina, 341 Schulze, 314.
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