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Oclatius

(86 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Ti. O. Severus. Senator whose name used to be read as T. Iul(ius) Clatius Severus (PIR2 I 268). The correct name has now become known through a military award certificate that attests him as cos. suff. around AD 169-172 [1. 9ff.]. He is named, probably as the governor of Pontus-Bithynia, in 174 on a lead weight that is thought to come from Nicomedia (IGR I 524). PIR2 I 268. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 H. Wolff, Neue Militärdiplome aus Künzing, in: Ostbairische Grenzmarken 41, 1999.

Statorius

(49 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.(?) S. Secundus. senator; cos. suff. under Hadrian. Thereafter, probably in c. AD 124/5, consular governor of Cappadocia (AE 1968, 504); cf. [1.160-163]. Brother in law of Minicius [4] Fundanus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 13, 1983, 147-237.

Maternus

(350 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Conspirator against Commodus At first a soldier, then ringleader of a group of rebels, with whom he exercised considerable influence through raids in Gaul and Hispania. If the bellum desertorum (War of the Deserters) can be connected with him, the legio VIII Augusta, which was stationed in Argentorate, fought against him. When M. tried to kill Commodus himself, he is said to have been betrayed by other members of his movement and was executed (HA Comm. 16,2; Hdn. 1,10; 11,5; [1. 178ff.]; cf. also [2. 69f.]). PIR2 M 363. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Th. Grünewald,…

Mummia

(160 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M. Achaica Wife of Sulpicius Galba (cos. in 5 BC) Granddaughter of  Q. Lutatius [4] Catulus, cos. in 78 BC, and proneptis (‘great-niece’) of L. Mummius [I 3] Achaicus, the conqueror of Corinth (Suet. Galba 3,5). M. was married to Sulpicius Galba, cos. in 5 BC; her son was later the emperor Galba [2]. PIR2 M 712. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M. Laevilla Senator's wife of the Mummii Sisennae family Senator's wife with an estate in Apulia (CIL IX 220; AE 1980, 279). She presumably belonged to the Mummii Sisennae family [1. 347]. PIR2 M 713. Eck, Werner (Cologne) B…

Orfitus

(117 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
The cognomen O. can be found in several senatorial families of the Imperial period (cf. PIR2, vol. 5, 461-463). [German version] [1] Third husband of Vistilia Third husband of Vistilia; the marriage produced a son (Plin. HN 7,39). Probably the grandfather of P. Cornelius [II 50] Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus. PIR2 O 139. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, RP, vol. 2, 812. [German version] [2] Lover of Faustina [3] According to the Historia Augusta (SHA Aur. 29,1), O. was a lover of Faustina [3]; Marcus [2] Aurelius is said to have promoted him nonetheless. It is…

Opsius

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M.O. Senator, 1st cent. AD Senator who, along with other senators, accused Titius Sabinus in the Senate of being a friend of Germanicus [2]. He was later called to account for this. PIR2 O 126. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.O.Navius Fannianus Senator from Neapolis Senator from Neapolis; it is uncertain whether he was a descendant of O. [1]. According to IG XIV 719 (= IGR I 431 = [1. 20ff. no. 6], he possibly lived as late as the 2nd/3rd cent. AD. PIR2 O 127. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 E. Miranda (ed.), Iscrizioni greche d'Italia. Napoli I, 1990.

Crescens

(71 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Freedman of Nero's Freedman of Nero's, who in AD 69 held a banquet for the citizens in Carthago on the occasion of Otho's installation as emperor (Tac. Hist. 1,76,3; PIR2 C 1576). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cynical philosopher mid-2nd cent. AD Cynical philosopher from the mid-2nd cent. who attacked Justin as well as Christianity (Justin. Apol. 2,3; Euseb. Hist. eccl. 4,16). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Maximius Attianus

(41 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator; quaestor in the province of Asia in AD 209 at the earliest (AE 1998, 1361 f.); positively identical to the consular governor of Germania superior in 229 AD. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Eck, Statthalter, 91 f.

Icelus II (rom.)

(122 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Full name (Ser. Sulpicius) I. Marcianus. Freedman of  Galba [2], who had remained behind in Rome during Galba's governorship in Tarraconensis. Imprisoned by Nero following Galba's acclamation; freed after Nero's death, he rushed to Spain in only seven days to bring Galba the news. He received the gold ring of the equestrian order from Galba and probably the restitutio natalium. He exerted great influence on Galba, allegedly was able to dominate him - although this opinion is more likely to be a reflection of social prejudice in the source…

Lisinius

(27 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q.L. Sabinus. Equestrian; procurator of the province of Noricum between AD 135 and 138. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography RMD II 93; PIR2 L 285.

Varia

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] V. is supposed to have been the name of the grandmother of  Elagabalus [2]  (SHA Opil. 9, 1-3; SHA Heliog. 10,1; 12,3; 31,4). This may have been a fiction based on the name of Elagabalus' father (see Varius [II 6] Marcellus). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sufenas

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] P. S. Verus. Legate of Lycia-Pamphylia c. AD 129-131 (most recently [1.36-40, 43]), cos. suff. probably 132 or 133 (CIL XVI 174; cf. RMD 3, 159 and a diploma of 9th September [2]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Wörrle, Stadt und Fest, 1988 2 Catalogue Lanz, Auction 104: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, München 2001, 5 Nr. 1 and Plate 1, Nr. 1.

Egnatia

(130 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (E.) Mariniana Probably wife of the Emperor Valerianus On coins from Viminacium she appears as Diva Mariniana. In all probability she was the wife of the later emperor Valerianus, whose accession she predeceased. Probably the sister of Egnatius [II 12] and [II 13]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography PIR2 E 39 M. Christol, Essai, 1996, 190ff. [German version] [2] E. Maximilla Wife of P. Glitius Gallus, mid-1st cent. AD Wife of P. Glitius Gallus, whom she accompanied into exile on Andros under Nero. Later she obviously returned to Italy. PIR2 E 40. Eck, Werner (Cologn…

Ofonius Tigellinus

(324 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Praetorian prefect at the time of Nero. O.'s father was from Agrigentum, but had been banished to Scyllaeum. According to later tradition, O. was of lowly origin, and his names, which are hardly attested elsewhere, confirm this. Under the emperor Caligula O. maintained contact with members of the extended Imperial family. This led to his banishment from Rome; he was accused of, among other things, sexual misdemeanours with Agrippina [3] the Younger. Claudius [III 1] allowed him to…

Pisibanius

(85 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] P. Celsus Senator Presumably a senator with an estate near Ferentium in southern Etruria (CIL XI 3003 and p. 1313; cf. [1. 147ff.].) Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.P. Lepidus Official, 2nd cent. AD Attested as cos. suff. on 21 June AD 159 [1. 147ff.]; also mentioned in CIL VI 32321 as a consul, presumably beginning 1 April. For his relatives cf. [1. 154ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Weiss, Ein Konsulnpaar vom 21. Juni 159 n.Chr., in: Chiron 29, 1999, 147-182.

Virius

(268 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. V. Agricola Cos. ord. in AD 230; probably a son of V. [4], brother of V. [6]; for his wide but not clearly distinguishable network of relatives cf. IEph III 710 B; PIR1 V 476. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] V. Apronianus Senator; related to V. [1] and V. [6] (IEph III 710 B). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] V. Gallus Corrector Campaniae; identical to the cos. ord. for the year AD 298. PLRE I, Gallus no. 2. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [4] V. Lupus Senator; suffect consul as late as under Commodus (?). A participant in the bat…

Procurator

(1,099 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
(from Latin procurare, ‘to take care of’; Greek ἐπίτροπος/ epítropos). [German version] [1] Financial administrator for individuals and emperors In the administration and organization of large fortunes, the political elite of Republican Rome employed freedmen or free persons, who as procuratores were authorized to represent the owners legally (Cic. Caecin. 57 f.). Augustus used this legal institution after the legalization of his position in order to manage both the private and the public tasks in his responsibility that were associat…

Acerronius

(78 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Proculus, Cn., cos. ord. AD 37 Proculus, Cn., cos. ord. AD 37 (PIR2 A 32), perhaps identical with the jurist Proculus [1]. Father of A. Polla. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Proculus, Cn., son of no. 1 A. Proculus, Cn., son of no. 1, procos. Achaiae under Claudius or Nero (IG III2 4181; BCH 1926, 442 no. 79; PIR2 A 33 [2]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 3, 141 2 Thomasson, 1, 196.

Vipstanus

(604 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. V. Apronianus His genealogical connexions are unclear. Cos. ord. in AD 59; proconsul of Africa in 68/9. The annexation of his province by Otho was accomplished with no initiative from his side. Recorded as an Arvalis Frater from 57-86; in February of 86 his successor was chosen, V. therefore died shortly before that. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Scheid, Frères, 257 f. Thomasson, Fasti Africani, 41 f. [German version] [2] L. V. Gallus Praetor, died in AD 17 (Tac. Ann. 2,51,1), probably also mentioned in IG II2 4185. Presumably a younger brother of V. [3]. Eck…

Maesius

(158 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. M. Aquillius Fabius Titianus Consul, unknown date Consul in an unknown year; possibly identical with M. [3]. PIR2 M 73. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. M. Picatianus Cos. suff. in AD 165 or 166 Senator; perhaps from Brixia where he was honoured as a patron (CIL V 4338 = InscrIt X 5, 126). Praetorian legate of the legio III Augusta in AD 163-165 [1. 155f.]; suffect consul in 165 or 166. PIR2 M 78. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Thomasson, Fasti Africani, 1996. [German version] [3] C. M. Titianus Cos. ord. in AD 245 Cos. ord. in AD 245 together with Cae…
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