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Turranius

(198 words)

Author(s): Bartels, Jens (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman gens name (Schulze, 429), sometimes confused with T(h)oranius. [German version] [1] T., C. Praetor in 44 BC (Cic. Phil. 3,25). He was presumably proscribed and killed at his son's instigation (Val. Max. 9,11,5; App. B Civ. 4,71). Not identical with the also outlawed (Suet. Aug. 27; App. B Civ. 4,47) guardian of Augustus, C. Toranius. Bartels, Jens (Bonn) [German version] [2] C. T. Gracilis Eques from Gades (modern Cadiz) (Plin. HN 3,3). He had the confidence of Augustus, who made him praef. Aegypti, recorded between 7 and 4 BC [1. 475]. In AD 14, at the time of Aug…

Tettienus

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Galeo T. Petronianus Senator from Asisium. Cos. suff. in AD 76. Brother of T. [2]. Probably the adoptive father of T. [3]; [1. 263]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Gaggiotti, L. Sensi, Italia: regio VI (Umbria), in: EOS 2, 263. [German version] [2] T. T. Serenus Brother of T. [1]. Praetorian governor of Lugdunensis in c. AD 78-80 [1. 300]; cos. suff. probably in 81. Member of the pontifices [2. 8 f.; 3. 449 f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 281-362 2 L. Sc…

Princeps iuventutis

(537 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Greek πρόκριτος τῆς νεότητος/ prókritos tês neótētos, Cass. Dio 55,9,9; 78,17,1; 'the first/most select among the youth'; the English word 'prince' derives from it). In the Republic, the term was used in the plural for the patrician equestrians organized in special units ( t urma ); as only the younger patricians served actively in the cavalry, the principes iuventutis could be described as the seminarium senatus ('nursery of the Senate') (Liv. 42,61,5). Cicero was already applying the term to individuals, already employing the distinction respective of the princep…

Fabulla

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of a certain Asiaticus, mentioned in the will of Domitius [II 25] Tullus as the recipient of a legacy (AE 1976, 77); she is presumably identical to the F. mentioned in Apollonius [14] of Tyana as the wife of Valerius, proconsul of Asia (Epist. 58). The latter is perhaps identical to Valerius Asiaticus, cos. in AD 94, proconsul of Asia 108/9 [1. 292ff.]. In this case the Letter of Apollonius would be fictitious. Cf. PIR2 F 92. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Zum neuen Fr. des sog. Testamentum Dasumii, in: ZPE 30, 1978, 277-295.

Livineius

(338 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman gens name (probably Etruscan root), encountered in the late Republic and early Imperial period, it is however rather rare. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] L. Regulus, L. Acquaintance of Cicero, who probably shared Cicero's banishment to Greece in 58 BC Acquaintance of Cicero, of about the same age, who around 58 BC probably shared Cicero's banishment to Greece (Cic. Att. 3,17,1; Cic. Fam. 13,60,1). The year of his service as praetor, deduced from coinage of his son L. [I 2], remains unclear. MRR 2,464. Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] L. Regulus, L. Partici…

Curtia Flavia Archelais Valentilla

(29 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Woman of consular rank, a member of the landed gentry of Lydia [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Petzl, in: EA 26, 1996, 9ff.

Rubellia Bassa

(40 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Probably the daughter of Rubellius [3] Blandus or of one of his sons, married to a senator Octavius [II 4] Laenas, grandmother of Sergius Octavius [II 6] Laenas Pontianus, cos. ord. in AD 131. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cornutus

(323 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Leonhardt, Jürgen (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] [1] Friend of the poet Tibullus Friend of the poet  Tibullus, to whom he dedicated elegiae 2 and 3 of his 2nd book. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cornutus Aquila Governor of Galatia 6 BC Praetorian imperial governor of Galatia in 6 BC [1. 253]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Cognomen of many senators Cognomen of many senators (PIR2 II p. 375). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Thomasson, I. [German version] [4] L. Annaeus Cornutus. Stoic philosopher and scholar, 1st cent. AD (First name only in Charisius, Gramm. 162,9). Born in Lepti…

Laetus

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Successful commander of Septimius [II 7] Severus during the Parthian War of AD 195 and again in 198. L. was murdered because he was too popular with the army; Severus denied that this was on his orders; L. probably fell victim to the thirst for power of the praetorian prefect Fulvius [II 10] Plautianus. PIR2 L 69. L.'s identification is disputed: according to [1. 116f.] he was identical to Iulius Laetus, who led the vanguard of Severus' army on their march into Rome in 193, and who in 197, allegedly after much hesitation, won the vic…

Corellius

(167 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Neratius C. Pansa Cos. ord. 122 AD Cos. ord. AD 122; son of Corellia Hispulla, a daughter of C. [2], and probably of one of the Neratii from Saepinum; related to the family of Domitius Apollinaris, cos. suff. 97 [1; 2. 487, 598]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q.C. Rufus Cos. suff. 78 AD Perhaps from Laus Pompeia [3]. Suffect consul probably in AD 78; governor of Germania superior in 82; according to Plin. Ep. 1,12,6f. an opponent of Domitian, but not openly. He was commissioned by Nerva to buy up and distribute land…

Mindius

(318 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Uncommon Roman family name; a few gentiles are identifiable as merchants in Greece (Delos, Asia Minor) during the later Republican period, e.g. a M.M. who died in Elis (Cic. fam. 5,20,2; 20,8; 13,26,2; 28,2). [German version] [1] M. Marcellus, M. Officer of the fleet from 38 BC From Velitrae, the home of Octavian ( Augustus), whom M. probably knew from his youth (App. civ. 5,422). Speculated in property with the encouragement of Caesar (Cic. fam. 15,17,2). Under the latter's adoptive son Octavian, a career as officer of the fleet from 38 BC:…

Otho

(736 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. Salvius Otho, Roman emperor in AD 69, born on 28.4.32 AD. The family came from Ferentum in Etruria. O.'s grandfather was the first in the family to be admitted to the Senate. His father was L. Salvius Otho, cos. suff. in 33; his mother, Albia Terentia, came from an equestrian family. From the time of Augustus, the family of the Salvii was closely connected with the domus Augusta. His father was accepted by Claudius [III 1] into the Patriciate, as was the young O. at the same time, too. Of his senatorial career, only the quaestorship is known; t…

Herennius

(1,606 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Franke, Thomas (Bochum)
Common Italian proper name (associated with the praenomen Herennus that is often confused with H.), which however is not documented as a surname among the Roman upper class until the 1st cent. BC. It frequently appears with epithets showing place of origin ( Etruscus, Gallus, Picens, Siculus). In the Imperial period it is the name of Caesar Q.H. [II 3] Etruscus, son of emperor  Decius [II 1], of the historian H.  Dexippus [2], and of the jurist H.  Modestinus. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I Republican Period [German version] [I 1] H. Centurio and murderer of Cicero Centurio, who at the…

Adoptive emperors

(398 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] The term adoptive emperor (AE) is applied to the emperors from  Nerva to  Marcus Aurelius because they each adopted their respective successor. The special characteristic was that the successor supposedly came from outside the family: sed Augustus in domo successorem quaesivit, ego in re publica ( Galba in his speech at the adoption of L.  Calpurnius Piso Frugi, Tac. Hist. 1,15,2). Among the Julio-Claudian dynasty, Rome was supposed to have been unius familiae quasi hereditas. The reason why the successor, per adoptionem, should be the ideal form of rulership…

Cuspius

(112 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.C. Camerinus Cos. suff. 126 AD from Pergamum Pergamenian who entered the Senate under Nerva or Trajan; suffect consul in126 AD [1]. Father of C. [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, M. Roxan, in: FS H. Lieb, 1995, 77ff. [German version] [2] L.C. Pactumeius Rufinus Cos. ord. 142 AD, friend of Aelius Aristides Son of C.[1]. Cos. ord. in AD 142. Often stayed in Pergamum where he also built the temple of Asclepius. A friend of Aelius Aristides (PIR2 C 1637). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.C. Rufinus Cos. ord. 197 AD Probably the grandson of C.…

Acerronia

(39 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Polla, confidante of Agrippina, who perished during the staged shipwreck in the Gulf of Baiae in AD 59 (Tac. Ann. 14,5 f.; Cass. Dio 61,13,3). Daughter of Acerronius [1] (PIR2 A 34). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cosconia Gallitta

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis, cos. suff. in AD 10; wife of the praetorian praefect Seius Strabo [1. 307ff.]. PIR2 C 1528. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, AA.

Publilius

(1,664 words)

Author(s): Bartels, Jens (Bonn) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Benz, Lore (Kiel) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Plotke, Seraina (Basle)
I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] P. Relative of Cicero's second wife Publilia A close relative (brother?) of Cicero's second wife Publilia; for this reason, he is frequently mentioned in Cicero's letters to T. Pomponius [I 5] Atticus. Bartels, Jens (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] P., Volero People's tribune in 472 and 471 BC People's tribune in 472 and 471 BC (MRR 1, 29 f.). P. is said to have introduced a bill in 472 to have the election of the tribunes of the plebs take place not in the comitia curiata, which were dominated by patricians and their clients, but in the comitia tributa (Co…

Iuventia

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] I. Maxima. Wife of C. Cassius Statilius [II 9] Severus Hadrianus. She is probably identical with the homonymous daughter of Lucius, attested in Berytus in AE 1998, 1437. She may have originated from Syria, like her husband. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Paulus

(5,982 words)

Author(s): Rist, Josef (Würzburg) | Hübner, Wolfgang (Münster) | Heimgartner, Martin (Halle) | Berger, Albrecht (Berlin) | Touwaide, Alain (Madrid) | Et al.
see Iulius [IV 15] (poet); see Iulius [IV 16] (jurist) [German version] I Greek (Παῦλος; Paûlos). [German version] [I 1] Bishop of Antioch [1], died after 272 Bishop of Antiochia [1] († after AD 272). P., who was probably born in Samosata and grew up in modest circumstances, succeeded Demetrianus in 260/1 and quickly antagonized influential parts of the Antioch community with his teachings and conduct of his office. According to Eusebius [7] (account of P.: Eus. HE 7,27-30), the presbyter Malchion, head of a school of r…
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