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Hirrius

(14 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M.H. Fronto Neratius Pansa, PIR2 N 56  Neratius. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Simplicinius Genialis

(146 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. S. G., an equestrian who, in AD 260, governed the province of Raetia as vir perfectissimus in place of a senatorial governor ( agens vice praesidis). He was specifically sent to Raetia for this purpose. On 24/25 April 260, he defeated an army of Semnones near Augsburg and built a victory altar there in September of the same year ([1] = AE 1993, 1231b). He may have been born in the province of Germania inferior (cf. recently [2; 3. 226 f.; 4]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 L. Bakker, Raetien unter Postumus, in: Germania 71, 1993, 369-386 2 M. Christol, M. S. G.…

Claudius

(361 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [II 2a] C. Agrippinus procurator Asiae under Hadrian. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography J. Reynolds, New Letters of Hadrian to Aphrodisias, in: Journal of Roman Archaeology 13, 2000, 5-20. [German version] [II 3a] Ti. C. Antoninus Son of a Tiberius, from the tribus Sergia. Prefect of the cohors II Galatarum (= Gallorum?), tribune of the cohors I Hispanorum milliaria, prefect of the ala Tauriana, procurator of the vicesima hereditatium in the Gaulish-Germanic provinces, procurator in Macedonia under Hadrian, procurator of Britain (unpublished …

Vistilia

(182 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Daughter of Sex. Vistilius Probably a daughter of Sex. Vistilius. Married to the senator Titedius Labeo. In AD 19, she declared herself before the aediles to be a prostitute, in order to avoid being punished under the Lex Iulia de adulteriis ( Adulterium ). She was banished to the island of Seriphos (Tac. Ann. 2,85,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, s. v. V., RE Suppl. 14, 910 f.  Syme, RP 2, 811. [German version] [2] Sister of Sex. Vistilius Probably a sister of Sex. Vistilius. Plin. HN. 7,39 mentions her six marriages, from which six chil…

Casperius

(192 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Centurio, 1st cent. AD Centurio. In AD 51, he tried -- in the castle of Gorneae in Armenia -- to mediate between Pharasmanes and Mithridates (Tac. Ann. 12,45f.). Corbulo sent him to the Parthian king Vologaeses in 62 (Tac. Ann. 15,5,2ff.; PIR2 C 461). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. Aelianus Military tribune, 2nd half of 1st cent. AD Military tribune, who accompanied Vespasian to Egypt in AD 69 (Philostr. VA 7,18). Praetorian prefect under Domitian, and once again under Nerva, when he joined an opposition group around Co…

Sextilia

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Married to L. Vitellius, cos. III in AD 47. Her sons were A. Vitellius, the later emperor, and his brother L. Vitellius. After her son was enthroned in Rome in the summer of 69 she was given the honorary name Augusta (Tac. Hist. 2,89,2); she died of old age shortly afterwards (Tac. Hist. 3,67,1). Suetonius (Vit. 3) speaks of her approvingly. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 715.

Ornamenta

(594 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Ornamenta  were outward signs and special rights attached to the Republican magistrature ( magistratus  C. 2; thus, for example the wearing of the toga praetexta or a specific seat at state games) which could be awarded to specific persons, who were not or not yet entitled to them, separately from the political rights derived from these offices. This development began in the Roman Republic, mostly only in exceptional cases. Thus, according to Cicero (Cic. Cluent. 132) a certain Popilius, the son of a freedman, was granted a seat among the senators as well as other ornament…

Terentilla

(52 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] According to Suet. Aug. 69,2 she is mentioned in a letter by Antonius [I 9] as one of the women in intimate relationship with Octavian. Presumably Terentia [2] is meant, the wife of Maecenas [2]  (see Cass. Dio 54,19,3); T. may then be a pet name. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Haterius

(541 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Mentioned by Cic. 46 BC Mentioned by Cic. Fam. 9,18,3 in the year 46 BC; possibly identical with the proscript of the same name in App. B Civ. 4,29. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q. H. Cos. suff. 5 BC Possibly descendant of H. [1], from a senatorial family. If he died in AD 26 at almost 90 years of age, he must have been born in c. 65 BC. Through his wife, he was related to the house of Augustus. Cos. suff. in 5 BC, i.e. at an advanced age. Mentioned several times by Tacitus in the context of negotiations of the Senate under Tiberius. He appears …

Praefectus

(2,472 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
('Superior, head', from praeficere; his office or area of responsibility = praefectura). The praefectus is the Roman functionary appointed by a magistratus as a proxy with comprehensive responsibilities for a defined period or for a specific task per mandatum (see praefectus iure dicundo/dando). In the Empire, his appointment by the princeps generally resulted in the functions becoming permanent. In the non-military field, the designation praefectus was still used only under Augustus [1] for new functions; later it was used exclusively in analogy to already existing functions. Pr…

Numisia

(100 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Maximilla Vestal virgin around 200 AD Virgo Vestalis maxima (Vestal Virgin), at least after 201; she took part in the Saecular Games ( saeculum ) of AD 204 PIR2 N 219. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cocceia Bassula N. Procula Wife of M. Munatius Popilicanus She was married to M. Munatius Popilicanus. The question as to whether she and the senator's wife N. Procula in CIL XV 7459 are one and the same person cannot be resolved [1. 334]. PIR2 N 220. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M.-Th. Raepsaet-Charlier, in: Journal of Roman archeology 4, 1991.

Seius

(359 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] S. Fuscianus Senator, from early youth a friend of Marcus [2] Aurelius with whom he also studied philosophy together (SHA Aur. 3,8). S. was cos. suff. no later than AD 151 [1. 159 f.], cos ord. II in 188 and praef. urbi probably until 189 (SHA Pert. 4,3); his successor was the later emperor Pertinax. S. presided over prosecutions of Christians (Tert. Ad nat. 1,16; Hippolytos, refutatio 9,11,4; 12,7 f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Alföldy, Konsulat. [German version] [2] L. S. Strabo Father of L. Aelius [II 19] Seianus. He was from Volsinii in Et…

Aedinius Iulianus, M

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] By this name are known a praefectus Aegypti in AD 222/3 [1. 308 f.], a senatorial patron in the album of Canusium (CIL IX 338 = ILS 6121) and a legatus Augusti of the Lugdunensis, who later became praef. praetorio (before 238, CIL XIII 3162; [2]). Presumably all evidence points to one person; the mixed senatorial-knightly career can probably be placed in the time of  Elagabalus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei Prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2 H. G. Plaum, Marbre de Thorigny, 1948. Dietz, 40 f. Leunissen, 100,…

Caesennius

(268 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.C. Antoninus Consul. suff. 128 AD Cos. suff. in AD 128, perhaps son of C. [5] [1. 49, 118]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A.C. Gallus Roman military and governor, 1st cent. AD As legate of the legio XII Fulminata, he fought the Jewish rebellion in AD 66 (Jos. Bell. Iud. 2,510ff.; 3,31). After a suffect consulate, he was governor of Cappadocia-Galatia from 80 to 82/3 (PIR2 C 170) [2. 304ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L. Iunius C. Paetus Roman governor, 1st cent. AD Cos. ord. in AD 61 (AE 1973, 141f.). Extraordinary governor of C…

Mestrius

(269 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.M. Son of L.M. Florus (cos. suff. ca. AD 75), [1] L. M. Son of M. [3]. PIR2 M 529. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.M. Autobulus Son of Plutarch, [2] L. M.Autobulus Son of Plutarch, who was revered in Chaeronea as a Platonic philosopher (Syll.3 844). His father dedicated his work on the Platonic Tímaios to him (Plut. mor. 1012a-1030d). PIR2 M 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.M. Florus Cos. suff. c. AD 75, [3] L. M.Florus Senator. Probably entered the Senate as a novus homo under Nero. At the beginning of the year AD 69 he was in Ro…

Hadrianus [II]

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Origin and senatorial career Roman Emperor AD 117-138. Son of Senator P. Aelius Hadrianus Afer and one Domitia Paulina; his home town was  Italica in the Spanish province of Baetica. Born on 24 January 76 probably in Rome as P. Aelius Hadrianus. When he was 10 years of age he lost his father, who had achieved the rank of praetor. The eques Acilius Attianus and the senator (later emperor) M. Ulpius Traianus, his great-uncle (see stemma in [1. 308]), both likewise from Italica, became his guardians. At an early age he was made acquainted wi…

Matuccius

(63 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Matuccius Fuscinus. Praetorian legate of the legio III Augusta in the year AD 158; he was already designated to be consul at that time. On 21 June 159 he is attested as being consul along with M. Pisibanius Lepidus. PIR2 M 374. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography B. E. Thomasson, Fasti Africani, 1997, 151f. P. Weiß, in: Chiron 29, 1999.

Pilatus

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] see Pontius [II 7] See Pontius [II 7].  Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.P. Sabinus Official, 2nd cent. AD Senator. Cos. suff. in AD 153; consular governor of Moesia Superior, recorded in 159/160. PIR2 P 822. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sextia

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Wife of L. Cornelius [II 59] Sulla Felix, died in 24 AD Wife of L. Cornelius [II 59] Sulla Felix who died in AD 21. When her second husband Mamercus Aemilius [II 14] Scaurus was forced into suicide in 34, she killed herself together with him (Tac. Ann. 6,29,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 711. [German version] [2] Sister of S. [1]? Possibly a sister of S. [1]. When her son-in-law L. Antistius [II 12] Vetus was accused in AD 66, she, he and her granddaughter Antistia [3] Pollitta took their own lives (Tac. Ann. 16,10 f.). Eck, Werner (Colog…

Polydeuces

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
(Πολυδεύκης/ Polydeúkēs). [German version] [1] One of the Spartan Dioscuri, brother of Castor See Dioscuri. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Slave of the emperor Claudius Slave of Claudius [III 1], who took him to court when Caligula granted slaves generally the right to proceed against their masters. Although Caligula appeared in court, Claudius was not sentenced (Jos. Ant. Iud. 19,12 f.). PIR2 P 562. Eck, Werner (Cologne)
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