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Hanfmann, George

(559 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
Russ.-amerikan. Archäologe und Kunsthistoriker. Geb. als George Maxim Anossov H. am 20. 11. 1911 in St. Petersburg, gest. am 13. 3. 1986 in Watertown (Massachusetts). Studium in Jena, München und Berlin, 1934 Prom. in Klass. Arch. in Berlin. 1934 Emigration in die USA, 1940 US-Staatsbürgerschaft. 1935 Ph. D. der Johns Hopkins Univ. (Baltimore) und Junior Fellow, ab 1956 Prof. für Fine Arts an der Harvard Univ.; 1949–1974 auch Kurator für antike Kunst am Fogg Art Museum ebda. 1958–1976 Leiter der Harvard-Cornell Grabungen in Sardes. Werdegang und Werk H. kam in St. Petersburg …

Newton, Charles Thomas

(662 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
Brit. Klass. Archäologe und Epigraphiker. Getauft am 15. 9. 1816 in Clungenford (Shropshire), gest. am 28. 11. 1894 in Westgate-on-Sea (Kent). Studium am Christ Church College, Oxford; 1837 B. A.; 1840 M. A. 1840–1852 Assistent im Department of Antiquities des British Museum in London. 1852–1860 brit. Vizekonsul in Mytilene, 1853/54 auf Rhodos; 1860 brit. Konsul in Rom. 1861–1885 Keeper of Greek and Roman Antiquities des British Museum; 1880–1888 Yates Prof. of Archaeology am Univ. College in Lo…

Ashby, Thomas

(582 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
Brit. Archäologe und Topograph. Geb. am 14. 10. 1874 in Staines (Middlesex), gest. am 15. 5. 1931 in New Malden (Surrey). Nach Besuch der Public School Winchester College 1893–1897 Studium am Christ Church College, Oxford . Ab 1903 Assistant Director, 1906–1925 Director der British School at Rome (BSR); für 1931 als Senior Research Fellow am Christ Church College, Oxford vorgesehen. Werdegang, Werk und Wirkung 1890 zog A.s Vater, ehemaliger Brauereibesitzer und Amateurarchäologe, nach Rom. Von ihm und Rodolfo Lanciani wurde A. in die topographische Archäol…

Thompson, Homer Armstrong

(669 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L. | Graepler, Daniel
Kanad.-US-amerikan. Klass. Archäologe. Geb. am 7. 9. 1906 in Devlin (Ontario); gest. am 7. 5. 2000 in Hightstown (New Jersey). Studium an der Univ. of British Columbia, 1925 B. A., 1927 M. A.; 1929 Prom. an der Univ. of Michigan. 1933–1947 Prof. für Klass. Arch. an der Univ. of Toronto; Kurator der Antikensammlung des Royal Ontario Museums; 1946–1967 Leiter der Agora-Grabungen; ab 1947 Prof. an der School of Historical Studies des Institute of Advanced Studies in Princeton, NJ. 1951 US-amerikan.…

Dinsmoor, William Bell

(460 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
Amerikan. Archäologe, Bauforscher und Epigraphiker. Geb. am 28. 7. 1886 in Windham (New Hampshire), gest. am 2. 7. 1973. Studium an der Harvard School of Architecture; 1906 B. S. 1908–1912 Fellowship in Architecture an der American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA); 1912–1919 Architekt ebda.; 1924–1928 Teilzeit-Prof. für Architektur ebda. 1920–1926 Leiter der Avery Library der Columbia Univ., New York, 1929 Litt.D. ebda.; 1933–1955 Leiterdes Institute of Fine Art der Columbia Univ., …

Richter, Gisela

(839 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L. | Graepler, Daniel
Brit.-amerikan. Archäologin. Geb. am 14. 8. 1882 in London als Gisela Marie Augusta R., gest. am 24. 12. 1972 in Rom. 1901–1904 Studium am Girton College, Cambridge, 1904 an der British School at Athens (BSA). 1910 assistierende, 1922 assoziierte Kuratorin; 1925–1948 leitende Kuratorin der griech.-röm. Abteilung im Metropolitan Museum of Art (MMA) in New York. 1917 amerikan. Staatsbürgerin. 1960/61 Gastprof. an der American School of Classical Studies at Athens. 1952 Ehrendoktorat der Univ. Oxford; 1968 Goldmedaille des American Institure of Archaeology. Werdegang und We…

Newton, Charles Thomas

(737 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
British classical archaeologist and epigraphist. Baptized Clungunford (Shropshire) 15. 9. 1816, died Westgate-on-Sea (Kent) 28. 11. 1894. Studied at Christ Church College, Oxford; 1837 BA; 1840 MA. 1840–1852 assistant in the Department of Antiquities at the British Museum in London. 1852–1860 British vice-consul at Mytilene, 1853/54 on Rhodes; 1860 British consul at Rome. 1861–1885 Keeper of Greek and Roman Antiquities at the British Museum; 1880–1888 Yates Prof. of Archaeology at Univ. College,…

Richter, Gisela

(901 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L. | Graepler, Daniel
British-American archaeologist. Born Gisela Marie Augusta R., London, 14. 8. 1882, died Rome 24. 12. 1972. 1901–1904 studied at Girton College, Cambridge, then 1904 at the British School at Athens (BSA). 1910 assistant curator, 1922 associate curator. 1925–1948 chief curator of the Graeco-Roman Department of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (MMA) in New York. American citizenship 1917. 1960/61 guest prof. at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. 1952 honorary doctorate from Univ. of Oxford; 1968 gold medal of the American Institute of Archaeology. Career and works R. gr…

Ashby, Thomas

(602 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
British archaeologist and topographer. Born 14. 10. 1874 at Staines (Middlesex), died 15. 5. 1931 in New Malden (Surrey). After attending public school (Winchester College) 1893–1897, studied at Christ Church College, Oxford. From 1903 Assistant Director, 1906–1925 Director of the British School at Rome (BSR); appointed Senior Research Fellow at Christ Church College, Oxford for 1931. Background, work and influence In 1890, A.’s father, a former brewery owner and amateur archaeologist, moved to Rome. He and Rodolfo Lanciani introduced A. to topographical…

Dinsmoor, William Bell

(486 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
American archaeologist, architectural historian and epigraphist. Born Windham, New Hampshire, 28. 7. 1886, died 2. 7. 1973. Studied at Harvard School of Architecture; 1906 B.S. 1908–1912 fellowship in architecture at American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA); 1912–1919 architect there; 1924–1928 part-time prof. of architecture there. 1920–1926 director of the Avery Library at Columbia Univ., New York, 1929 Litt.D. there; 1933–1955 director of the Institute of Fine Art of Columbia Un…

Thompson, Homer Armstrong

(726 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L. | Graepler, Daniel
Canadian-American classical archaeologist. Born Devlin, Ontario, 7. 9. 1906, died Hightstown, New Jersey, 7. 5. 2000. Studied at the Univ. of British Columbia, 1925 BA, 1927 MA 1929 ¶ doctorate at Univ. of Michigan. 1933–1947 prof. of classical archaeology at the Univ. of Toronto. Curator of the antiquities collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. 1946–1967 director of excavations in the Agora. From 1947 prof. at School of Historical Studies at the Institute of Advanced Studies in Princeton, New Jersey. American citizen 1951…

Hanfmann, George

(606 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
Russian-American archaeologist and art historian. Born Maxim Anossov H., St. Petersburg, 20. 11. 1911, died Watertown, Massachussetts, 13. 3. 1986. Studied at Jena, Munich and Berlin, doctorate in classical archaeology 1934, Berlin. Emigrated to USA in 1934, American citizen 1940. 1935 PhD at Johns Hopkins Univ. (Baltimore) and junior fellow, from 1956 prof. in fine arts at Harvard Univ. 1949–1974 also curator of ancient art at Fogg Art Museum there. 1958–1976 director of the Harvard-Cornell excavations at Sardes. Career and works H. was born in St. Petersburg, from where hi…

Archaeological Institute of America

(1,342 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L. (Buffalo NY RWG)
Dyson, Stephen L. (Buffalo NY RWG) [German version] A. History (CT) The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) was founded in 1879 in Boston, with the aim of encouraging archaeological research and American publications. The driving force behind the foundation and its first president, from 1879 to 1889, was Charles Eliot Norton (1827-1928), professor of Fine Arts at Harvard University. The organisation soon expanded outside Boston and became a national association. A network of local associations emerge…

Archaeological Institute of America

(1,250 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L. (Buffalo NY) RWG
Dyson, Stephen L. (Buffalo NY) RWG [English version] A. Geschichte (RWG) Das AIA wurde 1879 in Boston gegr., um die arch. Forsch. und amerikanische Publikationen zu fördern. Die treibende Kraft bei der Gründung und erster Präsident von 1879 bis 1889 war Charles Eliot Norton (1827-1908), Professor der Schönen Künste an der Harvard Univ. Die Organisation breitete sich bald über Boston hinaus aus und wurde zu einem landesweiten Verein. Es entstand ein Netzwerk von Ortsvereinen in einzelnen Städten, die zu ein…