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Niederrheinische Reimchronik der Schlacht von Göllheim

(247 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
(Lower Rhenish rhymed chronicle of the Battle of Göllheim) 1298. Germany. A fragmentarily-transmitted poem on the Battle of Göllheim, written in the Mosel-Franconian (Central German) dialect of Middle High German, in rhyming couplets.The battle at Göllheim near Worms (Rhineland) was fought on 2nd July 1298 between the Roman-German King Adolf of Nassau and his challenger the newly elected Habsburg Antiking, Duke Albrecht of Austria. The poem was apparently written in the Rhineland in the autumn of the same year by an author who was not p…
Date: 2016-10-17

Staindl, Johannes

(200 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
[Staindel; Lapillus] d. 1518. Germany. Priest at Passau, Bavaria. Author of a Collectanea containing historical notes on the Benedictine monastery at Vornbach, a literary-historical Suppletio virorum illustrium inspired by Johannes Trithemius dated 1497, and a Chronion generale dated 1508, all of which survive in autograph (Munich, Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv, KL Formbach 5 1/3 & 5 1/2; Passau, SB, inc. 117; and Munich, BSB, clm 732).The Latin chronicle is compiled in three parts, first an annalistic overview of biblical and extra-biblical history from cr…
Date: 2016-10-17

Editorial Team

(1,648 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
Graeme Dunphy (Regensburg) General editor. Sectional editor for Germany and Ireland; leading articles and thematic articles (521 articles). Raymond Graeme Dunphy is professor of translation at the University of Applied Sciences in Würzburg. He has researched on medieval and baroque literature, and modern cross-cultural literature in English and German. Publications include a monograph on the chronicle of Jans der Enikel, the anthology History as Literature, and an edition of the Opitz text of the Annolied. He is President of the Medieval Chronicle Society and and co-f…
Date: 2016-10-17

Berchtold of Kremsmünster

(312 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
[Bernandus Noricus] pre-1270-1326. Germany and Austria. Benedictine monk at Kremsmünster in Upper Austria and in Passau. Author of Historia Cremifanensis and compiler of Fontes Cremifanenses. A prolific copyist, his handwriting is found in 68 manuscripts, mostly still located in Kremsmünster. He authored a number of works including a verse office for the feast of St. Agapitus, now lost. He seems to have been named Bernard erroneously in earlier scholarship, and given the by-name Noricus, which in this period roughly means "the Bavarian".Berchtold's Historia Cremifanensis, a ch…
Date: 2016-10-17

Annals of St. Gallen

(378 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
Switzerland. 9th-11th centuries. At least seven distinct sets of minor Latin annals are transmitted in manuscripts associated with with the Benedictine monastery of St. Gallen in the diocese of Konstanz.The Annales Sangallenses maiores are annals for the years 709-1056, the earlier parts of which are based on the Annales Alamannici. From 918 they have an independent account. They are found in St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, 915, pp. 196-236. Editio princeps Goldast, Scriptores Alamannicarum rerum, 1 (1606)The Annales Sangallenses Baluzii, so-called because it was first pri…
Date: 2016-10-17

Preface

(4,558 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
Chronicle Studies When in 1885 the sculptor Auguste Rodin was commissioned by the city of Calais to create a memorial to the privations and tragedy of war, it was a controversial move. Statues erected at public expense, it was felt, should depict the heroism of victorious France, not pain and loss. But French casualties in the Franco-Prussian war had been shockingly high, and there was a mood for a thoughtful acknowledgement of suffering. Searching for a motif, the mayor's committee had turned to the fourteenth-century Chroniques of Jean Froissart. Here they discovered an event …
Date: 2016-10-17

Annales Sancti Bonifacii

(370 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
Mid-12th century. Germany. A set of annalistic notes added to a late 11th-century chronological table at the imperial abbey at Fulda (Benedictine), also known as the monasterium sancti Bonifatii. They are transmitted in Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, SCA 49, itself 11th-century. This dating, based on paleological evidence, represents a revision of an earlier opinion whereby both the annals and the framework text were deemed to be a full century earlier. The codex, which in places is badly damaged, represents a particularly intere…
Date: 2017-04-11

Annales Garstenses

(92 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
13th century. Austria. Monastic annals from the Benedictine house at Garsten in upper Austria, covering the years 1181-1257. They begin with material in common with the Annales Mellicenses, and continue with material shared with the Annales Admontenses. This is followed by unique material, which is edited under the title Continuatio Garstensis. Manuscript: Vienna, ÖNB, 340 (14th century).Dunphy, GraemeBibliography Text W. Wattenbach, MGH SS 9, 1851, 594-600. Literature O. Redlich, "Die österreichische Annalistik bis zum Ausgange des xiii. Jahrhunderts", Mitteilungen des I…
Date: 2016-10-17

Anna von Munzingen

(220 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
 14th century. Germany. Anna belonged to a leading patrician family from Freiburg im Breisgau, and is attested as prioress of the Dominican convent at nearby Adelhausen, 1316-27. Her Chronik is in fact a sequence of accounts of mystic experiences, visions and asceticism among the nuns, as the opening heading promises: Dis sint die gnade, die vnser Herre hett getan semlichen swestern in disem closter ze Adelnhusen (These are the gifts of grace shown by our Lord to some of the sisters in this monastery at Adelhausen). It opens with the foundation of the monaste…
Date: 2016-10-17

Family chronicles

(1,757 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
CharacteristicsFamily chronicles are one of the smaller but livelier categories of chronicles in the late Middle Ages. Typically an urban phenomenon, they become common in the fourteenth and fifteenth century especially in the two areas where the process of urban emancipation was most advanced: Northern Italy and the German-speaking lands. Family chronicles are a particularly interesting source for historians of the late medieval and early modern town, as they abound in details of everyday life.…
Date: 2016-12-06

Annalista Saxo

(258 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
12th century. Germany. A monk at the Benedictine monastery of Nienburg and author of a Latin imperial chronicle from Carolingian times. The anonymous was given the tag "Annalista Saxo" by the philosopher and polymath Gottfried Leibnitz when he was gathering material for a history of the House of Hanover. Attempts to identify the author as Arnold von Berge und Nienburg have been abandoned.Written in the years 1148-52, the chronicle provides a broad account of German and European history over a period of four hundred years. The surviving text covers the year…
Date: 2016-10-17

Founding Heroes

(1,352 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
When the Scottish nobles gathered in Arbroath in 1320 to protest to the Pope about English aggression, their first and most salient argument was the antiquity of the Scottish people. Their famous petition, the Declaration of Arbroath, speaks of the origins of the nation in the Mediterranean, how they journeyed from Scythia across the sea to Spain, always renowned as heroes. The text opens with the words Scimus, Sanctissime Pater et Domine, et ex antiquorum gestis et libris Colligimus... (We know, Holy Father and Lord, and we learn from the gesta and books of the ancients). Here, the …
Date: 2016-10-17

Annales Altahenses

(303 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
(Annals of Niederaltaich) 11th century. Germany. Royal annals from the Benedictine monastery at Niederaltaich, in the Diocese of Regensburg, with an entry for almost every year from 708-1073.The work obviously falls into two parts. The first (708-1032) has only short notes, often as little as three words per entry, and in the early part is based heavily on the Annales Hildesheimenses, becoming more independent after 899. The second part (1033-73) has narrative entries of up to 1400 words in length (1065). This is one of the most important sources for the imperial history of the mid-11th c…
Date: 2016-10-17

Kimpelsche Chronik

(279 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
15th-17th century. Germany. Written by a series of members of the Kimpel family of Memmingen, Bavaria, over a period of three generations, this vernacular prose work combines a town chronicle with elements of a family chronicle. It was begun by Johann Kimpel Sr. (1422-74), who served as a priest in Augsburg and Rome until 1462.Johann knew Erhard Wintergerst, from whose notes he formed the centrepiece of his own town chronicle, though the extent to which he reworked them has still to be established. Johann's text begins in an annalistic tone with sh…
Date: 2016-10-17

Fulgentius, Fabius Planciades

(284 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
6th century. North Africa. A Christian writer of late antiquity whose identity with the Carthaginian saint and bishop Fugentius of Ruspe has been mooted. He is best known for Mythologiae, in which he aims to give the classical mythologies a Christian meaning. He also wrote an exposition on Virgil and a short dictionary of obscure words.His De aetatibus mundi et hominis (On the Ages of the World and of Man) is a world chronicle in fourteen books which is possibly the first to use Augustine's scheme of aetates as a guiding principle in universal history, though this is more a play o…
Date: 2016-10-17

Adelbert of Heidenheim

(129 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
12th century. Germany. Abbot of the Benedictine monastery at Heidenheim in Bavaria (diocese of Eichstätt).Adelbert was the author of a Latin monastic chronicle known as the Chronicon S. Wunnibaldi after the founder of the monastery, the eighth-century Wessex-born Wunibald (Wynnebald). The manuscript is in Eichstätt, Bibliothek des Diözesanarchivs. An editio princeps was produced by Jakob Gretser, Ingolstadt 1617. There is no modern edition.Adelbert also wrote another short piece on the history of the monastery, entitled Relatio, qua ratione sub Eugenio III pontifice mo…
Date: 2016-10-17

Filipepi, Simone

(344 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
1443/4-1512. Italy. Born in Florence as one of a family of nine children, Filipepi is best known as the brother of the Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli. He spent his working life mostly in Naples and Rome in the service of various commercial enterprises. In 1494 he returned to Florence where he became a supporter of the radical DominicanSavonarola, who ruled the city after the fall of the Medici regime. His name appears with 300 other citizens on a petition to the Pope to revoke Savonarola's excommunication.In 1503 he began writing a Cronaca (Chronicle) of the years 1489-1503, wh…
Date: 2016-10-17

List of Abbreviations

(1,482 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
List of Abbreviations 1. General abbreviations am = annus mundi (year of the world) ah = anno hegirae (year of the hijra; Islamic dating)ca = circab. = bornd. = diedfl. = flourishedJr. = juniorr. = reigneds.n. = series nova/new seriesSr. = seniorSt. = saints.v. = sub verbo, sub voce 2. Bibliographical abbreviations 2a. works ABAPh = Abhandlungen de Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse A BD = The Anchor Bible Dictionary, 1992 AfSlPh = Archiv für Slavische Philologie AJP = American Journal of Philology AKG = Archiv für Kulturgeschichte ANRW = Aufstie…
Date: 2016-10-17

World chronicles

(3,553 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
Universal historyA World Chronicle or Universal Chronicle is an attempt to write a history of the world which is both chronologically and geographically as universal as the resources available to the chronicler allow. For medieval Christian, Jewish and Islamic chronicles, this generally means that they begin with the creation, cover ancient history in the forms in which it is received from the Old Testament and the epitomes of standard Greek and Roman historians, and then continue to the time of …
Date: 2016-12-06

Dominican chronicle tradition

(2,068 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
The Order of PreachersFounded in the years around 1215, the Dominicans were originally and most correctly known as the Order of Preachers (OP = Ordo Praedicatorum). In England they were often referred to as Black Friars, in France as Jacobins. Like the Franciscans, from whom to some extent they drew inspiration, the Dominicans were a mendicant order, but their focus on preaching made them an altogether more aggressive force. Founded by the Spaniard Dominic of Calaruega (Dominic of Osma, Dominic de Guzmán, ca 1170-1221),…
Date: 2016-12-06
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