[German version] The Elbe (never the Alb , despite ) has its source according to Tac. Germ. 41,2 [2. 242 f.] in the territory of the Hermunduri, according to Ptol. 2,11,1 in the Sudeten, according to Cass. Dio 55,1,3 correctly in the ‘Vandal Mountains’ (Riesengebirge / Krkonoše). Known by the Romans since Caesar, reached by Drusus and Tiberius in 9 and 5 BC, soon crossed by L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, it was to have become the Germanic border of Rome -- a plan that failed. Therefore known to Tac. (Germ. 41,4) only by ‘hearsay’ (
nunc tantum auditur). Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography
1 R. Much, s. v. A., in: RGA 1, 21973, 129 f.
2 G. Perl, Tac. Germ. (trans. and comm.), 1990
3 J. Straub, Alba = Elbe oder Alb?, in: Regeneratio Imperii, 1972, 418-442. K.-P. Johne, Die Elbe als Ziel röm. Expansion, Sitzber. Akad. Wiss. DDR 1982, no. 15/G, 37-44 TIR M 33, 20.