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Bhaṭṭi, or Bhāṭi

(95 words)

Author(s): Cotton, J. S.
, a Rād̲j̲pūt tribe settled on the borders of the Pand̲j̲āb and Rād̲j̲pūtāna, who have given their name to the towns of Bhatner and Bhatinda and a former British district of Bhattiāna. The majority of them have long been converts to Islām. The mother of the Dihlī emperor Fīrūz S̲h̲āh is said to have been a Bhatti, while the Phūlkiān Sikh chiefs of the Pand̲j̲āb claim a similar ancestry. (J. S. Cotton) Bibliography W. Crooke, The Tribes and Castes of the North- Western Provinces and Oudh, ii, 42 et seq. (Calcutta, 1896).

Bad̲j̲awr

(49 words)

Author(s): Cotton, J. S.
, a tract of hilly country on the N. W. frontier of India (estimated area: 5,000 sq. m.; estimated population 100,000). It is occupied by several Paṭhān or Afg̲h̲ān tribes, who recognise the nominal supremacy of the Ḵh̲ān of Nawagai. (J. S. Cotton) Bibliography Imperial Gazetteer of India.

Dhār

(328 words)

Author(s): Cotton, J. S.
, state in Central India, under a Marāṭhā ruler; area, 1,775 sq.m.; pop. (1901), 142,115, of whom 9% were Musalmans. The greater part lies upon the fertile plateau of Mālwā, including the historic fortress of Māndū. The town of Dhār — pop. (1901), 17,792 — is a very ancient place, having been the capital of the Paramāra Rād̲j̲pūts, from whom the present chief claims descent. It was occupied by ʿAlā’ al-Dīn in 1300 a. d., and became known as Pīrān Dhār from the large number of saints buried here. In 1399, Dilāwar Ḵh̲ān, G̲h̲ōrī, the governor from Dihlī, founded the ind…

Farīdpūr

(107 words)

Author(s): Cotton, J. S.
district of India in Eastern Bengal, lying in the delta of the Ganges. Pop. (1911), 2,121,914, of whom 62% arc Muḥammadans. Here was the birthplace of Ḥād̲j̲d̲j̲ī S̲h̲arīʿat Allāh, the founder of the reforming sect of Farāʾiḍiya [q. v.] or Farāẓī and of his son Dudū Miyān, who caused some trouble to the British Government in the middle of the 19th cent. The sect is still numerous in Farīdpūr. The town (pop. 11, 649) takes its name from a saint, Farīd S̲h̲āh, who is buried there. (J. S. Cotton) Bibliography Wise, The Muḥammadans of Eastern Bengal, in yourn. As. Soc. Beng. vol. 63, Part iii. (1894).

Ḏj̲ūnāgarh

(217 words)

Author(s): Cotton, J. S.
, native state in the peninsula of Kāthiāwār, W. India; area, 3,284 sq. m.; pop. (1901), 395,428, of whom 22% are Musalmans; revenue, about £180,000. It takes its name from the “old fort”, or Uparkōt, which contains Buddhist caves and a mosque built by Sulṭān Maḥmūd Bēgāṛa (end of xvth cent.), who named the modern town, which contains a college and other fine buildings, Muṣṭafābād. The state was founded about 1735, on the decline of Mug̲h̲al authority, by S̲h̲ēr Ḵh̲ān Bābī, Paṭhān. The territory includes the Gir forest, where alone the lion is…

Bombay Presidency

(433 words)

Author(s): Cotton, J. S.
, a province in western India, with its capital at Bombay city [q. v.]. It stretches from Sind, through Gud̲j̲arāt, to the Konkan, with a landward extension across the Ghāṭs into the Dakhan and the Carnatic. Comprised within its limits are the Portuguese possessions of Goa, Damān, and Diu, and also the state of Baroda. The settlement of ʿAden at the mouth of the Red Sea is politically a part of Bombay. It differs from other provinces in that more than one third consists of native states. Includi…
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